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Equal Justice

Eric Rakowski

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book sets forth a novel theory of distributive justice premised on the fundamental moral equality of persons. The book is divided into three main parts: Part I explains a theory of justice, ... More


Impartial Justice, Motivation, and Punishment

Matt Matravers

in Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is argued that a premiss of the fundamental moral equality of persons is built into the foundations of impartialist theories of justice. The inclusion of this premise means that the demands of ... More


Killing in War

Jeff McMahan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Killing a person is in general among the most seriously wrongful forms of action, yet most of us accept that it can be permissible to kill people on a large scale in war. Does morality become more ... More


The Morality of Participation in an Unjust War

Jeff McMahan

in Killing in War

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199548668
eISBN:
9780191721045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548668.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter analyzes and criticizes the currently orthodox theory of the just war, according to which it is permissible for combatants on both sides in a war to fight, irrespective of whether their ... More


On the Relation Between Moral and Distributive Equality

Andrea Sangiovanni

in Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism: Critiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678426
eISBN:
9780191757839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses, and rejects, two arguments for the conclusion that duties of distributive justice have non-relational grounds and global scope. The first argument holds that, because our ... More


Rethinking the Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism Debate: An Introduction

Gillian Brock

in Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism: Critiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678426
eISBN:
9780191757839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter introduces and analyzes core issues in the debate between cosmopolitans and non-cosmopolitans. It provides important background, sketches all the authors’ arguments, and analyzes ... More


Concluding Reflections 1

Thomas Pogge

in Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism: Critiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678426
eISBN:
9780191757839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Critically engaging fellow authors Blake, Sangiovanni, Meckled-Garcia, and Freeman, this chapter proposes to characterize cosmopolitanism through the principle that the ensemble of global rules and ... More


The Principles and the Presumption of Equality

Stefan Gosepath

in Social Equality: On What It Means to be Equals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199331109
eISBN:
9780190212865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331109.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter advocates the presumption of equality as a possible candidate for a principle to proceed from basic moral premises to a theory of rights and justice. It introduces the presumption of ... More


Refusing Conformity through Creativity in Nietzsche

Jennie C. Ikuta

in Contesting Conformity: Democracy and the Paradox of Political Belonging

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190087845
eISBN:
9780190087876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087845.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Political Theory

While Tocqueville and Mill show us the value of fostering nonconformity within democratic societies, Nietzsche reminds us that there is nothing inherently democratic about nonconformity. According to ... More


Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy

Justin E. H. Smith

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153643
eISBN:
9781400866311
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153643.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

People have always been xenophobic, but an explicit philosophical and scientific view of human racial difference only began to emerge during the modern period. Why and how did this happen? Surveying ... More


Conclusion In Defence of Just War Theory

Mark Evans

in Just War Theory: A Reappraisal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620746
eISBN:
9780748672042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620746.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Various well-known criticisms of just war theory are raised and assessed in this chapter. These include the difficulty of defining “war” and hence the circumstances in which the theory might count; ... More


Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism: Critiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations

Gillian Brock (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678426
eISBN:
9780191757839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The debate between cosmopolitans and non-cosmopolitans flourishes. Contributors continue to disagree over at least fourteen core issues analyzed in this work, including these questions: What is ... More


Inequality

Thomas Nagel

in Equality and Partiality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195098396
eISBN:
9780199870059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195098390.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is not always easy to prevent egalitarianism in political morality from infecting other values. If one is really uneasy about socio‐economic stratification, one can become uneasy about cultural, ... More


The Case Against the Right to Exclude

Phillip Cole

in Debating the Ethics of Immigration: Is There a Right to Exclude?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199731732
eISBN:
9780190267490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199731732.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a general moral case against the right to exclude within the context of immigration controls. One source of doubt about the ethics of immigration controls arises from the ... More


Why We Are Moral Equals

George Sher

in Do All Persons Have Equal Moral Worth?: On 'Basic Equality' and Equal Respect and Concern

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198719502
eISBN:
9780191788604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719502.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter notes that despite the fact that normal humans vary along every empirical dimension, it is widely believed that they are all moral equals. It first criticizes some well-known attempts to ... More


Property and Necessity

Dennis Klimchuk

in Philosophical Foundations of Property Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199673582
eISBN:
9780191751721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673582.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter explores a Grotian account of the right of necessity, that is, the right to trespass or make use of the property of another, first, to save life or limb, and secondly, to preserve one’s ... More


Contractarianism and the Moral Equality of Combatants

Yitzhak Benbaji and Daniel Statman

in War By Agreement: A Contractarian Ethics of War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199577194
eISBN:
9780191879548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199577194.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The purpose of this chapter is to offer a contractarian defence of Moral Equality, the thesis that Just and Unjust Combatants do not wrong each other when they kill and maim each other in war. We ... More


Law and Morality

Adil Ahmad Haque

in Law and Morality at War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199687398
eISBN:
9780191767180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687398.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Conventionalists argue that combatants are legally and morally permitted to fight irrespective of their cause. Revisionists argue that combatants are not morally permitted to fight for an unjust ... More


The Equality of Combatants in Asymmetric War

Claire Finkelstein

in Weighing Lives in War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198796176
eISBN:
9780191837272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796176.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter considers the relationship between the principle of distinction and the idea that combatants are “morally equal” on the battlefield. This relationship is of particular interest, as well ... More


Embracing the “Fiction of Equality”: Grounding Equal Status and Categories of Fundamental Rights

Luis Cabrera

in The Humble Cosmopolitan: Rights, Diversity, and Trans-state Democracy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190869502
eISBN:
9780190869540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190869502.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses why political humility should be affirmed and promoted, even against some dominant societal norms. It takes as its departure point Ambedkar’s own core questions around moral ... More


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