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Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most of their history human beings have lived in comparatively small and close‐knit societies, with a primitive technology that allowed them to affect only their most immediate environment. Their ... More


Moral Enhancement as a Possible Way Out

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

To enable liberal democracies to stop human induced climatic and environmental deterioriation it is then necessary to morally enhance their citizens, to make them appropriately concerned about the ... More


Introduction

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

It is easier for us to harm each other than to benefit each other, e.g. easier to kill than to save life. The extraordinary progress of scientific technology has increased our powers of action so ... More


Why Radical Cognitive Enhancement Will (Probably) Enhance Moral Status

Nicholas Agar

in Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense of Limits

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026635
eISBN:
9780262318976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026635.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter proposes that some degree of biotechnological or cybernetic enhancement could enhance the moral status of human persons. It is likely to lead to post-persons, beings with moral status ... More


How to be Good: The Possibility of Moral Enhancement

John Harris

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198707592
eISBN:
9780191822001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707592.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How to be Good? is the pre-eminent question for ethics, although one that philosophers and ethicists seldom address head on. Knowing how to be good, or perhaps more modestly and more accurately, ... More


Moral Enhancement, Enhancement, and Sentiment

Gregory E. Kaebnick

in The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754855
eISBN:
9780191816352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the case for moral enhancement need not stand or fall depending on how one thinks about human enhancement in general. Indeed, one who is otherwise inclined to leave human ... More


Why Moral Status Enhancement Is a Morally Bad Thing

Nicholas Agar

in Truly Human Enhancement: A Philosophical Defense of Limits

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026635
eISBN:
9780262318976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026635.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter presents a moral argument for avoiding the creation of post-persons. Degrees of cognitive enhancement that risk moral status enhancement should, by implication, also be avoided. This ... More


Cognitive Enhancement: A Confucian Perspective from Taiwan

Kevin Chien-Chang Wu

in Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Literature on cognitive enhancement from a Confucian perspective has been lacking. This chapter reviews current debates on cognitive enhancement, such as risk/cost/benefit, freedom, autonomy, ... More


The Sociologist—James Hughes and the Many Paths of Moral Enhancement

Nicholas Agar

in Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014625
eISBN:
9780262289122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014625.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter presents arguments contending that the precautionary approach advises against the creation of any sort of human–posthuman society, something which can be achieved by refusing to create ... More


Moral Enhancement and Freedom

John Harris

in How to be Good: The Possibility of Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198707592
eISBN:
9780191822001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707592.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

God had important things to say on the subject of moral enhancement if God’s feelings on the subject have been reliably reported by John Milton. The verbatim account to be found in Paradise Lost is ... More


Moral Enhancement, Neuroessentialism, and Moral Content

Fabrice Jotterand

in Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

The conceptualization of morality by some proponents of moral bioenhancement requires particular epistemological commitments and neuroessentialist assumptions. This chapter examines these assumptions ... More


The Evolution of Moral Enhancement

Russell Powell and Allen Buchanan

in The Ethics of Human Enhancement: Understanding the Debate

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198754855
eISBN:
9780191816352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter summarizes the prevailing evolutionary explanation of morality, and shows that both ‘evoconservative’ and ‘evoliberal’ authors have relied upon this account in their discussions of moral ... More


Moral Progress and Moral Enhancement

John Harris

in How to be Good: The Possibility of Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198707592
eISBN:
9780191822001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707592.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter investigates the role of law and regulation on our freedom to act and to affect our conceptions of the good and concludes the dialogue begun in Chapters 6 and 7 with Ingmar Persson and ... More


Biomedical Moral Enhancement and Moral Progress

Allen Buchanan

in The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868413
eISBN:
9780190868444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868413.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter critically examines a different and highly provocative response to the thesis that evolved human moral psychology poses severe and inflexible limitations on moral progress: the ... More


Cognitive Enhancement in the Courtroom: The Ethics of Pharmacological Enhancement of Judicial Cognition

Jennifer A. Chandler and Adam M. Dodek

in Cognitive Enhancement: Ethical and Policy Implications in International Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199396818
eISBN:
9780199396825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396818.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

What would enhancing the cognition of judges mean, and what could be the basis for an obligation to do so? Some have asked whether such an obligation might be imposed for safety-critical occupations ... More


Moral Paternalism and Neurointerventions

Emma Bullock

in Treatment for Crime: Philosophical Essays on Neurointerventions in Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758617
eISBN:
9780191818530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758617.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A natural approach to justifying the coercive administration of morally enhancing neurointerventions is to appeal to a principle of moral paternalism. This chapter outlines the factors that need to ... More


Evaluating the Debate Thus Far over Moral Bioenhancement

Susan B. Levin

in Posthuman Bliss?: The Failed Promise of Transhumanism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190051495
eISBN:
9780190051525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190051495.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To avoid “ultimate harm,” or human extinction, Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu maintain that a species-wide, biological upgrade of human morality is required. To support their claim that we ... More


The God Machine, the God Delusion, and the Death of Liberty

John Harris

in How to be Good: The Possibility of Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198707592
eISBN:
9780191822001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707592.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A crucial issue both in the understanding of the nature of morality and for that reason also in the analysis of what might count as moral enhancement is the role of, indeed the nature of, moral ... More


Introduction

John Harris

in How to be Good: The Possibility of Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198707592
eISBN:
9780191822001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707592.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces the themes of the book and how they will be developed in succeeding chapters. It explains their importance and their relevance to understanding ethics and to addressing the ... More


What It’s Like to be Good: Individual Responsibility

John Harris

in How to be Good: The Possibility of Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198707592
eISBN:
9780191822001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707592.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses how the question: “how to be good?” differs from the question “how to do right?” and considers testing the hypothesis that someone is good, and what thinking about the exercise ... More


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