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Reason Alone and Moral Discrimination

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers a new account of why Hume thinks reason alone cannot be a motive to the will, and a new explanation of his claim that moral distinctions are not derived from reason. ‘Reason’ for ... More


Two Theories About the Cognitive Architecture Underlying Morality

Daniel Kelly and Stephen Stich

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter compares two theories about the cognitive architecture underlying morality. One theory, proposed by Sripada and Stich (2006), posits an interlocking set of innate mechanisms that ... More


Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Rachel Cohon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book interprets the moral philosophy of David Hume, focusing on two areas: his metaethics and the artificial virtues. The book first reinterprets Hume's claim that moral distinctions are not ... More


Norms with Feeling: Toward a Psychological Account of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A large tradition of work in moral psychology explores the capacity for moral judgment by focusing on the basic capacity to distinguish moral violations (e.g., hitting another person) from ... More


Commonsense Objectivism and the Persistence of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many philosophers maintain that common sense is committed to a kind of moral objectivism. This chapter exploits recent empirical work to defend this claim. The chapter also maintains that the account ... More


Terrorism and Several Moral Distinctions

F. M. Kamm

in The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199897520
eISBN:
9780199950249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897520.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter investigates various factors that may explain why the standard practice of terrorism is morally wrong, even if other forms of killing are occasionally permissible. It considers whether ... More


We’re All Connected: Science, Ethics, and the Law

Stephen Stich

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Though empirical claims have always played a prominent role in theories advanced by moral philosophers, until recently, findings in psychology, neuroscience, and evolutionary biology have made very ... More


Harming Some to Save Others

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Continues the consideration of when it is and is not permissible to kill some to save others, by presenting a new proposal (related to an earlier one made by the author) for a Principle of ... More


The Weight of Moral Reasons

Ralph Wedgwood

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 3

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685905
eISBN:
9780191765803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685905.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most of us believe the following two theses: (i) we are all subject to non-trivial moral requirements; and (ii) whenever we are subject to a moral requirement, we have overriding or compelling reason ... More


A Reappraisal of the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing

David K. Chan

in Action, Ethics, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014731
eISBN:
9780262289276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014731.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents the examples commonly used to support the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing (DDA) and then shows that they do not sufficiently provide a foundation for the doctrine. The DDA ... More


Choice and best interests: life-prolonging treatments

Fiona Randall and R. S. Downie

in End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines the concept of patient choice and best interest in relation to end of life care and life-prolonging treatments. It stresses the importance for professionals to understand the ... More


Psychopathy and Autism: The Limits of Regard

David Shoemaker

in Responsibility from the Margins

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198715672
eISBN:
9780191783364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715672.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses psychopaths and people with high functioning autism (HFA), especially with respect to their accountability. It has often been thought that we might draw rather sweeping ... More


Moral Empiricism

Shaun Nichols

in Rational Rules: Towards a Theory of Moral Learning

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198869153
eISBN:
9780191905667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198869153.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Is morality prewired into our minds? The idea that morality is built into us is an old one in philosophy, and it has seen a resurgence of late. Indeed, the prevailing systematic account of how we ... More


The Limits of Emotion in Moral Judgment

Joshua May

in The Many Moral Rationalisms

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198797074
eISBN:
9780191858291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797074.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that our best science supports the rationalist idea that, independent of reasoning, emotions are not integral to moral judgment. There is ample evidence that ordinary moral ... More


The Limits of Emotion

Joshua May

in Regard for Reason in the Moral Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198811572
eISBN:
9780191848452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811572.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Empirical research apparently suggests that emotions play an integral role in moral judgment. The evidence for sentimentalism is diverse, but it is rather weak and has generally been overblown. There ... More


Status

Shaun Nichols

in Rational Rules: Towards a Theory of Moral Learning

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198869153
eISBN:
9780191905667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198869153.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral judgments are often regarded as universally true, whereas judgments of taste are taken to be only true relative to some group or individual. How could such meta-evaluative assessments be ... More


The Case of Dostoevsky’s General: Some Ruminations on Forgiving the Unforgivable

Jeffrie G. Murphy

in Punishment and the Moral Emotions: Essays in Law, Morality, and Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199764396
eISBN:
9780190267575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199764396.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the moral question of forgiving the unforgivable, using Dostoevsky's story of a general's cruelty towards a child and thus its mother. Recognizing the Christian gospel of love, ... More


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