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 Objections and Replies

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to the following objections against pluralistic relativism: it is unable to explain moral disagreement; it undermines confidence in one’s moral commitments; it makes learning ... More


The Moral Evil Demons

Ralph Wedgwood

in Disagreement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226078
eISBN:
9780191594236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226078.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses moral disagreement and moral relativism, and places the long-standing discussion of these issues in the context of recent discussions of the epistemology of disagreement. It ... More


Moral Realism: A Defence

Russ Shafer-Landau

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a book in metaethics that defends a brand of moral realism known as non‐naturalism. The book has five Parts. Part I outlines the sort of moral realism that the author wishes to defend, and ... More


Disagreement

David Enoch

in Taking Morality Seriously: A Defense of Robust Realism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199579969
eISBN:
9780191729010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579969.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral disagreement is widely held to pose a threat for metaethical realism and objectivity. This chapter is an attempt at understanding how it is that moral disagreement is supposed to present a ... More


As a Matter of Fact: Empirical Perspectives on Ethics

John M. Doris and Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses character and virtue ethics, moral motivation, moral disagreement, and the role of thought experiments in ethics. Though it covers a lot of ground, the leitmotif that runs ... More


Contextual Arguments for Liberalism

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Contextual Arguments for Liberalism This chapter examines Rawls's essays published since A Theory of Justice and Charles Larmore's argument in Patterns of Moral Complexity, both of which reject the ... More


Rational Disagreement as a Challenge to Practical Ethics and Moral Theory: An Essay in Moral Epistemology

Robert Audi

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Moral disagreement — roughly, disagreement about what is right or wrong — is widely considered to be both common and sufficiently resistant to rational resolution to constitute a challenge to the ... More


Moral Testimony and Moral Disagreement

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If you want to have and to use moral understanding in a way that could result in morally worthy action, you must not place your trust in moral testimony, defer to moral experts, or suspend judgement ... More


Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Gilbert Harman

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the following questions: What accounts for the existence of basic moral disagreements? Why do most people think it is worse to injure someone than to fail to save them from injury? Where ... More


Rationality and Disagreement

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Distinguishes two strands of the classic antirealist argument from moral disagreement. The first has it that the extent of actual disagreement provides the basis of an inference to best explanation ... More


Ross and Rule‐Consequentialism

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

If lying and not lying will have exactly the same consequences, then, according to act-utilitarianism, it doesn't matter whether or not one lies. Ross claims that lying is prima facie wrong, or wrong ... More


Introduction

Bernard Gert

in Common Morality: Deciding What to Do

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195173710
eISBN:
9780199785926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173716.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introduction discusses the areas of widespread agreement about morality, and lists those features of rational human nature that account for it. The sources of unresolvable moral disagreement, ... More


Donagan's Kant

Thomas E. Hill

in Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Reviews at length Alan Donagan's Kantian ethical theory, as primarily expressed in his book, The Theory of Morality. Donagan's method of developing the theory by examining a tradition of ... More


The Foundations of Humanity

Roger Crisp

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter concerns the metaethical foundations of Jonathan Glover's project in Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century. It begins by outlining both Glover's doubts about so‐called ... More


The Nature of Moral Disagreement: Conflicting Ideals?

Michele S. Moses

in Living with Moral Disagreement: The Enduring Controversy about Affirmative Action

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226344249
eISBN:
9780226344416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226344416.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Philosophy and Theory of Education

This chapter focuses on the nature of moral disagreement in general and about affirmative action in particular. It examines how the ideals of equality and liberty may conflict, as well as the related ... More


Global Pluralism and Conflicting Political Moralities

Brad R. Roth

in Sovereign Equality and Moral Disagreement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195342666
eISBN:
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342666.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter articulates a defense of the sovereign equality regime's pluralism on the basis of the need for a global order to accommodate endemic moral disagreement. It argues that the pursuit of ... More


Law, Democracy and Moral Disagreement

ROBERT P. GEORGE

in In Defense of Natural Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198267713
eISBN:
9780191683343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267713.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter considers two particularly noteworthy recent efforts: Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson’s Democracy and Disagreement: Why Moral Conflict Cannot Be Avoided in Politics, and What Should Be ... More


Moral Perception

Robert Audi

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156484
eISBN:
9781400846320
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156484.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We can see a theft, hear a lie, and feel a stabbing. These are morally important perceptions. But are they also moral perceptions—distinctively moral responses? This book develops an original account ... More


MORAL INDIVIDUALISM: AUTONOMY AND AGREEMENT

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Moral individualism is the doctrine that rationality leaves room for the individualities or personalities of subjects to express themselves in the moral realm in an autonomous choice between idealism ... More


Contextualism, Moral Disagreement, and Proposition Clouds

Jussi Suikkanen

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 14

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841449
eISBN:
9780191876950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841449.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to contextualist theories in metaethics, when a moral term is used in a context, the context plays an ineliminable part in determining what natural property will be the semantic value of ... More


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