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EPILOGUE—(RO)BOT MINDS AND HUMAN ETHICS

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The richness of human moral decision making is underscored by the project of developing an artificial moral agent. This brief epilogue discusses how the project of designing artificial moral agents ... More


Character

Joel J. Kupperman

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096545
eISBN:
9780199852918
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096545.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We often speak of a person's character—good or bad, strong or weak—and think of it as a guide to how that person will behave in a given situation. Oddly, however, philosophers writing about ethics ... More


Dualism and the determination of action1

RICHARD SWINBURNE

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that it is most unlikely that neuroscientists will ever be able to predict human actions resulting from difficult moral decisions with any high degree of probable success. That ... More


A MORE HUMAN‐LIKE AMA

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a specific framework in which the rational and the supra‐rational capacities needed by artificial moral agents might be combined in a single machine that has artificial general ... More


Making Mortal Choices: Three Exercises in Moral Casuistry

Hugo Adam Bedau

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195108774
eISBN:
9780199852888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195108774.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book demonstrates the usefulness of “casuistry”, or “the method of cases” in arriving at moral decisions. It examines well-known cases that compel us to consider questions about who ought to ... More


BEYOND VAPORWARE?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A goal of machine morality is not just to raise many questions but to provide a resource for further development of artificial moral agents. Chapter 9 surveys software that is currently under ... More


WHY MACHINE MORALITY?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Artificial moral agents are necessary and inevitable. Innovative technologies are converging on sophisticated systems that will require some capacity for moral decision making. With the ... More


PHILOSOPHERS, ENGINEERS, AND THE DESIGN OF AMAS

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The architectures for artificial moral agents fall within two broad approaches: the top‐down imposition of an ethical theory, and the bottom‐up building of systems that aim at goals or standards that ... More


Free Will

Richard Swinburne

in Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

Contrary to language-of-thought theory and in agreement with connectionism, there could not be causal laws relating types of particular conscious events to types of particular brain events, but only ... More


Centrality

JOHN E. HARE

in The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God's Assistance

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269571
eISBN:
9780191683701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269571.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter argues against the so-called strength of desire principle and its relation to the issue of moral demand. This principle proposes that people can satisfy the requirement of justice by ... More


Moral Anxiety and Moral Agency

Charlie Kurth

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 5

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198744665
eISBN:
9780191808838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744665.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A familiar feature of moral life is the distinctive anxiety that we feel in the face of a moral dilemma or moral conflict. Situations like these require us to take stands on controversial issues. But ... More


Conscience and the Person

W. Norris Clarke, SJ

in The Creative Retrieval of Saint Thomas Aquinas: Essays in Thomistic Philosophy, New and Old

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229284
eISBN:
9780823236671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229284.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the relation between conscience and the person. Conscience refers to that “inner voice” that advises a person and commands him in the presence of a moral decision as to how to ... More


The God Machine, the God Delusion, and the Death of Liberty

John Harris

in How to be Good: The Possibility of Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198707592
eISBN:
9780191822001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707592.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A crucial issue both in the understanding of the nature of morality and for that reason also in the analysis of what might count as moral enhancement is the role of, indeed the nature of, moral ... More


Human Germline Therapy: Proper Human Responsibility or Playing God?

James J. Walter

in Design and Destiny: Jewish and Christian Perspectives on Human Germline Modification

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033732
eISBN:
9780262270632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033732.003.0081
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter investigates the question of human germline modification, and suggests that germline modification is defensible as consistent with a theological view of God’s creative and redemptive ... More


Basic Moral Skills

John J. Piderit

in Sexual Morality: A Natural Law Approach to Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199793273
eISBN:
9780190258313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199793273.003.0027
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter highlights four attributes or skills that contribute to making sound moral decisions: (i) self-control; (ii) knowledge of self and others; (iii) the ability to make a commitment; and ... More


Conclusion

Joseph Clair

in Discerning the Good in the Letters and Sermons of Augustine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757764
eISBN:
9780191817670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757764.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

The genre of letters and sermons is eminently practical. Augustine deploys the full power of this genre to hear and respond to the lives of his correspondents as they play out in everyday ... More


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