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The Moral Problem of Assurance

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that assurance problems may arise among morally motivated agents, and that these are of fundamental relevance for the political philosophy of “ideal theory.” It is argued that the ... More


Perfection, Moral Dilemmas, and Moral Cost

Micheal Slote

in The Impossibility of Perfection: Aristotle, Feminism, and the Complexities of Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199790821
eISBN:
9780199919185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790821.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral dilemmas involve situations where one cannot avoid wrongdoing, and moral cost, as the notion was introduced by Bernard Williams, means that one has wronged someone even while acting in a way ... More


Of Tastes and Values Ignored

Guido Calabresi

in The Future of Law and Economics: Essays in Reform and Recollection

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300195897
eISBN:
9780300216264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300195897.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines how economics treats—and should treat—tastes and values. It first considers those tastes, values, and resulting costs that many economists seem to ignore, or treat as irrational ... More


Of Merit Goods and Inequality

Guido Calabresi

in The Future of Law and Economics: Essays in Reform and Recollection

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300195897
eISBN:
9780300216264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300195897.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines merit goods whose allocation through the prevailing distribution of wealth is highly undesirable to a significant number of people. Many in our society believe that certain ... More


Criminal Liability

Richard Adelstein

in The Exchange Order: Property and Liability as an Economic System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190694272
eISBN:
9780190694302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190694272.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter distinguishes torts from crimes in terms of the moral costs created by crimes, discusses the nature and incidence of these costs and the problems of assigning liability prices to ... More


Of Merit Goods Generally: Specific Applications and Concluding Thoughts

Guido Calabresi

in The Future of Law and Economics: Essays in Reform and Recollection

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300195897
eISBN:
9780300216264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300195897.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explains what merit goods are, how they might best be handled, and why a society might well wish to handle them in ways other than by altering its general wealth distribution. It ... More


Moral Obligation and Epistemic Risk

Zoë Johnson King and Boris Babic

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 10

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198867944
eISBN:
9780191904578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867944.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter concerns pernicious predictive inferences: taking someone to be likely to possess a socially disvalued trait based on statistical information about the prevalence of that trait within a ... More


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