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Agency and Universal Law

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers some reflections about how the Formula of Universal Law (FUL) has been understood by those who think that it can provide substantive guidance about choice and action. If the FUL ... More


Non‐Human Animals, Humanity, and the Kingdom of Ends

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A strategy developed by Thomas E. Hill Jr. — that of using the kingdom of ends as a moral constructivist device for deliberating about specific moral questions — is adopted as a further interpretive ... More


Relativism

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Relativism is a bundle of different doctrines in ontology, semantics, epistemology, methodology, and ethics. This chapter starts with a defence of moderate moral relativism: morality is not a natural ... More


Reconstructing Moral Constructivism

Kenneth R. Westphal

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hume initiated a powerful and distinctive form of moral constructivism, which Kant adopted (via Rousseau) and further developed. Their form of moral constructivism identifies and justifies strictly ... More


How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Kenneth R. Westphal

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The differences between Hume’s and Kant’s moral philosophies are prominent in the literature. Focussing on them, however, occludes a decisive, shared achievement: a distinctive constructivist method ... More


Natural Law Constructivism and Rational Justification

Kenneth R. Westphal

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Uniquely, Natural Law Constructivism can resolve the key challenge to rational justification posed by the Pyrrhonian Dilemma of the Criterion. Hume’s and Kant’s constructivist method is both sound ... More


Constructivism, Contractarianism, and Basic Obligations

Kenneth R. Westphal

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kant’s Natural Law Constructivism affords an illuminating, powerful critique of Gauthier’s exemplary moral contractarianism. Hume’s and Kant’s Natural Law Constructivism is neutral regarding moral ... More


Objectivity, the Euthyphro Question, and Reconstructing Natural Law

Kenneth R. Westphal

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Central issues about objectivity and conventionalism are detailed by reconsidering Socrates’ question to Euthyphro about the status of piety and the gods’ love of piety; contemporary forms of moral ... More


Epistemological Foundations for Human Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter provides an historical explanation of the epistemological basis for autonomy rights. The history begins with Mill’s revolutionary social process epistemology in On Liberty. On Mill’s ... More


Kant’s Principles of Moral Constructivism

Kenneth R. Westphal

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The centrality of principles in Kant’s moral philosophy is examined: what is distinctively ‘Kantian’ about them, why Kant presents—in a special, ‘Critical’ sense—a ‘metaphysical’ system of moral ... More


Constructivism and the Argument from Autonomy

Robert Stern

in Kantian Ethics: Value, Agency, and Obligation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198722298
eISBN:
9780191789113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722298.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim in this chapter is to consider a particular line of criticism that has been used by constructivists to argue against moral realism, which is to claim that if moral realism were true, this ... More


Moral Scepticism, Constructivism, and the Value of Humanity

Robert Stern

in Kantian Ethics: Value, Agency, and Obligation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198722298
eISBN:
9780191789113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722298.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One argument that has been used by Christine Korsgaard and others in favour of constructivism, is that the constructivist is better able than the realist to avoid the threat of moral scepticism, ... More


Hume’s Construction of Justice

Kenneth R. Westphal

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 3 examines and reconstructs Hume’s account of the basic rules of justice, and how these rules count, on his view, as natural laws. It develops significantly further Baier’s (1991) insightful ... More


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