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Deontology

David McNaughton and Piers Rawling

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes a novel form of deontology that, while it contrasts with consequentialism in defending duties of special relationship and options, is allied with consequentialism in denying ... More


Natural Rights: Descriptive and Prescriptive

DAVID BOUCHER

in The Limits of Ethics in International Relations: Natural Law, Natural Rights, and Human Rights in Transition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199203529
eISBN:
9780191695490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203529.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the need to distinguish the descriptive and prescriptive traditions of natural rights. It contends that if either of the above has a claim to secularizing subjective rights, it ... More


The Most Personal Form of Private Governance: Individual Self-Governance

Edward Peter Stringham

in Private Governance: Creating Order in Economic and Social Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199365166
eISBN:
9780199366132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199365166.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In addition to relying on private external mechanisms, markets can also be enhanced when individuals internalize rules of good behavior. Ignored by strict neoclassical economists, the importance of ... More


Demandingness

Christine Swanton

in Virtue Ethics: A Pluralistic View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253883
eISBN:
9780191598517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253889.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows how virtue ethics can accommodate the sort of constraints on the realization of goals that are central to deontological ethics.


Is Evolved Human Nature an Obstacle to Moral Progress?

Allen Buchanan

in The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868413
eISBN:
9780190868444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868413.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter critically examines an important source of conservative skepticism about the possibility of moral progress: the hypothesis that our evolved moral psychology imposes rather narrow and ... More


Introduction

Samuel J. Kerstein

in How to Treat Persons

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199692033
eISBN:
9780191748813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692033.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter provides background both for the book’s development of Kantian normative principles, including a constraint on treating others merely as means and a command to respect the dignity of ... More


What Hobbes Left Out: The Neuroscience of Compassion and its Implications for a New Common-wealth

James D. Duffy

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Much has changed, and much has happened, in the four centuries since Hobbes wrote Leviathan. However, his jaundiced view of human nature and the necessity of enforced moral codes remains the dominant ... More


The Structure of Thresholds for Options

Samantha Brennan

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 8

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198828310
eISBN:
9780191867064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828310.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most of us accept that, even if morality requires us to promote the good, we do not have to live up to its demands all the time. Sometimes we can favor our own interests, or provide special benefit ... More


The Conceptual Possibility of Moral Criteria of Legal Validity

Kenneth Einar Himma

in Morality and the Nature of Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198723479
eISBN:
9780191790089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723479.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter gives a positive argument for the claim that the criteria of validity can incorporate moral constraints on the content of law. It thus concludes the defense of the Incorporation Thesis ... More


Introduction

Glenn Watkins

in Proof through the Night: Music and the Great War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520231580
eISBN:
9780520927896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231580.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

Music in every nation gave “proof through the night”—ringing evidence during the dark hours of the Great War of 1914–1918—not only of its historic role in the definition of nationhood and of ... More


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