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Moral conscience

Richard Sorabji

in Gandhi and the Stoics: Modern Experiments on Ancient Values

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644339
eISBN:
9780191745812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644339.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Greek expression for conscience meant in the 5th century BCE: sharing with oneself, as if one were split into two, knowledge of a personal defect, not yet always a moral one. The Christian Saint ... More


As If God Existed

Maurizio Viroli

in As If God Existed: Religion and Liberty in the History of Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142357
eISBN:
9781400845514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142357.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the writings of Ernesto Rossi, who recognized the absolute authority of moral conscience and posited it as the foundation of his religious conception of life. Sentenced to ... More


Liberty and the Just Moral Conscience

Robert Devigne

in Reforming Liberalism: J.S. Mill's Use of Ancient, Religious, Liberal, and Romantic Moralities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300112429
eISBN:
9780300133905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300112429.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines and analyzes Mill's focus on Plato's attempt to reconcile the goals of creative, wise individuals and the universal good. In On Liberty, for instance, Mill's central argument ... More


Global Social Justice: The Moral Responsibilities of the Rich to the Poor

Shirley Williams

in Making Globalization Good: The Moral Challenges of Global Capitalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257010
eISBN:
9780191596223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257019.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Shirley Williams looks more specifically at the moral issues surrounding the global distribution of resources, capabilities, and incomes. She is highly critical of some of the economic policies and ... More


Exemptions for Conscience

Simon Căbulea May

in Religion in Liberal Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198794394
eISBN:
9780191835896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794394.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The Moral Conscience principle claims that a conflict between the demands of a law and the demands of an individual’s sincere moral conscience provides her with a defeasible moral entitlement to an ... More


The Statistical Beginnings of Historical Thought: Joseph de Maistre against Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 1794–96

Carolina Armenteros

in The French Idea of History: Joseph de Maistre and His Heirs, 1794-1854

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449437
eISBN:
9780801462597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449437.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes the genesis of Maistrian historical thought in De l'état de nature and De la souveraineté du people (1794–96), two essays that refute Jean-Jacques Rousseau and contain most of ... More


Rinrigaku and Religion: The Formation and Fluidity of Moral Subjectivity

Richard M Reitan

in Making a Moral Society: Ethics and the State in Meiji Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832940
eISBN:
9780824870591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832940.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the fluidity of moral subjectivity by juxtaposing rinrigaku texts with moral writings by religious apologists. More specifically, it considers the conflict between the ... More


Conscience: The Most Intimate Alterity: Ricoeur, Heidegger, Levinas

Françoise Dastur and Robert Vallier

in Questions of Phenomenology: Language, Alterity, Temporality, Finitude

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780823233731
eISBN:
9780823277070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233731.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that what makes the character of moral conscience paradigmatic as the experience of alterity and passivity is that the dimension of affirmation originally constitutes it and is ... More


Colors of Veracity: A Quest for Truth in China and Beyond

Vera Schwarcz

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838737
eISBN:
9780824868857
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838737.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Drawing upon classical sources in Hebrew and Chinese (as well as some in Greek and Japanese) Colors of Veracity sets out to expand the “lexicon” for veracity in our time. With poetic attentiveness to ... More


Contempt, Futility, and Exemption

Kevin Vallier and Michael Weber

in Religious Exemptions

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190666187
eISBN:
9780190666217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190666187.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Exemptions from laws of general application are sometimes granted on the basis of an individual’s unwillingness to comply with the law. Most such volitional exemptions involve a conflict between the ... More


Metaphors of Mindlessness

Eric Reinders

in Borrowed Gods and Foreign Bodies: Christian Missionaries Imagine Chinese Religion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520241718
eISBN:
9780520931084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241718.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter shows how Chinese people were represented by Western missionaries as mindless and “body-ful”. It explains that this attitude of missionaries toward the foreign mind appears in various ... More


Dean of St. Paul’s

W. R. Matthews

in The Moral Argument: A History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190246365
eISBN:
9780190246396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190246365.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

W. R. Matthews found the moral argument (along with the teleological argument) the most persuasive of all the theistic arguments. He reflects upon the “moral evolution of mankind” and asks what it ... More


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