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Reasons as Defaults

John F. Horty

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744077
eISBN:
9780199932566
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744077.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Although the study of reasons plays an important role in both epistemology and moral philosophy, little attention has been devoted to the question of how, exactly, reason interact to support the ... More


Freedom and Reason

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Concerns the apparent antinomy between freedom and reason. Rationality appears to be a restraint on freedom, whereas freedom seems to be incompatible with rationality. Rejecting rationality to ... More


Moral conflicts

John F. Horty

in Reasons as Defaults

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744077
eISBN:
9780199932566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744077.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter appraises the possibility of all things considered moral conflicts. The chapter considers three kinds of objections to the possibility, based on considerations from deontic logic, on ... More


Resolving Moral Conflicts: British Idealist and Contemporary Liberal Approaches to Value Pluralism and Moral Conduct

Maria Dimova‐Cookson (ed.)

in T. H. Green: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199271665
eISBN:
9780191709364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271665.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter links the problems posed by value pluralism with those posed by moral conflict and aims to apply the solutions T. H. Green offers to the latter in the case of the former. The argument is ... More


Introduction: Moral Conflict, Political Liberalism, and Islamic Ethics

Andrew F. March

in Islam and Liberal Citizenship: The Search for an Overlapping Consensus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195330960
eISBN:
9780199868278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter states the aims of the book: its core question of the compatibility between formal Islamic doctrine and liberal citizenship It emphasizes how this book differs from historical, ... More


Did Aristotle and Kant Produce Moral “Theories”?

Robert B. Louden

in Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072921
eISBN:
9780199852925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072921.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses some of Aristotle and Kant's remarks about the nature of their own work in ethics in an attempt to show that their conceptions of moral theory differ strongly from the idea of ... More


Moral Conflicts: What They Are and What They Show

Michael Stocker

in Plural and Conflicting Values

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240556
eISBN:
9780191598463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240554.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philosophers commonly argue that conflicts of values are deeply problematic for ethical theories in so far as they force the theories into impracticality, incompleteness, or irrealism. To be ... More


Moral Realism and Moral Dilemma

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues against two articles of Bernard Williams in which he attacks moral realism. In the first (Ethical Consistency), Williams finds a disanalogy between judgements of matters of fact and moral ... More


Challenging Harmony: Consistency, Conflicts, and the Status Quo

Stephen C. Angle

in Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385144
eISBN:
9780199869756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385144.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is organized around challenges from Martha Nussbaum, Karen Stohr, and Diana Myers. Does a commitment to harmony entail an unhealthy desire for consistency and unity in one's life and ... More


Moral Conflicts

R. M. Hare

in Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare introduces a distinction between two levels of moral thinking; the first being the intuitive and the second being the critical. These levels of moral thinking are concerned with moral questions ... More


Dirty Hands and Ordinary Life

Michael Stocker

in Plural and Conflicting Values

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240556
eISBN:
9780191598463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240554.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A dirty hands case is (1) justified, (2) obligatory or permissible, and (3) morally wrong. It is argued that dirty hands are conceptually unproblematic and that they are instances of ordinary ... More


Plural and Conflicting Values

Michael Stocker

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240556
eISBN:
9780191598463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240554.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The central concern of this book is whether plural and incommensurable values necessarily result in unsolvable conflict and whether this conflict poses special problems for ethical theories. The view ... More


Introduction I: Moral Conflicts and Deontology

Matthew H. Kramer

in Torture and Moral Integrity: A Philosophical Enquiry

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714200
eISBN:
9780191782664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714200.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Human Rights and Immigration

After briefly adumbrating the structure of the book as a whole, this chapter addresses some important matters in the more abstract reaches of moral philosophy. It disambiguates several key concepts ... More


Hegel’s Conception of Tragedy

Robert R. Williams

in Tragedy, Recognition, and the Death of God: Studies in Hegel and Nietzsche

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656059
eISBN:
9780191744846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656059.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Hegel’s concept of tragedy from his Early Theological Writings, through the Phenomenology of Spirit to his Lectures on Aesthetics. Through the action of the tragic hero the main ... More


Moral Dilemmas and Impossible Moral Requirements

Lisa Tessman

in Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199396146
eISBN:
9780199396160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396146.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 1 introduces the concepts of impossible moral requirements and unavoidable moral failure by reviewing and rethinking the philosophical debates about whether or not any moral conflicts are ... More


Moral Conflict and Moral Deficiency

R. S. Downie and K. C. Calman

in Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192624086
eISBN:
9780191723728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624086.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Conflict can occur within the team dealing with patient care, and between professional and patient opinion on treatment. This chapter suggests ways of dealing with both kinds of conflict. ... More


Moral Theory

John W. Lango

in The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, the question of why just war principles should be accepted is explored. Central to the chapter is a discussion of how just war principles can be elucidated by means of general moral ... More


A Moral Argument

R. M. Hare

in Freedom and Reason

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines the nature of moral argument and how arguments might be brought to a conclusion. It is argued that moral reasoning is a kind of exploration akin to Karl Popper's concept of deduction; the ... More


Hume’s Moral Pluralism

Michael B. Gill

in Humean Moral Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714033
eISBN:
9780191782480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

David Hume argues for a pluralist view of morality. According to his pluralist view, there are different ultimate moral ends, those different moral ends can come into conflict with each other, and ... More


Torture and Moral Integrity: A Philosophical Enquiry

Matthew H. Kramer

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714200
eISBN:
9780191782664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714200.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Torture and Moral Integrity is about the wrongness of torture and about the nature of morality. It lengthily discusses multiple types of torture with great philosophical acuity, and it seeks to ... More


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