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Morality

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book opens with the suggestion that a fundamental question in philosophical normative ethics concerns what each of us has reason to do. That leads one immediately into the issue of whether we ... More


Sensibility Saved

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents and defends an emotionist theory known as sensibility theory. It argues that sensibility theories can explain some central folk intuitions about the nature of morality. However, ... More


Literature and Moral Understanding: A Philosophical Essay on Ethics, Aesthetics, Education, and Culture

Frank Palmer

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242321
eISBN:
9780191680441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242321.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

Recent philosophical discussion about the relation between fiction and reality pays little heed to our moral involvement with literature. This book investigates how our appreciation of literary works ... More


Neurobiological Reductionism and Free Will

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

in Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Free will is taken as a prerequisite for moral responsibility. The tangled history of debates over its meaning and existence is briefly reviewed. The principal aim of this chapter is to eliminate one ... More


Intuitions in Moral Inquiry

Michael R. DePaul

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with a weak understanding of intuitions as beliefs that do not result from more familiar sources, but that the person currently holds simply because the proposition believed seems ... More


Moral Construction as a Task: Sources and Limits

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Initially written for a conference on “objectivity” and “relativism” in ethics, this chapter distinguishes six different questions that fall under these general headings, and it comments briefly on ... More


Good and Evil, Joy and Pain

Krzysztof Michalski

in The Flame of Eternity: An Interpretation of Nietzsche's Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143460
eISBN:
9781400840212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143460.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter posits an understanding of Nietzsche's “genealogy of morals.” The genealogy of morals is an attempt to show the dynamic hidden behind our moral concepts, the intractable tension that ... More


Emotion and Intuition as Sources of Moral Judgment

Robert Audi

in Moral Perception

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156484
eISBN:
9781400846320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156484.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines how moral perception is possible for virtually any normal person with an elementary mastery of moral concepts. But moral perception is by no means the only route to moral ... More


The Deontic Relevance of Motives

Steven Sverdlik

in Motive and Rightness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199594948
eISBN:
9780191725401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594948.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The topic of the deontic relevance of motives is introduced: can the motive of an action ever be the reason, or part of the reason, that the action is morally right or wrong? The deontic concepts of ... More


Fraud

STUART P GREEN

in Lying, Cheating, and Stealing: A Moral Theory of White-Collar Crime

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199225804
eISBN:
9780191708411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225804.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Employment Law

The concept of fraud is ubiquitous in white-collar criminal law, reflecting a protean and proliferating range of meanings. Not only are the fraud offenses among the most frequently charged, but they ... More


Against the Mixed View: Part II

Terence Cuneo

in Speech and Morality: On the Metaethical Implications of Speaking

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198712725
eISBN:
9780191781063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712725.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The argument in Chapter 3 hinges on the assumption that moral concepts function descriptively, standing for moral properties. Some philosophers, such as expressivists, reject this assumption, holding ... More


Young Children’s Moral and Social-Conventional Understanding

Judith G. Smetana

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0065
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

It is typically assumed that moral and social rules are acquired through socialization—that is, that parents, teachers, and other adults shape children's values and beliefs by serving as role models, ... More


From Enlightenment to Receptivity

Michael Slote

in From Enlightenment to Receptivity: Rethinking Our Values

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199970704
eISBN:
9780199333301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970704.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What was said in part I in criticism of Enlightenment thought can also and more deeply be said by invoking receptivity. Epistemological and moral rationalism show a deficiency of receptivity to ... More


Ethics for Everyone: A Skills-Based Approach

Larry R. Churchill

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190080891
eISBN:
9780190080907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080891.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book argues that an ethical life is more about mastering basic skills than applying theories. It describes the basic skills as follows: interrogating our moral prehistories; taming moral vanity ... More


The Feeling of Morality

Diane Jeske

in The Evil Within: Why We Need Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190685379
eISBN:
9780190685409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685379.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Emotions play a critical role in both moral deliberation and moral action. Understanding the emotions and how they ought to interact with theoretical principles is an important part of fulfilling our ... More


Francis Hutcheson’s Philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment: Reception, Reputation, and Legacy

Daniel Carey

in Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century, Volume I: Morals, Politics, Art, Religion

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199560677
eISBN:
9780191761300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560677.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents an account of the life and work of Francis Hutcheson. It charts his career from its beginnings in Dublin to the attempt to cement his place in British intellectual life that was ... More


Disagreement, Correctness, and the Evidence for Metaethical Absolutism

Gunnar Björnsson

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 10

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738695
eISBN:
9780191802515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738695.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Metaethical absolutism is the view that moral concepts have non-relative satisfaction conditions that are constant across judges and their particular beliefs, attitudes, and cultural embedding. Two ... More


The Frontiers of Ethics

Dale Jamieson

in Reason in a Dark Time: Why the Struggle Against Climate Change Failed -- and What It Means for Our Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199337668
eISBN:
9780199357468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337668.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Climate ethicists say that climate change is a problem of rich people appropriating more than their share of a global public good and as a result harming poor people by causally contributing to ... More


Moral Concepts

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume One

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572809
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572809.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of moral concepts, such as acting in ignorance or with false beliefs. Before considering which acts are wrong, it explains what we mean by ‘wrong’, ... More


How We Become What We Are: Nietzsche’s Genealogy of Morals

Roy Brand

in LoveKnowledge: The Life of Philosophy from Socrates to Derrida

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160445
eISBN:
9780231530842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160445.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Friedrich Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals, in which he states that philosophy shapes the material of life into a beautiful and interesting existence. The problem for Nietzsche ... More


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