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Introduction

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What is a theory of virtue about? It is about what constitutes a good moral character, or a good quality of character. It is not about what makes an action right or wrong, though virtuous people ... More


Excellence in Being for the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Virtue, comprehensively considered, is intrinsic excellence of persisting moral character, and excellence of moral character must be excellence in being for what is good. This chapter elaborates the ... More


Is the Good Will Reading Just Too Hard to Swallow?

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Despite the evidence for the good will reading of the humanity formulation, many readers will find it unpalatable. It may seem that if good will is the end in itself, then the humanity formulation ... More


Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Thomas Schramme (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychopathy has been the subject of investigations in both philosophy and psychiatry and yet the conceptual issues remain largely unresolved. This volume approaches psychopathy by considering the ... More


Education

Robert B. Louden

in The World We Want: How and Why the Ideals of the Enlightenment Still Elude Us

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195321371
eISBN:
9780199869787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321371.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that the Enlightenment's biggest success in the field of education has been in convincing future generations to make school and university education more accessible to vastly ... More


The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob

Curley Edwin

in Divine Evil?: The Moral Character of the God of Abraham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199576739
eISBN:
9780191595165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576739.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that the moral character of God, as portrayed in the Scriptures he is supposed to have inspired, is a reasonable test of the claim that those Scriptures convey a divine ... More


Voluntariness, Praiseworthiness, and Character

Susan Sauvé Meyer

in Aristotle on Moral Responsibility: Character and Cause

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697427
eISBN:
9780191732072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697427.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers Aristotle's own explanation of why he includes a discussion of voluntariness in his discussion of moral character. The connection he sees between voluntariness and the ... More


MERGING TOP‐DOWN AND BOTTOM‐UP

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The topic of this chapter is the application of virtue ethics to the development of artificial moral agents. The difficulties of applying general moral theories in a top‐down fashion to artificial ... More


The Character of Evil

Phillip Cole

in The Myth of Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748622009
eISBN:
9780748671908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622009.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the ‘Virtue Ethics’ approach to the problem of evil, which focuses on the idea of ‘character’ – certain individuals have a character which leads to them perform evil actions. It ... More


Divine Evil?: The Moral Character of the God of Abraham

Michael Bergmann, Michael J. Murray, and Michael C. Rea (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199576739
eISBN:
9780191595165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576739.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Numerous critics of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have argued that God, especially in the Hebrew Bible, is often portrayed as morally vicious. For example, historical narratives in these texts ... More


Justifying Mitigation Morally

Jeremy Horder

in Provocation and Responsibility

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198256960
eISBN:
9780191681707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198256960.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter deals with explanations that have been given by leading commentators for the key justificatory characteristic of the doctrine of provocation, and with the concepts of anger that underpin ... More


The Formation of Character

Christopher Janaway

in Images of Excellence: Plato's Critique of the Arts

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237921
eISBN:
9780191597800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237928.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Concerns Plato's discussion in Republic Books 2 and 3 of the role of the arts in education in his ideal city. He advocates widespread censorship of poetry, including the works of Homer, on the ... More


Force, Compulsion, and the Internal Origin of Action

Susan Sauvé Meyer

in Aristotle on Moral Responsibility: Character and Cause

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697427
eISBN:
9780191732072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697427.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers Aristotle's differing verdicts, in the different ethical works, on whether compelled actions are voluntary. In the EE and the MM Aristotle classifies such actions as ... More


The Moral and Legal Consequences of Wife Selling in The Mayor of Casterbridge

Julie C. Suk

in Subversion and Sympathy: Gender, Law, and the British Novel

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199812042
eISBN:
9780199315888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812042.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Thomas Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge opens with a famous episode in which a poor hay trusser, Michael Henchard, sells his wife, Susan, by impulsively putting her up for auction in a public ... More


Conclusion: Karl Barth and Christian Ethics Today

NIGEL BIGGAR

in The Hastening that Waits: Karl Barth's Ethics

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198264576
eISBN:
9780191682728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264576.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter begins with a discussion of Barth's ethics. It then addresses the question: How should Christian moralists today respond to Barth's ethics? The answer is that they should discard some of ... More


Personality Science and the Foundations of Character

William Fleeson, R. Michael Furr, Eranda Jayawickreme, Erik G. Helzer, Anselma G. Hartley, and Peter Meindl

in Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190204600
eISBN:
9780190204624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204600.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Chapter 2 offers an overview of the psychology of character and describes how the recent renaissance in personality research has led to renewed interest in the study of character and its relation to ... More


Understanding the Importance and Perceived Structure of Moral Character

Geoffrey P. Goodwin, Jared Piazza, and Paul Rozin

in Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190204600
eISBN:
9780190204624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204600.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Chapter 4 considers the importance of moral character in the impressions and evaluations we form of other people in our daily lives, reporting on recent research showing that moral character is ... More


Global Moralities, Local Responses: Interpreting Sexual Morality and Social Belonging in Uganda

Joanna Sadgrove

in Strings Attached: AIDS and the Rise of Transnational Connections in Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265680
eISBN:
9780191771910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265680.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Kampala is just one place where the AIDS pandemic has generated a plethora of contradictory codes for the sexual behaviour of young people, influenced by a range of transnational actors. Yet amidst ... More


Moral Paternalism and Neurointerventions

Emma Bullock

in Treatment for Crime: Philosophical Essays on Neurointerventions in Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758617
eISBN:
9780191818530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758617.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A natural approach to justifying the coercive administration of morally enhancing neurointerventions is to appeal to a principle of moral paternalism. This chapter outlines the factors that need to ... More


Nostromo and the fragility of the self

Alan H. Goldman

in Philosophy and the Novel

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199674459
eISBN:
9780191752377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674459.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

In showing us how moral character can disintegrate, Nostromo teaches us the necessary conditions for its development and maintenance. None of the characters in the novel can sustain a strong and ... More


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