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Moral Belief and the Possibility of Error

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A contextualist defence of cognitivism is open to the charge that it cannot supply a convincing theory of error for when moral judgements diverge. This chapter rebuts this concern: conditions have ... More


Metaphor and Moral Experience

A. E. Denham

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This book examines the parallels between moral and metaphorical discourse, and the ways in which our engagement with literary art, and metaphorical discourse in particular, informs our moral beliefs. ... More


Against Moral Cognitivism

John Bricke

in Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250111
eISBN:
9780191681240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250111.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The typical moral cognitivist holds that specifically moral beliefs — beliefs with explicitly evaluative moral content — can, and often in fact do, play an essential explanatory role. While admitting ... More


Epistemology and Ethics

Noah Lemos

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ”Epistemology and Ethics,” Noah Lemos suggests that moral epistemology is mainly concerned with “whether and how we can have knowledge or justified belief” about moral issues. After addressing ... More


Moral Skepticisms

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Skepticisms provides a detailed overview of moral epistemology, addressing such profound questions as: Are any moral beliefs true? Are any justified? Is moral knowledge possible? ... More


Introduction

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This book explores questions regarding the metaphysics of morals and moral epistemology, as well as questions in the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language. In particular, it addresses the ... More


. Reason, Imagination, and Moral Experience

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The epistemic status of moral discourse turns in part on the explanation of divergent moral beliefs. Whether differences of moral opinion there are best explained by a failure accurately to represent ... More


Morality Adrift

Christian Smith

in Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199828029
eISBN:
9780199919475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828029.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter begins the exploration of some of the more unsettling aspects of contemporary emerging adult life by focusing on the question of morality, moral beliefs, and moral reasoning. What do ... More


The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior

David C. Rose

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199781744
eISBN:
9780199919116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781744.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This book explains why moral beliefs can and likely do play an important role in the development and operation of market economies. It shows why the maximization of general prosperity requires that ... More


A case study of neuroethics: the nature of moral judgment

Adina Roskies

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes one particular neuroethical project in more depth, in order to provide a glimpse of what a neuroethical analysis might look like and the kinds of issues that such an analysis ... More


Philosophy of religion in the twentieth century

Stewart Sutherland

in A Century of Theological and Religious Studies in Britain, 1902-2002

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263051
eISBN:
9780191734090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263051.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter discusses the philosophy of religion during the twentieth century. The influence of Immanuel Kant and David Hume on the discussion of theological and religious issues by philosophers is ... More


Moral Goodness

Richard Swinburne

in Responsibility and Atonement

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248491
eISBN:
9780191598555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248490.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter distinguishes various kinds of moral goodness. Actions may be objectively good and/or subjectively good; and they may be supererogatory or obligatory. Actions may be objectively or ... More


Introduction

David C. Rose

in The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199781744
eISBN:
9780199919116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781744.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter outlines the book’s unusual approach. Rather than compare characteristics of moral beliefs to levels of economic performance across societies, it undertakes a thought experiment launched ... More


Moral Awareness

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Human souls unlike animal ones have moral beliefs, universalizable beliefs of a certain kind about what is best to do Hence, they have a conscience that urges them to do some actions and not others. ... More


‘As Kant has Shown…’: Analytic Theology and the Critical Philosophy

Andrew Chignell

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explains Kant's attitude towards analytic theology, in particular his reasons for thinking that the results of such a practice will have the status of Belief. The goal is more than ... More


Revelation of the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

in Finite and Infinite Goods: A Framework for Ethics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153712
eISBN:
9780199869381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153715.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes a doxastic practice epistemology for ethics, holding that we rightly, and probably inescapably, rely on belief‐forming dispositions that we have formed in learning social ... More


Truth and Beyond

Christian F. R. Illies

in The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter puts aside the epistemological level of discourse and outlines the reach of the argument from normative consistency. It shows how the argument from normative consistency can provide an ... More


Conclusions: The Need for Change

Simona Giordano

in Understanding Eating Disorders: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199269747
eISBN:
9780191603129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269742.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This conclusive chapter summarises the content of each chapter. It argues that helping people with eating disorders means questioning ordinary moral values and beliefs. The focus should shift from ... More


Trust

David C. Rose

in The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199781744
eISBN:
9780199919116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781744.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter compares trust behavior derived from moral beliefs that comport with the moral foundation to trust behavior as conceived under existing theories of trust. It shows that whereas ... More


Moral Perception: Causal, Phenomenological, and Epistemological Elements

Robert Audi

in Moral Perception

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156484
eISBN:
9781400846320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156484.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes how perception is a kind of experiential information-bearing relation between the perceiver and the object perceived. It argues that even if moral properties are not themselves ... More


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