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A Theory of Moral Choice

Kristen Renwick Monroe

in Ethics in an Age of Terror and Genocide: Identity and Moral Choice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151373
eISBN:
9781400840366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151373.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter contemplates the broader themes and implications of this work and constructs a new theory of moral choice. Most existing theories designed to guide moral behavior and examine the ethical ... More


Can Simple Heuristics Explain Moral Inconsistencies?

Nadine Fleischhut and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

From virtue theory to moral psychology to behavioral economics, a range of disciplines have explained behavior in moral situations by states of the individual mind, such as character traits, moral ... More


Animals, Emotions, and Moral Behavior

Mark Rowlands

in Can Animals Be Moral?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199842001
eISBN:
9780199979844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842001.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter is an introduction to the basic thesis of the book: the possibility of moral action in animals. It explains precisely what this thesis is: animals can act for moral reasons, where these ... More


Musical Morality

Peter Kivy

in Antithetical Arts: On the Ancient Quarrel Between Literature and Music

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562800
eISBN:
9780191721298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562800.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter examines the moral claims of absolute music. It argues that absolute music shares with many other human activities the propensity to produce, in human beings, a kind of ecstasy that ... More


Kant’s Ethics

G. A. Cohen

Jonathan Wolff (ed.)

in Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149004
eISBN:
9781400848713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149004.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines Immanuel Kant's ethics, and particularly his views on reason and faith. According to Thomas Aquinas, there were two avenues whereby men could come to possess knowledge: the way ... More


Utilitarianism and Rights

Kaushik Basu

in Prelude to Political Economy: A Study of the Social and Political Foundations of Economics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296713
eISBN:
9780191595943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296711.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines utilitarianism and consequentialism as moral principles of decision-making, and the scope of rights and individual liberty. It argues that it is possible to distinguish between ... More


Neuroscience, Free Will, and Responsibility

Deborah Talmi and Chris D. Frith

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reinterprets Libet's results in light of a distinction between Type 1 and Type 2 mental processing. It uses this framework to explain why we have a conscious experience of our own free ... More


Behavioral Ethics

Herbert Gintis

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Philosophical views about morality have traditionally been supported by abstract reasoning and introspection, with, at best, passing reference to actual human behavior. Behavioral ethics develops ... More


Why an Evolutionary Perspective is Critical to Understanding Moral Behavior in Humans

Sarah F. Brosnan

in Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199669776
eISBN:
9780191778650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669776.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is sometimes argued that moral behavior and concern for others set humans apart from other species. Yet other species share some of these behaviors. Studying them helps us to understand the ... More


Rhetoric, Reality, and Results: The Reagan Years at Home

Michael Schaller

in Reckoning with Reagan: America and Its President in the 1980s

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195090499
eISBN:
9780199854196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090499.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the impact of U.S. President Ronald Reagan's administration of the local political and social condition. Reagan had an impact on American society and government that was both ... More


The Holy Family

Lyndal Roper

in The Holy Household: Women and Morals in Reformation Augsburg

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202806
eISBN:
9780191675522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202806.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter emphasizes the qualities and values that a family should practice to be holy. The Reformation era made a very big impact in Augsburg in terms of individual and collective moral ... More


Democratic Religion Transformed

Gregory A. Wills

in Democratic Religion: Freedom, Authority, and Church Discipline in the Baptist South, 1785-1900

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195160994
eISBN:
9780199849574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160994.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses the decline of Southern Baptist church discipline. By the 1920s, Southern Baptist church discipline had disappeared. Although a few isolated churches kept up the practice well ... More


The Holy Trinity: The State of the Questions

Gerald O'Collins

in The Trinity: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Trinity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246120
eISBN:
9780191600531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246122.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Gerald O’Collins picks out and comments on twelve issues in current literature about the Trinity: the widespread desire to ‘rehabilitate’ the centrality of trinitarian faith; the biblical witness ... More


Shame, Legislation, and Subordination

Julien A. Deonna, Raffaele Rodogno, and Fabrice Teroni

in In Defense of Shame: The Faces of an Emotion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793532
eISBN:
9780199928569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793532.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

We consider the role of shame in explaining and/or justifying the regulation of certain practices by means of both legal and social pressure. We begin by focusing on the nature of the connection ... More


The Knowledge of God as Father and Adoption as Sons

Peter Widdicombe

in The Fatherhood of God from Origen to Athanasius

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242481
eISBN:
9780191697111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242481.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the relation between the Father and those adopted as sons. Origen thinks that although God is Father we can only come to know him as Father through our participation in the ... More


Mind attribution is for morality

Liane Young and Adam Waytz

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Mental state reasoning is crucial for moral evaluation and social interaction. In the first half of the paper, we discuss recent and ongoing work on mental state reasoning for moral evaluation – ... More


The Moral Dimension: Commonality and Particularity

Yaacov Shavit

in Athens in Jerusalem: Classical Antiquity and Hellenism in the Making of the Modern Secular Jew

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774259
eISBN:
9781800340879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774259.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion in the Ancient World

This chapter emphasizes that it was the ethical (moral) basis of Judaism that was now seen as separating Jews from non-Jews. Moreover, it stresses that the Greek mirror played an important role in ... More


Character and Coherence: Testing the Stability of Naturalistically Observed Daily Moral Behavior

Matthias R. Mehl, Kathryn L. Bollich, John M. Doris, and Simine Vazire

in Character: New Directions from Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190204600
eISBN:
9780190204624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204600.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Chapter 29 engages with the person-situation debate in social psychology to shed light on the existence of moral character from a particular measurement perspective—namely, naturalistic observation. ... More


A New Christianity for the People: German Sermons, Part 1

Kurt Flasch

in Meister Eckhart: Philosopher of Christianity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300204865
eISBN:
9780300216370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300204865.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines Meister Eckhart's German sermons, in which he reflects on a reform of Christianity, a new philosophy of nature, and ethics. It first considers Eckhart's views about the grounds ... More


Ethical Issues

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines whether brain impairment should be used in the determination of criminal responsibility. Most people feel comfortable with the idea that authority should not punish individuals ... More


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