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Legislating for a Realm of Ends: The Social Dimension of Autonomy

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter uses the connection between Kant's conception of autonomy and his concept of a realm of ends to explore a number of issues about the nature of autonomy. It begins by developing some ... More


EPILOGUE—(RO)BOT MINDS AND HUMAN ETHICS

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The richness of human moral decision making is underscored by the project of developing an artificial moral agent. This brief epilogue discusses how the project of designing artificial moral agents ... More


Conclusion

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a few concluding remarks about the goal of achieving a greater consensus in our judgements of moral status. It argues that adopting a multi-criterial theory of moral status does ... More


Applying the Principles

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reviews the principles proposed in Chapter 6. The first three principles refer to nested classes of entities: living organisms, sentient beings, and moral agents. Beings of each class ... More


Morality and Practical Reason:: A Kantian Approach

Stephen Darwall

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A central theme of Kant’s approach to moral philosophy is that moral obligations are categorical, by which he means that they provide supremely authoritative reasons for acting independently of an ... More


Part II The Moral Theory

Bernard Gert

in Common Morality: Deciding What to Do

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195173710
eISBN:
9780199785926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173716.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part II contains a justification of the moral system that shows that all rational persons who limit their beliefs to those shared by all other moral agents, and who seek agreement with them, will put ... More


Individual Autonomy and Civil Liberties

Joseph Chan

in Confucian Perfectionism: A Political Philosophy for Modern Times

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158617
eISBN:
9781400848690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158617.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter introduces a new Confucian perfectionist approach to individual autonomy and civil liberties. Confucianism has often been criticized for failing to recognize individual autonomy. But ... More


Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The human‐built environment is increasingly being populated by artificial agents that, through artificial intelligence (AI), are capable of acting autonomously. The software controlling these ... More


Introduction

John Bricke

in Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250111
eISBN:
9780191681240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250111.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Absence of agreement on the most fundamental questions concerning the interpretation of David Hume's views on mind and morality complements an utter absence of agreement as to the soundness of his ... More


A MORE HUMAN‐LIKE AMA

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a specific framework in which the rational and the supra‐rational capacities needed by artificial moral agents might be combined in a single machine that has artificial general ... More


CAN (RO)BOTS REALLY BE MORAL?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How closely could artificial agents, lacking human qualities such as consciousness and emotions, come to being considered moral agents? Chapter 4 begins by discussing the issue of whether a “mere” ... More


ENGINEERING MORALITY

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A framework is provided for understanding the trajectory toward increasingly sophisticated artificial moral agents, emphasizing two dimensions: autonomy and sensitivity to morally relevant facts. ... More


Moral Agents

John Bricke

in Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250111
eISBN:
9780191681240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250111.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reflects on the many properties that David Hume assigns to moral agents and examines the interrelations of those properties. The goal is to summarize the central elements in the closely ... More


Part I—Conclusions

Yuval Ginbar

in Why Not Torture Terrorists?: Moral, Practical, and Legal Aspects of the "Ticking Bomb" Justification for Torture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199540914
eISBN:
9780191716256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540914.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter concludes the discussion of the ticking bomb question as a one of pure individual morality. For the purpose of defending an absolute prohibition on torture a minimal absolutist position, ... More


INTRODUCTION

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The development of military robots deployed on the battlefield and service robots in the home underscore the need for artificial moral agents. However, autonomous bots within existing computer ... More


PHILOSOPHERS, ENGINEERS, AND THE DESIGN OF AMAS

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The architectures for artificial moral agents fall within two broad approaches: the top‐down imposition of an ethical theory, and the bottom‐up building of systems that aim at goals or standards that ... More


TOP‐DOWN MORALITY

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Implementing any top‐down ethical theory of ethics in an artificial moral agent will pose both computational and practical challenges. One central concern is framing the background information ... More


WHY MACHINE MORALITY?

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Artificial moral agents are necessary and inevitable. Innovative technologies are converging on sophisticated systems that will require some capacity for moral decision making. With the ... More


MERGING TOP‐DOWN AND BOTTOM‐UP

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The topic of this chapter is the application of virtue ethics to the development of artificial moral agents. The difficulties of applying general moral theories in a top‐down fashion to artificial ... More


The Problem of Moral Status

Paola Cavalieri

in The Animal Question: Why Non-Human Animals Deserve Human Rights

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143805
eISBN:
9780199833122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143809.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

After defending the idea that ethics is a theoretical enquiry endowed with autonomous standards of justification and criticism, within which criteria coming from other domains have no direct ... More


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