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Human Moral Action

Gerald McKenny

in The Analogy of Grace: Karl Barth's Moral Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199582679
eISBN:
9780191722981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582679.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

If Jesus Christ has accomplished the good in our place and summons us to confirm it in our own conduct, it is clear that there is a place for human action in Barth's moral theology. But if the good ... More


Resolving Moral Conflicts: British Idealist and Contemporary Liberal Approaches to Value Pluralism and Moral Conduct

Maria Dimova‐Cookson (ed.)

in T. H. Green: Ethics, Metaphysics, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199271665
eISBN:
9780191709364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271665.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter links the problems posed by value pluralism with those posed by moral conflict and aims to apply the solutions T. H. Green offers to the latter in the case of the former. The argument is ... More


Moral Values

David C. Rose

in The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199781744
eISBN:
9780199919116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781744.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter distinguishes between moral values that encourage us to take positive moral actions and moral values that discourage us from taking negative moral actions. It explains why with regard to ... More


Introduction

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The Introduction discusses the puzzling aspects of morality in relation to self-interest. It also talks about the part played by prudence. Prudence is not a constraint, but rather an expression of ... More


The Highest Good

Jacqueline Mariña

in Transformation of the Self in the thought of Schleiermacher

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199206377
eISBN:
9780191709753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206377.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter begins with an analysis of Schleiermacher's Notes on Ethics from 1805/06, examining his understanding of the highest good. In the Notes, Schleiermacher describes the highest good as the ... More


Writing the Self after the Crisis of Individualism: Distancing and Moral Evaluation

Emily Van Buskirk

in Lydia Ginzburg's Prose: Reality in Search of Literature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691166797
eISBN:
9781400873777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166797.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter explains the concept of post-individualist prose as a pointed departure from nineteenth-century Realism. This is a fragmentary, documentary literature that restricts itself to the realm ... More


Taking Risks for Others: Social Courage as a Public Virtue

Gerd Meyer

in On Behalf of Others: The Psychology of Care in a Global World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385557
eISBN:
9780199864669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385557.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

The chapter discusses the significance of courage in everyday life. It asks why some people show courage, and how increased feelings of insecurity and fear as well as a growing individualization of ... More


Is Kant’s Thinker (as Such) a Free and Responsible Agent?

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Both Kant scholars (Henry Allison) and Kant enthusiasts (Akeel Bilgrami) have appealed to the Critique to support the assimilation of cognition to responsible moral action. This approach is ... More


Doubting If Doubt Itself Be Doubting: After Moby-Dick

Maurice S. Lee

in Uncertain Chances: Science, Skepticism, and Belief in Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797578
eISBN:
9780199932412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797578.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter shows how Melville continued to explore chance after Moby-Dick, especially as Pierre and “Bartleby, the Scrivener” take up the challenge up moral action under conditions of causal ... More


Do Artifacts Have Morality?

Peter-Paul Verbeek

in Moralizing Technology: Understanding and Designing the Morality of Things

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226852911
eISBN:
9780226852904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226852904.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on the question of how to account for the moral role of technology in ethical theory. Qualifying as a moral agent requires at least the possession of intentionality and some ... More


Appropriate Actions and Feelings

A. A. Long

in Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245567
eISBN:
9780191597923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245568.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Epictetus characteristically views moral action in relation to a person's identity and social roles. To be human, in his view, is to be engaged in a profession, calling for excellent performance in ... More


Moral Foundations of Political Action

Gian Vittorio Caprara and Michele Vecchione

in Personalizing Politics and Realizing Democracy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199982868
eISBN:
9780190644291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982868.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 3 addresses the assumptions one can make about human nature and the moral underpinning of political behavior. It points to Agency and Communion as the two fundamental dimensions of human ... More


Virtue

Tony Fitzpatrick

in Applied ethics and social problems: Moral questions of birth, society and death

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348609
eISBN:
9781447301479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348609.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Virtue ethicists regard moral action as intimately woven with the notion of moral character. This chapter begins by outlining the components of Aristotle and Hume's ethics that have been most ... More


Chapter Two: Ontological Morality and Human Rights

Luis Cortest

in The Disfigured Face: Traditional Natural Law and Its Encounter with Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228539
eISBN:
9780823235681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228539.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the ontological morality of Thomas Aquinas and the concept of human rights. Aquinas strongly defends the notion that morality is ... More


War Crimes and Immoral Action in War

Jeff McMahan

in The Constitution of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199673872
eISBN:
9780191752032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673872.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The ideal in the law of war is that all and only those acts that harm their victims and are seriously morally wrong should be criminal, and thus punishable. The law ought, within certain limits, to ... More


Moral Judgments

Jesse S. Summers and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Clean Hands: Philosophical Lessons from Scrupulosity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190058692
eISBN:
9780190058722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190058692.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Scrupulous moral judgments vary from moral judgments made by those without Scrupulosity. The content of Scrupulous moral judgments are perfectionist, which conflates what is ideal with what is ... More


The Bible and Its Worldview as a Cultural Document

John D. Early

in Maya and Catholic Cultures in Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813040134
eISBN:
9780813043838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813040134.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

Taking an anthropological point of view, this chapter examines the Bible as a cultural document that employed theological categories of Hebrew culture to give moral instruction. The Bible as it ... More


The Circumstantial Convert as Moral Actor

David Yamane

in Becoming Catholic: Finding Rome in the American Religious Landscape

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199964987
eISBN:
9780199363452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964987.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Of the innumerable religious options available in America today, why do some people choose Roman Catholicism? This chapter focuses on what motivates people to seek to become Catholic and enter the ... More


Behaving

José Filipe Silva

in Robert Kilwardby

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190674755
eISBN:
9780197510889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190674755.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter focuses on Kilwardby’s ethical theory, especially on the notions of happiness and virtue in the context of the Christian thought and also civil society. The key texts in which he ... More


The Illusion of Morality Free Zones

John J. Piderit

in Sexual Morality: A Natural Law Approach to Intimate Relationships

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199793273
eISBN:
9780190258313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199793273.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter starts with a discussion of how moral action begins at a young age. It then explains young people's realization that there is more than one moral world and the definition of moral ... More


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