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 Taking Charge

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter introduces mechanism design, which is the subject wherein games are designed so that rational play results in socially desirable outcomes. The judgment of Solomon from the Bible is used ... More


HYPERBOLIC CONSERVATION LAWS

George Em Karniadakis and Spencer J. Sherwin

in Spectral/hp Element Methods for Computational Fluid Dynamics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528692
eISBN:
9780191713491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528692.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter discusses compressible Euler and Navier-Stokes equations as well as general hyperbolic conservation laws. The principle issue is how effectively to use the high-order expansions of the ... More


John Roemer: Distributing Health: The Allocation of Resources by an International Agency

Paul Seabright

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Seabright comments on two issues in Roemer's paper: (1) the comparison of theory with practice when technologies are changing over time is more difficult than Roemer implies; and (2) while he is in ... More


Monotone Quantifiers

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

For quantifiers, being second-order relations, the relevant order for arguments is inclusion, and for values implication, and the general concept of monotonicity applies straightforwardly to ... More


Implementation: Complete and Incomplete Information

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Considers complete and incomplete information implementation in both strategic and extensive form games. A variety of solution concepts are used—Nash, undominated Nash, virtual implementation, and ... More


Storing Votes over Time

Alessandra Casella

in Storable Votes: Protecting the Minority Voice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195309096
eISBN:
9780199918171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309096.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter extends the idea of Storable Votes to voting over time, with multiple bonus votes that can be carried across periods. In the theory, the equilibrium strategies have a very ... More


Informational Value in Contraction

Isaac Levi

in Mild Contraction: Evaluating Loss of Information Due to Loss of Belief

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199270705
eISBN:
9780191601774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270708.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The informational value involved in contraction is the subject of this chapter. Probability-based notions of informational value are introduced. It is argued that rational agents need not evaluate ... More


Evolution in Social Environments

Fernando Vega‐Redondo

in Evolution, Games, and Economic Behaviour

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198774723
eISBN:
9780191596971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198774729.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Generalizes the dynamic approach of Ch. 3 so that it becomes applicable to the modelling of evolutionary processes in socio‐economic environments. It introduces the central notion of payoff ... More


Possessive Quantifiers

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses possessive and exceptive expressions that can be seen as determiners. Possessive determiners constitute a major form of possessive expressions in English and Swedish, whereas ... More


Applications to Monadic Definability

Stanley Peters

in Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199291267
eISBN:
9780191700590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter applies the Ehrenfeucht-Fraïssé (EF) technique to present a variety of results about the expressive power of certain monadic quantifiers. After repeating the general method, ... More


Truth, Paradox, and Partially Defined Predicates

Scott Soames

in Understanding Truth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195123357
eISBN:
9780199872114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195123352.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Presents a philosophical model of partially defined predicates, illustrates how a language could come to contain them, and provides a natural way of understanding the truth predicate in which it ... More


The case of Banach lattices

Kazimierz Goebel and Stanisław Prus

in Elements of Geometry of Balls in Banach Spaces

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198827351
eISBN:
9780191866265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827351.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

Uniform monotonicity and order uniform smoothness for Banach lattices are discussed as counterparts of uniform convexity and uniform smoothness. Corresponding moduli are defined. Analogies and ... More


Milnor's conjecture on monotonicity of topological entropy: Results and questions

Sebastian van Strien

Araceli Bonifant, Mikhail Lyubich, and Scott Sutherland (eds)

in Frontiers in Complex Dynamics: In Celebration of John Milnor's 80th Birthday

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159294
eISBN:
9781400851317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159294.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter discusses Milnor's conjecture on monotonicity of entropy and gives a short exposition of the ideas used in its proof. It discusses the history of this conjecture, gives an outline of the ... More


Differential-Henselian Fields

Matthias Aschenbrenner, Lou van den Dries, and Joris van der Hoeven

in Asymptotic Differential Algebra and Model Theory of Transseries

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691175423
eISBN:
9781400885411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175423.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

This chapter discusses differential-henselian fields. Here K is a valued differential field with small derivation. An extension of K means a valued differential field extension of K whose derivation ... More


The Logic of Imagination

Francesco Berto and Mark Jago

in Impossible Worlds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198812791
eISBN:
9780191850585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812791.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Imagination seems to have a logic, albeit one which is hyperintensional and sensitive to context. This chapter offers a semantics of imagination, with operators expressing ‘imaginative acts’ of ... More


Introduction

Gennaro Chierchia

in Logic in Grammar: Polarity, Free Choice, and Intervention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199697977
eISBN:
9780191765971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697977.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

The introduction sets the stage for the inquiry pursued in the book. The items to be studied include: Universal Free Choice items: English any, Italian qualunque (free choice items with a universal ... More


The Spontaneous Logicality of Language

Gennaro Chierchia

in Logic in Grammar: Polarity, Free Choice, and Intervention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199697977
eISBN:
9780191765971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697977.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

Chapter 1 shows how scalar implicatures and Negative Polarity Items (NPIs) are sensitive to whether a context is upward or downward entailing. It reviews the alternative based semantics of focus ... More


Measuring stuff and process

Alexis Wellwood

in The Meaning of More

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198804659
eISBN:
9780191842870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804659.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter begins the book’s survey of non-canonical comparatives, and suggests a degree-based interpretation of the expression “much” which occurs implicitly as a morphosyntactic part of “more”, ... More


Measure functions

Lucas Champollion

in Parts of a Whole: Distributivity as a Bridge between Aspect and Measurement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198755128
eISBN:
9780191816505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755128.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter explains the linguistic relevance of the difference between extensive measure functions like volume and intensive measure functions like temperature, as illustrated by the ... More


Multidimensional Poverty: Some Comments

Bhaskar Dutta

in Markets, Governance, and Institutions in the Process of Economic Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198812555
eISBN:
9780191850356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812555.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A rich literature on multidimensional poverty measurement has recently sprung up. In this multidimensional setting, an individual is identified as poor or deprived if he or she falls short of these ... More


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