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Trade in Infrastructure Services: A Conceptual Framework

Philippa Dee and Christopher Findlay

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses what many infrastructure industries have in common — economies of scale or scope — and how this poses some significant policy challenges for successful trade policy reform. ... More


Political Liberalization

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses political liberalization as one of the real reforming tendencies of classical socialism. Aspects addressed are the monopoly of power, the easing of repression, constant and ... More


The Spiraling of Market Power

Alice H. Amsden

in Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195076035
eISBN:
9780199870691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195076036.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

This chapter starts with a discussion of the development of the highly diversified business/industrial groups that have grown in late‐industrializing countries – as exemplified by the zaibatsu in ... More


 The Case against Foreign Direct Investment and Multinational Corporations

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Only the most rabid proponents deny the potential for MNCs and FDI to inflict costs and harm on large numbers of people and countries. This chapter is the equivalent of a law brief, this time ... More


Social-Cognitive Origins of the Separation of Powers

Maxwell A. Cameron

in Strong Constitutions: Social-Cognitive Origins of the Separation of Powers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199987443
eISBN:
9780199346257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987443.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

All institutions are material products of the mind that structure the world of social action and cognition. The evolution of language from speech to literacy and print is analyzed in relation to ... More


Typical Justifications for Regulation

S. Breyer

in A Reader on Regulation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198765295
eISBN:
9780191695292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765295.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The major objectives of most economic regulatory efforts fall within one of the categories discussed in this chapter. The justification for intervention arises out of an alleged inability of the ... More


Roman Christianity: An Evolving Monopoly

Robert B. Ekelund Jr. and Robert D. Tollison

in Economic Origins of Roman Christianity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226200026
eISBN:
9780226200040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226200040.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter first sets out the book’s purpose, which to chronicle in economic terms the successful rise and rapid spread of Roman Christianity, from its humble origins when it faced persecution and ... More


Debates on Perfect and Imperfect Competition

Anwar Shaikh

in Capitalism: Competition, Conflict, Crises

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199390632
eISBN:
9780199390663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390632.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The chapter begins by considering various alternative views of competition: Smith, Ricardo, and Marx, who emphasize the antagonistic nature of capitalism and the turbulent character of competitive ... More


Welfare, Monopolization, Dominance, and Judicial Review

Daniel J. Gifford and Robert T. Kudrle

in The Atlantic Divide in Antitrust: An Examination of US and EU Competition Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226176109
eISBN:
9780226176246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226176246.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter explains the complications of total versus consumer welfare standards; the differences between monopolization and abuse of dominance; the varying meanings of market power and monopoly ... More


Decisions

in The Microsoft Case: Antitrust, High Technology, and Consumer Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226644639
eISBN:
9780226644653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226644653.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter investigates the key rulings on liability and remedies in the government case. It explores the decisions of both Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson and Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly on ... More


Growth in Dynamic General Equilibrium

Fabio-Cesare Bagliano and Giuseppe Bertola

in Models for Dynamic Macroeconomics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199266821
eISBN:
9780191601606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266824.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Characterizes general equilibrium interactions in a dynamic environment, focussing on the possibly endogenous growth behaviour of an economy in the long run. The treatment familiarizes readers with ... More


How Sports Fans Are Exploited

in Fans of the World, Unite!: A (Capitalist) Manifesto for Sports Consumers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756686
eISBN:
9780804769778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756686.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter focuses on several ways that consumers (i.e. sports fans) are hurt by the lack of an independent competition organizer and the presence of a clear-cut conflict between the interests of ... More


From Access to Monopoly: The Results and Complexities of Google’s Copyright Logic

Joanne Elizabeth Gray

in Google Rules: The History and Future of Copyright Under the Influence of Google

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190072070
eISBN:
9780190072100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190072070.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter provides an evaluation of Google’s influence on copyright law and identifies the implications for the public interest. Google’s influence raises critical questions regarding monopoly ... More


Antitrust Regulation of Chinese State-Owned Enterprises

Angela Huyue Zhang

in Regulating the Visible Hand?: The Institutional Implications of Chinese State Capitalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190250256
eISBN:
9780190250287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250256.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

By viewing antitrust regulation as a good, this chapter analyzes the factors bearing on the demand and supply of antitrust regulation of Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs). Demand to regulate ... More


Conclusion: Achieving Public Interest Outcomes in a Digital Environment Dominated by Monopolistic Technology Firms

Joanne Elizabeth Gray

in Google Rules: The History and Future of Copyright Under the Influence of Google

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190072070
eISBN:
9780190072100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190072070.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

When private companies negotiate and enforce copyright rules that determine the scope and application of copyright across large portions of the digital environment, do they have a responsibility to ... More


Google Rules: The History and Future of Copyright Under the Influence of Google

Joanne Elizabeth Gray

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190072070
eISBN:
9780190072100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190072070.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Google Rules traces the rise of Google through its legal, commercial, and political negotiations over copyright. The first part of the book shows how the public interest suffers in a digital ... More


Regulating Digital Platforms

Robert Baldwin and Martin Cave

in Taming the Corporation: How to Regulate for Success

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198836186
eISBN:
9780191873485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836186.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, International Business

One of the most pressing regulatory challenges of recent years has been what to do about the hugely successful digital platform and related companies which now bestride the world. Their emergence ... More


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