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Ecology and Evolution of Eusociality in Sponge-Dwelling Shrimp

J. Emmett Duffy

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Sponge-dwelling Synalpheus shrimp comprises a clade of ~30 species that range from socially monogamous pairs to eusocial colonies of hundreds of individuals. Eusocial colonies have evolved at least ... More


The Harvard and Chicago Schools and the Dominant Firm

Herbert Hovenkamp

in How the Chicago School Overshot the Mark: The Effect of Conservative Economic Analysis on U.S. Antitrust

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195372823
eISBN:
9780199871773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372823.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This paper begins with a wide-ranging comparison of “Chicago School” analysis with the earlier and more liberal “Harvard School” approaches, concluding that each had major influences in various areas ... More


Latecomer State Formation: Political Geography and Capacity Failure in Latin America

Sebastián Mazzuca

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780300248951
eISBN:
9780300258615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300248951.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Latin American governments systematically fail to provide the key public goods for their societies to prosper. This book argues this is because nineteenth-century Latin American state-formation ... More


Anti-Monopoly Law

Hiroshi Oda

in Japanese Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232185
eISBN:
9780191705335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232185.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter focuses on Japan's Anti-Monopoly Law. Topics discussed include the historical background of the law, an outline of the law, private monopolization, prevention of excessive concentration ... More


Antitrust

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter sheds light on antitrust. It begins with a primer explaining the most important of the regime's doctrines. It then places today's law in context by tracing the history of antitrust law. ... More


How Did We Get Here?

Susan W. Brenner

in Cyber Threats: The Emerging Fault Lines of the Nation State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385014
eISBN:
9780199855414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385014.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter analyzes why the nation-state monopolization of power arose and why it is eroding. As technology evolves in sophistication and pervasiveness, the impact of the virtual overlay cyberspace ... More


Some Economics of Abuse of Dominance

John Vickers

in Competition Policy in the EU: Fifty Years on from the Treaty of Rome

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199566358
eISBN:
9780191722790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566358.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter offers an economic appraisal of selected aspects of EC law and policy towards abuse of dominance (Article 82). After a brief discussion of thresholds for dominance, five theories of ... More


A Theory of Latecomer State Formation

Sebastián Mazzuca

in Latecomer State Formation: Political Geography and Capacity Failure in Latin America

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780300248951
eISBN:
9780300258615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300248951.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines the two processes of state-formation: territory consolidation and violence monopolization. It explains that territory consolidation refers to the process by which an emerging ... More


Origins

in The Microsoft Case: Antitrust, High Technology, and Consumer Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226644639
eISBN:
9780226644653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226644653.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter explores the ideological origins of the monopolization law and reports the century-long history of the government's efforts to enforce it. It then addresses the convergence of political, ... More


Introduction: Footstool of Liberty’s Throne: Hero-Making versus Historiography

Kevin T. Barksdale

in The Lost State of Franklin: America's First Secession

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125213
eISBN:
9780813135199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125213.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This section identifies two interpretive paths of the historical scholarship of the statehood movement of Franklin. It notes that Franklin defenders have treated the statehood movement as a serious ... More


The Birth of Torgsin

Elena Osokina

in Stalin's Quest for Gold: The Torgsin Hard-Currency Shops and Soviet Industrialization

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501758515
eISBN:
9781501758539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501758515.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter discusses how the Special Bureau for Trade with Foreigners on the Territory of the USSR, Torgsin for short, was created on July 18, 1930. The emergence of Torgsin was part of a sweeping ... More


Liberalization

László Csaba

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0058
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Liberalization is a set of policies that apply to overcoming the distortions emanating from administratively managed markets. Originally it was conceived as one of the constituting elements of the ... More


Monopolizing Culture: Two Case Studies

Joseph Loewenstein

in The Author's Due: Printing and the Prehistory of Copyright

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226490403
eISBN:
9780226490410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226490410.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter investigates two case studies regarding monopolizing the culture. Sir John Harington's toilet is designed with the specific goal of removing not only all waste but also all odors, of ... More


Powerful Firms and Monopolizing Conduct

Rex Ahdar

in The Evolution of Competition Law in New Zealand

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198855606
eISBN:
9780191889295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855606.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

New Zealand’s efforts to rein in the anticompetitive conduct of market dominant firms has been disappointing overall. Its track record, in terms of the number of successful challenges, has been ... More


Protocol Selection as Power Selection

Laura DeNardis

in Protocol Politics: The Globalization of Internet Governance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042574
eISBN:
9780262258739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042574.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter finds that significant efforts are being made by different institutions and organizations to establish a centralized institution for better selection of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. ... More


Welfare, Monopolization, Dominance, and Judicial Review

Daniel J. Gifford and Robert T. Kudrle

in The Atlantic Divide in Antitrust: An Examination of US and EU Competition Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226176109
eISBN:
9780226176246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226176246.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter explains the complications of total versus consumer welfare standards; the differences between monopolization and abuse of dominance; the varying meanings of market power and monopoly ... More


Origins of the Common Law of Mining and Water Rights

Mark Kanazawa

in Golden Rules: The Origins of California Water Law in the Gold Rush

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226258676
eISBN:
9780226258706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226258706.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 6 examines the movement from the unofficial law of water rights as developed in the mining camps to the official law, as promulgated in the state courts. This movement occurred as camps ... More


The Lure of Tin

in Monstrous Adversary: The Life of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853236788
eISBN:
9781846313592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853236788.003.0071
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter focuses on Oxford's tin mining campaign. Oxford planned to ‘farm’ the Queen's tins by securing the ‘pre–emption’ of this wealth–producing metal. Preemption was a monopolistic practice ... More


Introduction

David Churchill

in Crime Control and Everyday Life in the Victorian City: The Police and the Public

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198797845
eISBN:
9780191839160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797845.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

The introduction critically interrogates orthodox accounts of crime control and modernization, and outlines the conceptual and methodological basis of an alternative interpretation. In particular, it ... More


Dominant Firm Unilateral Conduct: Monopolization and Abuse of Dominance

David J. Gerber

in Competition Law and Antitrust

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198727477
eISBN:
9780191793622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198727477.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

A firm acting alone—that is, unilaterally—can also harm competition. If it has sufficient influence on a market, it can exclude rivals or limit their capacity to compete. Competition law regimes ... More


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