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Phase transitions, clustering, and coarsening in granular gases

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses theoretical approaches to modeling patterns that emerge in dilute granular systems with or without external excitation. It begins with the simplest possible realization of such ... More


Semiconductor Physics: Principles, Theory and Nanoscale

Sandip Tiwari

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198759867
eISBN:
9780191820830
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759867.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

A graduate-level text, Semiconductor physics: Principles, theory and nanoscale covers the central topics of the field, together with advanced topics related to the nanoscale and to quantum ... More


Particles in monolayers and thin liquid films

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Small particles can adsorb strongly at fluid interfaces and form monolayers which can be studied using a Langmuir trough. For sufficiently large particles the monolayers can be viewed ... More


Adsorption of surfactants at liquid/vapour and liquid/liquid interfaces

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The variation of interfacial tension of a solution with surfactant concentration in bulk can be used, in conjunction with the Gibbs adsorption equation, to probe the behaviour of adsorbed surfactant ... More


Surfaces and surfactants

Masao Doi

in Soft Matter Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199652952
eISBN:
9780191774942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652952.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Surfaces, or more generally, interfaces, are important in soft matter by two reasons. The weak forces associated with surfaces, such as the surface tension and inter-surface forces, are important in ... More


Surfactants in systems with oil and water, including microemulsions

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The solubilization of small amounts of nonpolar oil by surfactant micelles was described in Chapter 9. In the present chapter surfactant behaviour in systems (such as emulsions) that contain ... More


Emulsions and foams

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Methods of formation of emulsions and foams are given; both types of system are stabilized by surfactants. Emulsions can be oil-in-water or water-in-oil type and the preferred type is discussed in ... More


Sources and forms of graphene

E. L. Wolf

in Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199645862
eISBN:
9780191767852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645862.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Micro-mechanical exfoliation of single graphene sheets from bulk mineral graphite opened the way to reliable measurements of graphene monolayer properties. The substrate supporting the monolayer ... More


Quantum confinement and monolayer semiconductors

Sandip Tiwari

in Semiconductor Physics: Principles, Theory and Nanoscale

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198759867
eISBN:
9780191820830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759867.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter brings together several themes and perspectives by exploring them in quantum-confined conditions or in monolayer crystals. In it, confinement of electrons and holes at heterostructure ... More


Adsorption on metal electrodes

Wolfgang Schmickler

in Interfacial Electrochemistry

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089325
eISBN:
9780197560563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089325.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Whenever the concentration of a species at the interface is greater than can be accounted for by electrostatic interactions, we speak of specific adsorption. It is usually caused by chemical ... More


Surface Properties and Gas Adsorption

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

It is well known that alkali metal binary GICs adsorb gaseous species (H2, N2, Ar, CH4, etc.) physisorptively at low temperatures, where physisorbed gaseous molecules are accommodated in the ... More


The Electrical Double Layer

W. Ronald Fawcett

in Liquids, Solutions, and Interfaces: From Classical Macroscopic Descriptions to Modern Microscopic Details

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195094329
eISBN:
9780197560747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195094329.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

In examining the properties of the metal | solution interface, two limiting types of behavior are found, namely, the ideal polarizable interface and the ideally nonpolarizable interface. In the ... More


Low-Dimensional Structures

John Orton and Tom Foxon

in Molecular Beam Epitaxy: A Short History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199695829
eISBN:
9780191748844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695829.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Low-dimensional structures consisting of semiconductor heterostructures of thickness down to a very few atomic monolayers were grown ideally by MBE and resulted in a surge of interest in MBE itself. ... More


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