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The Social Meaning of Money: “Special Monies”

Viviana A. Zelizer

in Economic Lives: How Culture Shapes the Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139364
eISBN:
9781400836253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139364.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter argues that the utilitarian approach to money is a theoretical and empirical straitjacket. Money belongs to the market, but not exclusively so. And while money is indeed an objective ... More


London as an International Banking Center, 1950–1980

Mae Baker and Michale Collins

in London and Paris as International Financial Centres in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269495
eISBN:
9780191710162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269495.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

The late 1950s and early 1960s marked the beginning of a period of important structural change and innovation within British banking. After the war, of course, the City's fortune was far from assured ... More


Foreign Exchange and Money Markets

Roy C. Smith, Ingo Walter, and Gayle Delong

in Global Banking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195335934
eISBN:
9780199932146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335934.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses the evolution of two essential markets to global banks. Foreign exchange markets allow for the trading of foreign currencies, using instruments such as spot transactions, ... More


Paris, London, and the International Money Market: Lessons from Paribas, 1885–1913

Marc Flandreau and François Gallice

in London and Paris as International Financial Centres in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269495
eISBN:
9780191710162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269495.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter deals with one aspect of short-term capital movements over the period 1885-1913. It studies the role of the French haute banque in the operation of the international monetary system. It ... More


From Domestic to International, 1850–1914

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

The first section of this chapter looks at the internationalization of the London securities market over the period from 1850 to 1914. This was influenced both by transferable securities becoming ... More


The Changing Market Place Between the Wars

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

As a successor to the previous chapter, which looked at organizational change in the London Stock Exchange between the two World Wars, this one looks at the changing market place over the same ... More


Drifting Towards Oblivion, 1950–1959

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

This chapter look at the decline of the London Stock Exchange during the 1950s. The first part discusses the ways that the Stock Exchange raised money to enable it to survive in the early 1950s, ... More


The Macroeconomic Behaviour of the Banking System

J. C. R. Dow and I. D. Saville

in A Critique of Monetary Policy: Theory and British Experience

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283195
eISBN:
9780191596186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283199.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The focus is on the banking system and how it is likely to operate if it is able to function without state interference. It presents a discussion as to how an economy with rising money incomes leads ... More


Prelude to Change, 1970–1979

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

The first section of this chapter outlines the growing threats to the London Stock Exchange through the 1970s, including the ability of its members to block new proposals by the Council of the Stock ... More


Failing to Adjust, 1960–1969

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

This chapter addresses the continuing decline and failure of the London Stock Exchange to adjust to change during the 1960s, when the government rather than the market continued to be the major ... More


The Indigenous Origins of the ‘Colonial Economy’

C. A. Bayly

in Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion 1770-1870

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077466
eISBN:
9780199081110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077466.003.0020
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter examines the origins of the colonial economy in north India during the later part of the eighteenth century to the early part of the nineteenth century. It explains that during this ... More


International Money and Foreign Exchange Markets

Roy C. Smith and Ingo Walter

in Global Banking

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134360
eISBN:
9780199833009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134362.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, International

While foreign exchange dealings have been taking place since the fifteenth century, the past 30 years have been especially marked by new developments, growth, and change in money‐market instruments ... More


Shattered Dominance: The First World War, 1914–1918

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242559
eISBN:
9780191596643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242550.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Financial Economics

This chapter looks at the change from a dominant position of the London Stock Exchange before the First World War, to its severely diminished position after it. The Stock Exchange emerged from the ... More


Responding to the Bear Market: Money Market Funds

Matthew P. Fink

in The Rise of Mutual Funds: An Insider’s View

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753505
eISBN:
9780199918805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753505.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses the impact of the 1970s bear market on the mutual fund industry. Just as three decades of a strong stock market, from 1940 to 1970, spurred mutual fund growth, the prolonged ... More


Responding to the Bear Market: Money Market Funds

Matthew P. Fink

in The Rise of Mutual Funds: An Insider's View

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195336450
eISBN:
9780199868469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336450.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

The prolonged bear market of the 1970s devastated mutual funds. Fund assets plummeted due to falling portfolio values and net redemptions of fund shares. Consumers paid high interest rates on their ... More


Instruments of Monetary Policy

Stephen H. Axilrod

in The Federal Reserve: What Everyone Needs to Know

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934485
eISBN:
9780199345786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934485.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter discusses the Fed's monetary instruments. It looks at how the Fed's monetary instruments are employed in the policy process, which of the Fed's instruments are most significant for ... More


The Rise of Mutual Funds: An Insider’s View

Matthew P. Fink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199753505
eISBN:
9780199918805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753505.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

In 1940 few Americans had heard of mutual funds. Today, US mutual funds are the largest financial industry in the world, with over 88 million shareholders and over $11 trillion in assets. This book ... More


The Gold Standard and Public Finance, 1924–1931

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Treasury officials successfully guided ministers to complete the post-war return to fiscal and monetary orthodoxy by restoring the gold standard. On the other hand, questions must be asked about the ... More


Cultural Exchange: Jews, Christians, and Art in the Medieval Marketplace

Joseph Shatzmiller

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156996
eISBN:
9781400846092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156996.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Demonstrating that similarities between Jewish and Christian art in the Middle Ages were more than coincidental, this book combines a wide range of sources to show how Jews and Christians exchanged ... More


Modernizing SEC Regulation

Matthew P. Fink

in The Rise of Mutual Funds: An Insider's View

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195336450
eISBN:
9780199868469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336450.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

The dramatic changes in the fund industry during the 1980s and 1990s led the SEC and the industry to seek to modernize SEC requirements. SEC disclosure requirements relating to fund prospectuses, ... More


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