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Crisis and Opportunity: The Policy Environment of International Banking in the City of London, 1958–1980

Catherine Schenk

in London and Paris as International Financial Centres in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269495
eISBN:
9780191710162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269495.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter analyses policy responses to the instability of the international monetary system during the 1970s and how these policies affected the City of London. First, the collapse of the ... More


The EMS Is not Enough: The Need for Monetary Union

Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

in The Road to Monetary Union in Europe: The Emperor, the Kings, and the Genies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241767
eISBN:
9780191596742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241767.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The long‐term prospects of the European Monetary System (EMS) are examined from a non‐technical viewpoint, considering the system as a variable rather than a given. The prospects are seen as ... More


Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Volbert Alexander, George M. von Furstenberg, and Jacques Mélitz (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Financial services with global reach are a highly information-intensive business. In it, the ability to deliver reliable price formation, global liquidity, and network benefits is increasingly ... More


Paris, London, and the International Money Market: Lessons from Paribas, 1885–1913

Marc Flandreau and François Gallice

in London and Paris as International Financial Centres in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269495
eISBN:
9780191710162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269495.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter deals with one aspect of short-term capital movements over the period 1885-1913. It studies the role of the French haute banque in the operation of the international monetary system. It ... More


Introduction: An Historical Overview

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The negotiation of EMU is situated in an historical context, notably the mounting tensions in the post‐war Bretton Woods system, the Hague Summit of 1969, the eventual collapse of Bretton Woods and ... More


The Collapse of the Chinese Imperial The Collapse of the Chinese Imperial Monetary System

Akinobu Kuroda

in Japan, China, and the Growth of the Asian International Economy, 1850-1949

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780198292715
eISBN:
9780191602580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292715.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter offers an interpretation of the way in which the Chinese imperial monetary system disintegrated in the early 20th century, and was replaced by a system that allowed for international ... More


Lessons from the European Monetary System

Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

in The Road to Monetary Union in Europe: The Emperor, the Kings, and the Genies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241767
eISBN:
9780191596742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241767.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Few proposals have been made for the reform of what used to be called the international monetary system, and academic economists have tended to ignore the experience of the European Monetary System ... More


After the Storm

Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

in The Road to Monetary Union in Europe: The Emperor, the Kings, and the Genies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241767
eISBN:
9780191596742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241767.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The concluding essay in the book, written in 1994. It summarizes the factors and events that led to the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in February 1992, and then gives the author's interpretation ... More


“Consensual” Adjustment in Post‐Consociational Democracy

Erik Jones

in Economic Adjustment and Political Transformation in Small States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199208333
eISBN:
9780191708985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208333.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter analyses the adjustment strategies pursued by Wilfried Martens in Belgium (Poupehan) and Ruud Lubbers in the Netherlands (Wassenaar). It shows how they were able to restart price-incomes ... More


The influence of US policy on the SDR under post‐Bretton Woods arrangements

Christopher M.D. Wilkie

in Special Drawing Rights (SDRs): The First International Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606467
eISBN:
9780191731648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606467.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

SDRs could not prop up a Bretton Woods system without US support. And it is true that the SDR was no longer a priority for the US as post‐Bretton Woods arrangements consolidated themselves. ... More


Euroization, Dollarization, and the International Monetary System

Dominick Salvatore

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

A great debate has been taking place in many nations, especially small ones, in Central, Eastern, and Southern Europe, in the Baltic States, and in the Americas on the need and benefits of abandoning ... More


The Function of Gold Coinage in the Monetary Economy of the Roman Empire

Elio Lo Cascio

in The Monetary Systems of the Greeks and Romans

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233359
eISBN:
9780191716348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233359.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines the function of gold coins in the Roman Empire. Using evidence of Duncan-Jones's demonstration that gold coins show markedly less weight loss than silver coins, it is argued ... More


Special Drawing Rights (SDRs): The First International Money

Christopher Wilkie

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606467
eISBN:
9780191731648
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606467.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Following the Rio Agreement in 1967, the birth of the Special Drawing Right (SDR) was widely heralded as the first step towards a world international money. The SDR's intended purpose, though, was ... More


The SDR and the US international monetary policy process

Christopher M.D. Wilkie

in Special Drawing Rights (SDRs): The First International Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199606467
eISBN:
9780191731648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606467.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Delving further into US policy determination provides other clues as to why SDRs became marginalized in the late 1970s and 1980s. For instance, US international monetary policy determination was ... More


Republicanization in Theory and Practice

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter reveals that Fichte's proposal for a planned economy was an application of widespread eighteenth-century thinking about the positive possibilities created by modern finance: in this ... More


The Effect of Some Recent Changes in Egyptian Monetary Policy: Measurement and Evaluation

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din

in The Egyptian Economy: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774161544
eISBN:
9781617970306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774161544.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the effect of recent changes in the structure of the monetary policy in Egypt on the monetary system and on the performance of the economy. It is organized as follows. Section 1 ... More


A Transatlantic Revolution: 1970–90

Ranald C. Michie

in The Global Securities Market: A History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280612
eISBN:
9780191712784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280612.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses developments in the global securities market from 1970 to 1990. It shows that growth and development in the global securities market in the 1970s and 1980s were marked by two ... More


A Modest Proposal for International Monetary Reform 1

Bruce Greenwald and Joseph E. Stiglitz

in Time for a Visible Hand: Lessons from the 2008 World Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578801
eISBN:
9780191723285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578801.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

Greenwald and Stiglitz argue that an ideal system of international payments should be characterized by stability and balance: stability in exchange rates and the absence of sudden crises, and balance ... More


Aftermath, 1992 and 1993

DAVID MCKAY

in Federalism and European Union: A Political Economy Perspective

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296775
eISBN:
9780191685279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296775.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter mentions some of the potential anomalies in the European Monetary System (EMS). It also consists of brief case-studies of those countries most affected by the crises and concentrates on ... More


Reforming the Global Reserve System 1

José Antonio Ocampo

in Time for a Visible Hand: Lessons from the 2008 World Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578801
eISBN:
9780191723285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578801.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

Ocampo argues that the current global reserve system exhibits three fundamental flaws. First, it shows the deflationary bias typical of any system in which all the burden of adjustment falls on ... More


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