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From Democratic Advocate to Monarchist Critic of the Republic: The Ambiguous Republicanism of Étienne Vacherot

Sudhir Hazareesingh

in Intellectual Founders of the Republic: Five Studies in Nineteenth-Century French Political Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247943
eISBN:
9780191599446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247943.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Traces the evolution of the political thought of Vacherot, who began his intellectual life as a Doctrinaire liberal and then converted to republicanism under the Second Empire, during which he wrote ... More


The People

Yuri Pines

in The Everlasting Empire: The Political Culture of Ancient China and Its Imperial Legacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134956
eISBN:
9781400842278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134956.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the reasons for the recurrence of large-scale popular uprisings throughout imperial history. It considers how the idea of rebellion correlates with fundamental principles of ... More


A Hetman Sent by God

Serhii Plokhy

in The Cossacks and Religion in Early Modern Ukraine

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247394
eISBN:
9780191714436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247394.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

After the military victories won by the Cossacks throughout 1648, the rule of the hetman of the Zaporozhian Host suddenly ceased to be purely military and extended to the civil, economic, judicial, ... More


The Sleep of Behemoth: Disputing Peace and Violence in Medieval Europe, 1000-1200

Jehangir Yezdi Malegam

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451324
eISBN:
9780801467899
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451324.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book explores the emergence of conflicting concepts of peace in western Europe during the High Middle Ages. Ever since the early Church, Christian thinkers had conceived of their peace separate ... More


The Foundations of Gladstonian Conservatism

David Bebbington

in The Mind of Gladstone: Religion, Homer, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267651
eISBN:
9780191708220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267651.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In 1831 Gladstone denounced parliamentary reform at the Oxford Union. He rejected equality and liberty as ideals and dismissed contractarianism as the basis of political obligation, favouring instead ... More


Russia Abroad

Paul Robinson

in The White Russian Army in Exile 1920-1941

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250219
eISBN:
9780191719547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250219.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides background on the inter-war Russian emigration, its numbers, geographic spread, demographic make-up, and political divisions. It explains that most Russian émigrés expected ... More


Nikolasha Takes Charge

Paul Robinson

in The White Russian Army in Exile 1920-1941

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250219
eISBN:
9780191719547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250219.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In order to avoid political divisions, during the civil war the White Armies had maintained a political position known as ‘non-predetermination’; this stated that the Whites would not predetermine ... More


The First World War

Matthew Rendle

in Defenders of the Motherland: The Tsarist Elite in Revolutionary Russia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199236251
eISBN:
9780191717154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236251.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the impact of the First World War on the tsarist elite, arguing that concerns over Russia's military performance and over Nicholas II fostered a desire for political change. The ... More


Confronting Political Islam: Six Lessons from the West's Past

John M. Owen IV

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173108
eISBN:
9781400852154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173108.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Political Islam has often been compared to ideological movements of the past such as fascism or Christian theocracy. But are such analogies valid? How should the Western world today respond to the ... More


Bayle, Boulainvilliers, Montesquieu: Secular Monarchy versus the Aristocratic Republic

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

The pre-1750 Enlightenment fundamentally transformed political thought as it did every other aspect of western civilization and, here, Montesquieu has always rightly been identified as a key ... More


Moral Order (1870–1884)

Kevin Passmore

in The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658206
eISBN:
9780191745034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

In the National Assembly of 1871–1875, conservatives hesitated between restoration of the monarchy and support for an authoritarian non-monarchical regime. The ‘Moral Order’ government of 1873 failed ... More


From Conservatisme to Boulangism (1884–1889)

Kevin Passmore

in The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658206
eISBN:
9780191745034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Monarchists soon regretted having helped establish the Republic, for it quickly set about removing them from positions of power. In the 1885 election, they set aside dynastic differences and embraced ... More


The Ralliement (1890–1898)

Kevin Passmore

in The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658206
eISBN:
9780191745034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658206.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The failure of Boulangism, coupled with fear of socialism and radical republicanism, persuaded the Pope to order monarchists to defend property and religion within the Republic. Monarchists who had ... More


Mending secular fragmentation

Brian Sudlow

in Catholic Literature and Secularisation in France and England, 1880-1914

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719083112
eISBN:
9781781703137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083112.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides a useful paradigm to analyse anti-secular alternatives. It outlines ways in which French and English Catholic writers seek to reimagine society and economics on a sacred basis. ... More


Postponing the Revolution: Transimperial Commerce and Monarchism in the Banda Oriental

Fabrício Prado

in Edge of Empire: Atlantic Networks and Revolution in Bourbon Río de la Plata

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520285156
eISBN:
9780520960732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285156.003.0008
Subject:
History, Latin American History

With the crisis of legitimacy triggered by Napoleon’s invasion of the Iberian peninsula in 1808, different political projects emerged in the colonies. Chapter 7 provides a close analysis of ... More


Conclusions

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0011
Subject:
History, Military History

Ethiopian dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam's fall from grace in May 1991 was as dramatic as his rise to power. From an obscure ordnance officer in his mid-thirties, Mengistu was installed to the ... More


Introduction: It Did Happen Here

John M. Owen IV

in Confronting Political Islam: Six Lessons from the West's Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173108
eISBN:
9781400852154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173108.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book examines political Islam in relation to Western ideologies of the past. It argues that political Islam, or Islamism, cannot be understood without reference to the broad ideology to which it ... More


Ideologies Are (Usually) Not Monolithic

John M. Owen IV

in Confronting Political Islam: Six Lessons from the West's Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173108
eISBN:
9781400852154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173108.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the second lesson that is relevant to political Islam and secularism today: ideologies are (usually) not monolithic. It first considers the situation in Europe in the early ... More


Foreign Interventions Are Normal

John M. Owen IV

in Confronting Political Islam: Six Lessons from the West's Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173108
eISBN:
9781400852154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173108.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the third lesson for Islamism and secularism: foreign interventions are normal. The United States is known to engage in various military interventions worldwide, including ... More


The Winner May Be “None of the Above”

John M. Owen IV

in Confronting Political Islam: Six Lessons from the West's Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173108
eISBN:
9781400852154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173108.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the fifth lesson: the winner may be “none of the above.” In the prolonged contest between Muslim secularism and Islamism, a number of questions arise: Will one ideology and ... More


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