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Force and mass

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Modern science could not advance until the ideas of force and mass were understood. Newton provided this understanding by stressing the role of momentum and by creating his three laws of motion. But ... More


On Gaining Perspective

Mia de Kuijper

in Profit Power Economics: A New Competitive Strategy for Creating Sustainable Wealth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195171631
eISBN:
9780199871353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171631.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Looking for underlying drivers to make sense of the present and to foretell the future is a time-tested trick. That is why this chapter (and the book, in various other places) quotes Virgil's Aeneid, ... More


Deep Inelastic Scattering

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The book provides a self-contained account of deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in high energy physics. It covers the classic results that lead to the quark-parton model of hadrons and the ... More


t w o The True Estimation of Living Forces Kant's Theory of Dynamics

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the text and contentions of Kant’s first book, Thoughts on the True Estimation of Living Forces (1747). Section 1 describes how Kant’s debut turned into a debacle. Section 2 ... More


A Model of Rayleigh-Bénard Convection

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents a model of Rayleigh–Bénard convection. It first describes the fundamental dynamics expected in a fluid that is convectively stable and in one that is convectively unstable, ... More


Review of quantum mechanics

Alan Corney

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211456
eISBN:
9780191705915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211456.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter derives the quantum mechanical wave functions which describe the energy levels of simple atoms. Schrödinger's equation is introduced as well and the angular part of the equation is ... More


Angular Momentum

Gary E. Bowman

in Essential Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Angular momentum is one of the more abstract topics in quantum mechanics. This chapter begins with a review of classical angular momentum. Quantum-mechanical angular momentum is then introduced by ... More


The Ends of Four Big Inflations

Thomas J. Sargent

in Rational Expectations and Inflation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158709
eISBN:
9781400847648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158709.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines several dramatic historical experiences that are consistent with the “rational expectations” view but that seem difficult to reconcile with the “momentum” model of inflation. ... More


Stopping Moderate Inflations: The Methods of Poincaré and Thatcher

Thomas J. Sargent

in Rational Expectations and Inflation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158709
eISBN:
9781400847648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158709.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the methods adopted by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her French counterpart Raymond Poincaré to reduce the rate of inflation. Advocates of the two main groups of ... More


Jupiter Winds and Weather

Andrew P. Ingersoll

in Planetary Climates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145044
eISBN:
9781400848232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145044.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter examines the effect of winds on Jupiter's weather. The Great Red Spot is an atmospheric structure—a storm—that is free to move about under the laws of fluid dynamics. On Earth, these ... More


Level densities and nuclear thermometry

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Based on the Darwin-Fowler approximation various models for the many-body level density Ω are introduced, critically examined, and confronted with empirical parameterizations. This concerns both the ... More


Field quantization

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The cavity-mode quantization conjecture of Chapter 2 is replaced by local commutation relations — which are independent of the size and shape of the cavity — between field-operator components. This ... More


The Dynamics of Growth

Alice H. Amsden

in Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195076035
eISBN:
9780199870691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195076036.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

Late industrialization is characterized by three facets of growth, as South Korea exemplifies. The first relates to diversification, or entrepreneurial decisions concerning penetration of new ... More


The laws

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The law of gravitation could not be proved and could not be applied unless the basic laws of motion were understood. Newton realized this and in an amazing intellectual tour de force, he formulated ... More


VORTEX HYDRODYNAMICS

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter deals with the discovery that ions interact with hydrodynamic structures of the superfluid in a way that can be explained only by assuming that the flow patterns in the superfluid are ... More


Picking Stocks to Beat the Market

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The third theme of behavioral finance is inefficient markets. In recent years scholars have produced considerable evidence that heuristic‐driven bias and frame dependence cause markets to be ... More


Biased Reactions to Earnings Announcements

Hersh Shefrin

in Beyond Greed and Fear: Understanding Behavioral Finance and the Psychology of Investing

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195161212
eISBN:
9780199832996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161211.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Mispricing is complicated. Sometimes mispricing results in reversals, while at other times it results in momentum. Momentum and reversals co‐exist, despite lying at diametrically opposite ends of the ... More


1 The geometric approach to GWs

Michele Maggiore

in Gravitational Waves: Volume 1: Theory and Experiments

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570745
eISBN:
9780191717666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570745.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses how gravitational waves emerge from general relativity, and what their properties are. The most straightforward approach is ‘linearized theory’, where the Einstein equations ... More


Three-Part Invention

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The Moon — caught in an exact balance of attractive and repulsive forces — orbits the Earth with flawless regularity, never faltering. A ball rolls predictably down a slope of a certain grade, always ... More


Superfluid 3He

A.J. Leggett

in Quantum Liquids: Bose condensation and Cooper pairing in condensed-matter systems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526438
eISBN:
9780191711954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526438.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

After a brief review of the properties of the normal state of liquid 3He and its description in terms of Landau Fermi-liquid theory, this chapter extends the BCS theory of pairing to the superfluid ... More


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