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The X‐ray laser and the single molecule — no crystal needed?

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Major increases in brightness are anticipated with the upcoming coherent X‐ray lasers. Extrapolation suggests that a single macromolecule ‘sample’ may be sufficient to generate a measurable X‐ray ... More


Matter-wave physics with nanoparticles and biomolecules

Christian Brand, Sandra Eibenberger, Ugur Sezer, and Markus Arndt

in Current Trends in Atomic Physics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198837190
eISBN:
9780191873973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837190.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The chapter discusses advances in matter-wave optics with complex molecules, generalizing Young’s double slit to high masses. The quantum wave-particle duality is visualized by monitoring the arrival ... More


MBE—The Early History

John Orton and Tom Foxon

in Molecular Beam Epitaxy: A Short History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199695829
eISBN:
9780191748844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695829.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

MBE is shown to originate from the development of semiconductor evaporation studies and the application of molecular beams to various scientific experiments. The Stern–Gerlach experiment to confirm ... More


Structure and bonding in the gaseous dihalides and dialkyl derivatives of the Group 2 and Group 12 metals

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter opens with a discussion of the difficulties of establishing unequivocally whether a monomeric, gaseous Group 2 metal dihalide has a linear or angular equilibrium structure. The ... More


From microscopic to macroscopic descriptions

Niels E. Henriksen and Flemming Y. Hansen

in Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199203864
eISBN:
9780191708251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203864.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses bimolecular reactions from both a microscopic and macroscopic point of view. The outcome of an isolated reactive scattering event can be specified in terms of an intrinsic ... More


Theory and Experiment

Anthony J. Stone

in The Theory of Intermolecular Forces

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672394
eISBN:
9780191751417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672394.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The theory must always be validated by reference to experiment. It is rarely possible to obtain full details of an intermolecular potential from experiment alone, though some molecular properties ... More


Semiconductor crystals

Thomas Ihn

in Semiconductor Nanostructures: Quantum states and electronic transport

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199534425
eISBN:
9780191715297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534425.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter provides a reminder of crystal structures in solids. It then discusses the fabrication of crystals and wafers of some semiconductor materials, such as that of silicon, germanium, and ... More


From Microscopic to Macroscopic Descriptions

Niels Engholm Henriksen and Flemming Yssing Hansen

in Theories of Molecular Reaction Dynamics: The Microscopic Foundation of Chemical Kinetics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198805014
eISBN:
9780191843129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805014.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses bimolecular reactions from both a microscopic and macroscopic point of view. The outcome of an isolated reactive scattering event can be specified in terms of an intrinsic ... More


Molecular Beam Epitaxy: A Short History

John Orton and Tom Foxon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199695829
eISBN:
9780191748844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695829.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book describes the development of MBE from its origins in the 1960s through to the present day. It begins with a short historical account of other methods of crystal growth, both bulk and ... More


Dynamics of Ground State Bimolecular Reactions

Curt Wittig and Ahmed H. Zewail

in Chemical Reactions in Clusters

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195090048
eISBN:
9780197560594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195090048.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

During the past decade, the study of photoinitiated reactive and inelastic processes within weakly bound gaseous complexes has evolved into an active area of research in the field of chemical ... More


Scalability, Random Surfaces, and Synchronized Computing Networks

Zoltan Toroczkai and György Korniss

in Computational Complexity and Statistical Physics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195177374
eISBN:
9780197562260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195177374.003.0020
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In most cases, it is impossible to describe and understand complex system dynamics via analytical methods. The density of problems that are rigorously solvable with analytic tools is vanishingly ... More


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