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Saṁsāra

Arvind Sharma

in Modern Hindu Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676389
eISBN:
9780199081974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676389.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

In classical Hinduism, the concept of samsāra was cosmological. A person lived in a universe with no beginning or end, assuming innumerable forms of life until he attained moksa. The concept of ... More


Mokṣa

Arvind Sharma

in Modern Hindu Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676389
eISBN:
9780199081974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676389.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The concept of moksa differs in classical and modern Hinduism. In the former, moksa is said to be essentially one of individual liberation. It is the individual jiva who passes beyond the realm of ... More


Karma Yoga

Arvind Sharma

in Modern Hindu Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676389
eISBN:
9780199081974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676389.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Karma yoga can be explained by referring to the Bhagavadgītā. To attain moksa, one should give up egocentric action, simply because egocentricism results in karma. However, this involves a paradox: ... More


Puruṣārthas

Arvind Sharma

in Modern Hindu Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676389
eISBN:
9780199081974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676389.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Modern Hinduism has constellated the doctrine of the purusārthas in ways unknown to classical Hinduism. Given the Hindu-Buddhist encounter in classical India, the fact that several different ... More


Aśvaghoṣa's Buddhacarita: A Buddhist Reading of the Sanskrit Epics and Their Treatments of Dharma

Alf Hiltebeitel

in Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195394238
eISBN:
9780199897452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394238.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter on Aśvaghoṣa's Buddhacarita returns to the question of biography, and takes up the centrality of dharma in this text. Aśvaghoṣa, a Brahmin convert to Buddhism and a versatile ... More


Karma

Arvind Sharma

in Modern Hindu Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676389
eISBN:
9780199081974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676389.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

In pre-modern Hinduism, karma was sometimes equated with fatalism. Modern Hinduism has rejected this notion by reasoning that the doctrine of karma views man himself as the architect of his life. ... More


Vedas

Arvind Sharma

in Modern Hindu Thought: An Introduction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195676389
eISBN:
9780199081974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195676389.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Classical Hinduism accepted, by and large, the dogma of Vedic authority and infallibility as far as knowledge about dharma and moksa was concerned; it did so on the basis of the claim that the Vedas ... More


The Quest for Liberation-in-Life: A Survey of Early Works on Haṭha- and Rājayoga

Jason Birch

in The Oxford History of Hinduism: Hindu Practice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198733508
eISBN:
9780191797958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733508.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The Haṭha- and Rājayoga texts which were composed before the Haṭhapradīpikā (mid-fifteenth century CE) provide a window onto what might be considered the formative phase of these types of yoga. This ... More


You Are the Absolute: Philosophies of India

Diana Lobel

in The Quest for God and the Good: World Philosophy as a Living Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153157
eISBN:
9780231527019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153157.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the teachings of the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gītā concerning God and the good. For both the Upanishads and the Gītā, the goal to be pursued in life is liberation from ... More


A Phone Call by the River

Paul M. McNeil

in The American Isherwood

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816683611
eISBN:
9781452949291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816683611.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter offers a reading of Christopher Isherwood’s final novel, A Meeting by the River (1967), which explores the moral challenges he had glimpsed dimly between 1940 and 1951. In a letter from ... More


Cārvāka on Values

Pradeep P. Gokhale

in Lokāyata/Cārvāka: A Philosophical Inquiry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199460632
eISBN:
9780199085507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460632.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter deals with the value perspectives of the Cārvākas. Against the popular view that Cārvākas have no moral stand-point, it argues how they do have one. Yet, corresponding to the diversity ... More


Comparative Philosophy: What it is and what it Ought to be

Nalini Bhushan, Jay L. Garfield, and Daniel Raveh (eds)

in Contrary Thinking: Selected Essays of Daya Krishna

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199795550
eISBN:
9780190267636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795550.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Daya Krishna reflects on comparative philosophy. In particular, he identifies a problem that is at the core of all comparative studies—that what passes for a transcultural or ... More


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