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Nominal Structure

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Personal pronouns and proper names are inherently grounded. The structure of other nominals tends to reflect semantic function, with the head noun as core, grounding as the outermost layer, and ... More


Grammatical Classes

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The standard doctrine that basic grammatical classes (parts of speech) are not semantically definable rests on erroneous assumptions about the nature of linguistic meaning. With a proper view of ... More


Constructions: Descriptive Factors

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Constructions are characterized in terms of four basic factors: correspondences, profiling, elaboration, and constituency. Correspondences are the basis for semantic and grammatical integration; they ... More


Epilogue

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book has presented a cross-linguistic overview of the constituents that together make up the integral noun phrase (NP). Most NP constituents were discussed in some detail, including articles, ... More


The supplement relation: a syntactic alternative

Christopher Potts

in The Logic of Conventional Implicatures

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273829
eISBN:
9780191706653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273829.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Throughout this book, supplements are held to have a fully integrated syntax; they are typically adjoined as regular modifiers. The intuition that they are somehow separate from their containing ... More


Localizing Modifiers in the Noun Phrase

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter is concerned with the third major modifier category in the noun phrase (NP), localising operators and localising satellites, which relate to locative properties of the referent of the ... More


Word Order in the Noun Phrase

Helma Dik

in Word Order in Greek Tragic Dialogue

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279296
eISBN:
9780191706905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279296.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter turns from the ordering of constituents in the clause to the internal ordering of constituents themselves. In particular, it discusses the position of some frequent adjectives and other ... More


Locative Prepositions and Place

Arhonto Terzi

in Mapping Spatial PPs: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 6

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393675
eISBN:
9780199796847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393675.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter builds, on the basis of Greek evidence, a convincing argument for the presence of a silent noun PLACE, which the complex locative preposition modifies (much like an adjective), and which ... More


Necessity

Colin McGinn

in Logical Properties: Identity, Existence, Predication, Necessity, Truth

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241811
eISBN:
9780191598029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241813.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The view that modal expressions can be successfully paraphrased by means of quantification over possible worlds is rejected on the grounds that such translations are either circular or inadequate. It ... More


The Principle of Scope

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

According to the Principle of Scope, the semantic distance of grammatical and lexical modifiers relative to the head in the underlying structure is iconically reflected in the actual linguistic ... More


Expanding the Data Set

Jeroen van Craenenbroeck

in The Syntax of Ellipsis: Evidence from Dutch Dialects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195375640
eISBN:
9780199871612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375640.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter further extends the data set of this book in two ways. First of all, it briefly discusses the occurrence of spading in Eastern Norwegian and French. Secondly, it focuses on two other ... More


The Noun Phrase

Jan Rijkhoff

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book investigates noun phrases in a representative sample of the world's 6,000 or so languages and proposes a semantic model to describe their underlying structure in any natural language. It ... More


Relation with the Referent

D.N.S. BHAT

in Pronouns

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199230242
eISBN:
9780191710124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230242.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter discusses a conflict in the relationship between personal pronouns and their referents. In order to denote speech roles efficiently and to function as shifters, they need to be ... More


Preliminaries

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book presents a cross-linguistic account of the constituents of the noun phrase (NP), looks at a typologically formal model of the underlying NP structure that is designed to accommodate NPs ... More


Qualifying Modifiers in the Noun Phrase

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter discusses elements that relate to the notion quality in that they specify inherent features of the referent. Cross-linguistically, there are two categories that pertain to such features ... More


Greenbergian Word Order Correlations and the Principle of Head Proximity

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The Principle of Head Proximity is an interpretation of the word order facts in which languages are classified as V-1 (V-initial), SVO, or SOV. There is a general tendency across languages to avoid ... More


The Linguistic Expression of Causation

Ad Neeleman and Hans van de Koot

in The Theta System: Argument Structure at the Interface

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602513
eISBN:
9780191739200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602513.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

It is commonly assumed that the linguistic representation of causation includes a causing event. We argue that this is not the case, neither in the syntactic nor in the lexical semantic ... More


Sentence Construction: Modification

Jeanne Fahnestock

in Rhetorical Style: The Uses of Language in Persuasion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199764129
eISBN:
9780199918928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764129.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Outside of the subject, verb, and object in an independent clause, everything else in a sentence is modification, the specifying detail that often carries or constrains an argument. Patterns of ... More


How Not to Theorize about the Language of Subjective Uncertainty

Eric Swanson

in Epistemic Modality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199591596
eISBN:
9780191729027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591596.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the following four desiderata must not be neglected when we theorize about the language of subjective uncertainty. Firstly, we must successfully explain the effects this ... More


Phonology and dependency

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume III: Phonology-Syntax Analogies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608331
eISBN:
9780191732119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608331.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

The presence of the dependency relation, more familiar from discussions of syntax, is nevertheless argued to be a basic analogy between phonological and syntactic structure: it grammaticalizes ... More


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