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Modern, Anti, Post, and Neo: How Intellectuals Explain “Our Time”

Jeffrey C. Alexander

in The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160840
eISBN:
9780199944156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160840.003.0023
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter examines modernization theories of society and proposes that contemporary social theory must be much more sensitive to the apparent reconvergence of the world's regimes. It analyzes ... More


 The Thirties to the Fifties: Totalitarianism and the Second American Enlightenment

David Ciepley

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the United States, in contrast to continental Europe, science and social reform maintained generally positive relations with organized Christianity into the twentieth century. After World War Two, ... More


After Modernization Theory: Historical Sociology and the Belicose Constitution of Western Modernity

Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl

in War in Social Thought: Hobbes to the Present

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150840
eISBN:
9781400844746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150840.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter explores the connections between war and modernity as well as developments in Anglo-American historical sociology and its emphasis on war. Within American sociology, the turn to “war” ... More


The Development Decade

Amanda Kay McVety

in Enlightened Aid: U.S. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796915
eISBN:
9780199933266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796915.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

John F. Kennedy eagerly embraced the use of foreign aid as an instrument of foreign policy, reforming the existing Point Four model into the US Agency for International Development. Lyndon Johnson ... More


Counterinsurgency and the Ideology of Modernization

M.L.R. Smith and David Martin Jones

in The Political Impossibility of Modern Counterinsurgency: Strategic Problems, Puzzles, and Paradoxes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231170000
eISBN:
9780231539128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170000.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter looks at the revival of contemporary thinking about counterinsurgency (COIN), emphasizing its renaissance in the U.S. military. COIN's reemergence can be classified into two specific ... More


International Social Development

Susan C. Mapp

in Human Rights and Social Justice in a Global Perspective: An Introduction to International Social Work

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195313451
eISBN:
9780199893423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313451.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter begins with a discussion of the effect of maps on our worldview. It then considers two primary theories of development: modernization theory and dependency theory. Distorted development ... More


Strategic Modernization Theory Bogs Down in the Vietnam Quagmire

Michael C. Desch

in Cult of the Irrelevant: The Waning Influence of Social Science on National Security

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691181219
eISBN:
9780691184906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181219.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter looks at the rise and fall of strategic modernization theory. One of the key figures in bridging the worlds of nuclear strategy and political and economic development, not to mention ... More


Bringing the Peace Corps Home: Development in the Black Freedom Movement

Molly Geidel

in Peace Corps Fantasies: How Development Shaped the Global Sixties

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816692217
eISBN:
9781452952468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692217.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Following the paths of development workers and discourses as they returned home, the fourth and fifth chapters argue that the Peace Corps and modernization theory guided the vision and strategy of ... More


The Company and the Campus

Mark Neocleous

in Critique of Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633289
eISBN:
9780748671984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633289.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter has two aspects. First, it explores what is commonly understood as the rise of private security. But instead of resting on the public-private distinction, the chapter instead argues that ... More


Skeptical Patients: Performance, Social Capital, and Culture

Pippa Norris

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter seeks to explain the decline of trust of social and political institutions through three theories: institutional performance-based accounts, social capital theories, and cultural ... More


Modernization Theories

Raj Kollmorgen

in The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829911
eISBN:
9780191868368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Modernization theories represent one of the most important and most controversial approaches in transformation research. After their golden age in the 1950s and 1960s, they came under pressure by ... More


Modernization, Globalization, and Satisfaction with Democracy

Kees Aarts, Carolien van Ham, and Jacques Thomassen

in Myth and Reality of the Legitimacy Crisis: Explaining Trends and Cross-National Differences in Established Democracies

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198793717
eISBN:
9780191835520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793717.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter tests the validity of the major propositions of modernization and globalization theories. Modernization theory attributes legitimacy decline to the socioeconomic and cultural ... More


Reflections on the Concept of Modernity

Detlef Pollack and Gergely Rosta

in Religion and Modernity: An International Comparison

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198801665
eISBN:
9780191840302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801665.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Part I contains theoretical reflections on the two central concepts of the book: modernity and religion. This chapter on the concept of modernity begins by addressing the main reservations that have ... More


Religion as a Political Factor in Latin America: The Peruvian Case

Jorge Aragón Trelles

in Democracy, Culture, Catholicism: Voices from Four Continents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267309
eISBN:
9780823272334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267309.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Mainstream modernization and secularization theories once predicted a gradual decline in the importance of religion as a factor in people’s political orientations. Evidence has not borne out this ... More


Wholesome Modernization

Charles R. Kim

in Youth for Nation: Culture and Protest in Cold War South Korea

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824855949
eISBN:
9780824875602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824855949.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

The postwar crisis encompassed a cultural crisis wrought by wartime devastation and the rapid influx of Euro-American things and ways. Among mainstream intellectuals, wholesome modernization was the ... More


Kennedy, Johnson and the USOIDP: Theory and Practice

in The evolving role of nation-building in US foreign policy: Lessons learned, lessons lost

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719087509
eISBN:
9781781704882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087509.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter contrasts the Kennedy administration's approach with that of Eisenhower, examining how political culture shaped its ‘modernization’ theoretical framework and its application in ... More


Filming Modernity in the Tropics: The Amazon, Walt Disney, and the Antecedents of Modernization Theory

Barbara Weinstein

in Intimate Frontiers: A Literary Geography of the Amazon

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781786941831
eISBN:
9781789623598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941831.003.0010
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Through an analysis of the documentary film The Amazon Awakens (1944) this essay posits the use of the tenets of modernization theory in the film’s representation of the Amazon as a way to invent it ... More


The Swiss El Dorado?: Education and Social Mobility in Twentieth-Century Switzerland

Julie Falcon

in Education and Intergenerational Social Mobility in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781503610163
eISBN:
9781503611153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503610163.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Until fairly recently little was known about trends in intergenerational social mobility in Switzerland and the mediating role of education in this process. With lasting high standards of living, big ... More


Studying Sufism in Context

Rüdiger Seesemann

in The Divine Flood: Ibrahim Niasse and the Roots of a Twentieth-Century Sufi Revival

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384321
eISBN:
9780199897421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384321.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This introductory chapter lays out the book's theoretical and methodological agenda, which aims to combine the philological study of texts with the study of the communities where these texts are ... More


Heroic Development in an Age of Decline

Molly Geidel

in Peace Corps Fantasies: How Development Shaped the Global Sixties

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816692217
eISBN:
9781452952468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692217.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Geidel explains how the United States used modernization theory to maintain power in a time when countries all over the world were moving towards decolonization. “Modernity” was the end goal rather ... More


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