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Reconstructing Darwinism: from Darwin to the genome via the Modern Synthesis

Antonio Fontdevila

in The Dynamic Genome: A Darwinian Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199541379
eISBN:
9780191728532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541379.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

This chapter deals with the traditional objections to the Modern Synthesis to decide whether the genome perusal forces us to update (or change) this synthesis. After a journey from Darwin's ideas to ... More


Historicizing the Synthesis: Critical Insights and Pivotal Moments in the Long History of Evolutionary Theory

Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis

in The Theory of Evolution: Principles, Concepts, and Assumptions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226671024
eISBN:
9780226671338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226671338.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This paper focuses on pivotal moments in the long history of evolutionary biology in the way of understanding some of the major developments leading to the synthetic theory of evolution. It tracks ... More


History of investigations

Michael L. Arnold

in Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins with a brief history of pre-Darwinian, evolutionary studies concerning genetic exchange. It then discusses various organismal systems to exemplify some ways in which post-Modern ... More


Elements of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis

Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book reviews the directions that contribute to an Extended Synthesis. It deals with the significant advances in the understanding of the tightly linked ideas (in the Modern Synthesis [MS]) of ... More


Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1809—the year of Charles Darwin's birth—Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published Philosophie zoologique, the first comprehensive and systematic theory of biological evolution. The Lamarckian approach ... More


Chance in the Modern Synthesis

Anya Plutynski, Kenneth Blake Vernon, Lucas John Matthews, and Daniel Molter

in Chance in Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226401744
eISBN:
9780226401911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226401911.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The “modern synthesis” in evolutionary biology involved agreement upon a core theoretical framework in biology, the collection, integration and popular communication of a variety of different types ... More


Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In the six decades since the publication of Julian Huxley’s Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, the spectacular empirical advances in the biological sciences have been accompanied by equally significant ... More


Introduction: The Exclusion of Soft (“Lamarckian”) Inheritance from the Modern Synthesis

Snait B. Gissis and Eva Jablonka

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the Modern Synthesis of evolution that emerged between the 1920s and 1950s and persisted in the 1960s. The Modern Synthesis refers to the fusion of ideas among biologists about ... More


Natural Selection, Adaptation, and the Recovery of Development

David J. Depew

in Challenging the Modern Synthesis: Adaptation, Development, and Inheritance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199377176
eISBN:
9780199377190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199377176.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter begins by contrasting Spencer’s view of natural selection with Darwin’s understanding of its “paramount power.” Darwin’s interpretation contains seeds of a defining mark of the modern ... More


Challenging the Modern Synthesis: Adaptation, Development, and Inheritance

Philippe Huneman and Denis Walsh (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199377176
eISBN:
9780199377190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199377176.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Since its origin in the early 20th century, the modern synthesis theory of evolution has grown to represent the orthodox view on the process of organic evolution. It is a powerful and successful ... More


“Chance Caught on the Wing”: Metaphysical Commitment or Methodological Artifact?

Denis M. Walsh

in Challenging the Modern Synthesis: Adaptation, Development, and Inheritance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780199377176
eISBN:
9780199377190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199377176.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Jacques Monod’s Chance and Necessity poses a paradox for modern biology: Organisms both must be and cannot be purposive systems. To resolve the paradox we must explain purpose by appeals to ... More


Moving on

Arlin Stoltzfus

in Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198844457
eISBN:
9780191880063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844457.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Chapter 10 includes a synopsis of key points from previous chapters as well as reflections on changing explananda, notions of causation, and the importance of identifying testable theories. The ... More


The “Species Concept” and the Beginnings of Paleobiology

David Sepkoski

in Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226377445
eISBN:
9780226377582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226377582.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

In the late 1940s, the discipline of paleontology took major steps towards becoming more fully integrated into the community of evolutionary biology. Key to this process was the development of ... More


Multilevel Selection and Major Transitions

David Sloan Wilson

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the debate on group selection, a concept that has experienced vertiginous ups and downs since the 1960s, and brings it up to modern standards within the broader context of ... More


Integrating Genomics into Evolutionary Theory

Gregory A. Wray

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter characterizes the consequences of a shift of focus from individual genes to gene networks. It describes some of the opportunities and challenges that the genomic era brings to ... More


Why Did the Modern Synthesis Give Short Shrift to “Soft Inheritance”?

Adam Wilkins

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents three important reasons why evolutionary biologists dismissed Lamarckism or soft inheritance from the Modern Synthesis. The first is the legacy of adhering to August Weismann's ... More


The Use and Non-Use of the Human Nature Concept by Evolutionary Biologists

Peter J. Richerson

in Why We Disagree About Human Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198823650
eISBN:
9780191862267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823650.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A number of prominent modern evolutionists embraced ‘human nature’, signalling their commitment to the Modern Synthesis. Their claim is that for most of our evolutionary history, culture was of ... More


Setting the Scene

Jonathan B. Edelmann

in Hindu Theology and Biology: The Bhagavata Purana and Contemporary Theory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641543
eISBN:
9780191732232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641543.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

Introduces the Bhāgavata Purāṇa and its commentarial tradition as seen within the context of traditional Indian thought and modern Indological studies, highlighting the specific theological and ... More


Complexities in Genome Structure and Evolution

Michael Purugganan

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter analyzes the revolutionary impact of genomic science on the study of evolution, and addresses the issues that modern evolutionary biology has either learned or needs to grapple with in ... More


The Crooked Paths of Cell Evolution: Cell Evolution Is Special

Franklin M. Harold

in In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The common understanding of evolution, formalized in the Modern Synthesis, is flawed by the neglect of the microbial world, together with most of biological history and diversity. The torrent of ... More


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