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Plural Societies

R. D. Grillo

in Pluralism and the Politics of Difference: State, Culture, and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294269
eISBN:
9780191599378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294263.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

There is no single crisis of the contemporary nation state, but a multiplicity of crises, one of which has centrally to do with ethnicity and cultural difference and how to handle pluralism. ... More


Equality in Post‐Modern Times

Michael Rustin

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Michael Rustin examines Michael Walzer's theory of justice against the background of significant currents in modern socio‐philosophical thought. He argues that Walzer's attempt to revitalize the ... More


Postmodernization Erodes Respect for Authority, But Increases Support for Democracy

Ronald Inglehart

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Presents an analysis of the reasons for the post‐modern shift to declining respect for/deference to authority among the publics of advanced industrial societies, and of the accompanying growing ... More


Religious Emotion, Late Modern Society, and Culture

Ole Riis and Linda Woodhead

in A Sociology of Religious Emotion

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567607
eISBN:
9780191722493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567607.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The three central topics of interest in this chapter — religion, emotion, and late modern society — are all the subject of extensive academic debate, but have not been brought together. This chapter ... More


Social and Political Trust in Established Democracies

Kenneth Newton

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Deals with three main topics: the nature and origins of social trust and its importance in society; trends in social trust in Western societies (with some comparisons with less developed societies); ... More


Pluralism and the Postmodern Condition

R. D. Grillo

in Pluralism and the Politics of Difference: State, Culture, and Ethnicity in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294269
eISBN:
9780191599378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294263.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the last third of the twentieth century, contrary to what modernity predicted, ethnic and cultural difference had a high salience, and contemporary societies in Europe and North America felt ... More


Conclusion

Chandran Kukathas

in The Liberal Archipelago: A Theory of Diversity and Freedom

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257546
eISBN:
9780191599705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925754X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the theory proposed in this book. It argues that this theory is indeed a liberal theory despite the fact that it is at odds with contemporary liberalism. It presents ... More


The Quakers in English Society, 1655-1725

Adrian Davies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208204
eISBN:
9780191677953
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208204.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

The early Quakers denounced the clergy and social élite but how did that affect Friends' relationships with others? Drawing upon the insights of sociologists and ... More


Marks of Identity

Peter Brooks

in Enigmas of Identity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151588
eISBN:
9781400839698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151588.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter begins by looking at a very literal form of marks of identity—fingerprints—then examines the obsession of modern societies with issues of identity. While the notion of identity is not ... More


Belle of the Brawl: The Boxer between Sensationalism and Sport

Erik N. Jensen

in Body by Weimar: Athletes, Gender, and German Modernity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195395648
eISBN:
9780199866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395648.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History, European Modern History

Boxing rings, whether in sports arenas or burlesque theaters, afforded men and women stages on which to create larger‐than‐life personas and to test the limits of socially acceptable ... More


Conclusions: Cultural Politics

Paul E. Willis

in Profane Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163697
eISBN:
9781400865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163697.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter offers some final insights on the dialectic relationships performed by both the motor-bike and hippy cultures, and identifies what constitutes as their cultural politics. Both cultures ... More


Mythicizing History

Gregor Thum

in Uprooted: How Breslau Became Wroclaw during the Century of Expulsions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140247
eISBN:
9781400839964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140247.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how the study of local history as an “act of self-reassurance” has grown in importance as societies have become mobile and people are less tied to a specific location. Historian ... More


Against Parsimony: Three Easy Ways of Complicating Some Categories of Economic Discourse

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter takes up several critiques on the early nineteenth-century social and economic order—capitalism—and their interrelations. First, the chapter shows the close relationship and direct ... More


Observations and Conclusions

Milton J. Lewis

in Medicine and Care of the Dying: A Modern History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195175486
eISBN:
9780199999903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175486.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses and reviews subjects such as the effects of the heritage of medical reductionism on the care of the dying and the cultural sources of caring in “secular” and late-modern ... More


Deweyan Pragmatism and American Education

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines the connection between John Dewey's pragmatism and his ideas about education, and how his conception of philosophy is related to his views about the character of modern society ... More


Uniquely Human Prosocial Behaviors

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter opens with a description of four phases in the evolution of human societies. In the first phase, humans formed small hierarchically-organized groups similar to those of other primates. ... More


The “family-community” Model in Haredi Society

Peter Y. Medding

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: Volume XIV: Coping with Life and Death: Jewish Families in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195128208
eISBN:
9780199854592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128208.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Religion

In the historical and economic reality of Eastern Europe in the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, the Lithuanian yeshivah and its “society of scholars” did not constitute a ... More


Realms of Meaning

Douglas C. Comer

in Ritual Ground: Bent's Old Fort, World Formation, and the Annexation of the Southwest

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520204294
eISBN:
9780520918702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520204294.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the realms of meaning, created through ritual, as they appeared and formed in both traditional and modern societies, explaining that, in ritual behavior, people influence one ... More


Conclusion

TILL WAHNBAECK

in Luxury and Public Happiness: Political Economy in the Italian Enlightenment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199269839
eISBN:
9780191710056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269839.003.0011
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter discusses how the notion of luxury in Europe changed over the course of the 18th century. It explains that luxury became the driving force of modern commercial society because it ... More


Introduction

Lawrence Stone

in Broken Lives: Separation and Divorce in England, 1660-1857

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202547
eISBN:
9780191675393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202547.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter presents historical background on separation and divorce in pre-modern society and various legal or judicial processes involved in marriage and divorce. It introduces the case studies of ... More


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