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Mathematics and Physical Reality

Geoffrey Hellman

in Mathematics without Numbers: Towards a Modal-Structural Interpretation

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240341
eISBN:
9780191597664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240341.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Strategies for extending the modal‐structural approach to applications of mathematics are explored. The basic idea is to entertain what relationships would hold between a non‐mathematical system of ... More


Introduction

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Laws and Symmetry

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248606
eISBN:
9780191597459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248601.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The historical role of the concept of a law of nature in medieval and early modern physics engendered a view of science as continuous with metaphysics, which has tended to dominate philosophy of ... More


Neo-Kantianism, Scientific Realism, and Modern Physics

Michael Friedman

in Scientific Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696499
eISBN:
9780191744983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696499.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Kant’s original philosophical project took Euclidean geometry and Newtonian mechanics as synthetic a priori sciences fixed for all time. Developments in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century ... More


Introduction: Time, Space, and Population

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

Time and space are intimately related in the world of human affairs no less than in the world of modern physics. The longest time scale is that of the so-called longue duree, a term that is ... More


Introduction: Ether—The Multiple Lives of a Resilient Concept

Massimiliano Badino and Jaume Navarro

in Ether and Modernity: The recalcitrance of an epistemic object in the early twentieth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198797258
eISBN:
9780191838750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797258.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter addresses the historiography that justifies the contents of this book along the three major lines: (i) the usual divide between classical physics and modern physics is misleading when ... More


The Event Universe: The Revisionary Metaphysics of Alfred North Whitehead

Leemon B. McHenry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474400343
eISBN:
9781474416108
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400343.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What kinds of things are events? Battles, explosions, accidents, crashes, rock concerts would be typical examples of events and these would be reinforced in the way we speak about the world. Events ... More


Descriptive Metaphysics

Leemon B. McHenry

in The Event Universe: The Revisionary Metaphysics of Alfred North Whitehead

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474400343
eISBN:
9781474416108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400343.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Strawson’s famous distinction between descriptive and revisionary metaphysics describes two different methodological approaches to the question of fundamental ontology. This chapter focuses mainly on ... More


Introduction: Pedagogy and the Institutions of Theory

in Drawing Theories Apart: The Dispersion of Feynman Diagrams in Postwar Physics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226422664
eISBN:
9780226422657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226422657.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Few scientists have surpassed Richard Feynman (1918–88) as a widely recognized scientific icon. For all of Feynman's many contributions to modern physics, his diagrams have had the widest and longest ... More


The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

J. B. Shank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Nothing is considered more natural than the connection between Isaac Newton's science and the modernity that came into being during the eighteenth-century Enlightenment in France. Terms like ... More


The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Nicholas Mee

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The Cosmic Mystery Tour is a brief account of modern physics and astronomy presented in a broad historical and cultural context. The book is attractively illustrated and aimed at the general reader. ... More


The Dialectic of Mechanism

James Kreines

in Reason in the World: Hegel's Metaphysics and Its Philosophical Appeal

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780190204303
eISBN:
9780190204327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190204303.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

Hegel claims that the reasons which explain things are always found in immanent concepts, universals, or kinds. The most important threat to this “concept thesis,” for Hegel, is this: early modern ... More


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