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English: The “Irritation” of Nuance

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter explores the difference between English and its sister languages. It shows that in the emergence of Modern English, simplification dominated complexification to a greater extent than in ... More


Evidence: Words, Ideas, and Cultural Practices

Anna Wierzbicka

in Experience, Evidence, and Sense: The Hidden Cultural Legacy of English

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195368000
eISBN:
9780199867653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368000.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter focuses on the meanings of the word evidence in a historical and cultural perspective and on the new discourse of evidence, which plays a fundamental role in modern English across a wide ... More


The separated genitive in English

Cynthia L. Allen

in Genitives in Early English: Typology and Evidence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216680
eISBN:
9780191711893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216680.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This chapter looks at the ‘his genitive’ in earlier stages of English. It is concluded that except for a brief period in Early Modern English, there is no evidence for a possessor doubling ... More


Determiners and possessives

Cynthia L. Allen

in Genitives in Early English: Typology and Evidence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199216680
eISBN:
9780191711893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216680.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, English Language

This chapter examines combinations of determiners and possessives in earlier English. While the combination determiner + possessive is well attested in other Germanic languages, the combination ... More


English Causative Constructions in an Ethnosyntactic Perspective: Focusing on Let

ANNA WIERZBICKA

in Ethnosyntax: Explorations in Grammar and Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199266500
eISBN:
9780191719363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266500.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on one area of ‘cultural elaboration’ in grammar, namely, on the elaboration of causal relations in modern English. Topics discussed include causation and patterns of social ... More


The Loss of Verb-Second and the Switch from Bounded to Unbounded Systems

Bettelou Los

in Information Structure and Syntactic Change in the History of English

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860210
eISBN:
9780199949601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860210.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter discusses the consequences of the loss of the verb-second rule in Old English and Middle English for the organization of information in the clause. The hypotheses about the consequences ... More


England's Helicon: Fountains in Early Modern Literature and Culture

Hester Lees-Jeffries

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199230785
eISBN:
9780191696473
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230785.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This book is about one of the most important features of early modern gardens: the fountain. It is also a detailed study of works by Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, and Ben Jonson, and of an ... More


Old English Syntax: Concord, The Parts of Speech, and the Sentence

Bruce Mitchell

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198119357
eISBN:
9780191671159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198119357.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

The aim of this work is to chart the whole realm of the syntax of Old English. It adopts the formal descriptive approach and the traditional Latin-based grammar because, as the book states, these ... More


Discourse Status and Syntax in the History of English: Some Explorations in Topicalization, Left-Dislocation, and There-Constructions

Javier Pérez-Guerra

in Information Structure and Syntactic Change in the History of English

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199860210
eISBN:
9780199949601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860210.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter deals with the study of the discourse status of noun phrases occupying a topicalized, left-dislocated, or (in there-sentences) postverbal position, and discusses the connection between ... More


The Diachronic Perspective: An Outlook to the Impersonal Construction in Middle and Early Modern English

Ruth Möhlig-Falke

in The Early English Impersonal Construction: An Analysis of Verbal and Constructional Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199777723
eISBN:
9780199933310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777723.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

The morphosyntactic analysis of the verbs that were capable of impersonal use in Old English (OE) was undertaken with the aim of determining the role that the impersonal construction had in the OE ... More


Editing Scribally Published Texts

Harold Love

in Scribal Publication in Seventeenth-Century England

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112198
eISBN:
9780191670695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112198.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter discusses the value of genealogical reasoning to the editing of scribally transmitted texts in early modern English. It notes that there has been much negativism over this matter in ... More


The historical syntax problem:reanalysis and directionality

Andrew Garrett

in Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199582624
eISBN:
9780191731068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter suggests that the interest in reanalysis as a mechanism of change, while rightly focusing attention on syntactic structure, also contributes to a blinkered view of diachrony. It ... More


Milton's Angels: The Early-Modern Imagination

Joad Raymond

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199560509
eISBN:
9780191701801
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560509.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Milton's Paradise Lost is a poem about angels. It is told by and of angels; it relies upon their conflicts, communications, and miscommunications. They are the creatures of Milton's narrative, ... More


Early loanwords from Latin and Greek

D. Gary Miller

in External Influences on English: From its Beginnings to the Renaissance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654260
eISBN:
9780191742064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654260.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Lexicography

The main phonological changes from Latin to Vulgar Latin / Romance and from early Germanic to Old English are outlined in order to devise criteria for dating prehistoric borrowings. This is followed ... More


Conspicuous Constructions

David Kuchta

in The Three-Piece Suit and Modern Masculinity: England, 1550-1850

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520214934
eISBN:
9780520921399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520214934.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter traces the origins of the three-piece suit and seeks to reconsider the importance of this process by which explicitly political decisions and values become internalized, personalized, ... More


Alexander the Great in Early Modern English Drama

Jane Grogan

in Beyond Greece and Rome: Reading the Ancient Near East in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198767114
eISBN:
9780191821301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198767114.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter provides an overview of Alexander the Great in early modern English drama, as a popular but ambiguous emissary of the ancient near east. Alexander’s appeal and notoriety both in Europe ... More


Employment and Labour Productivity

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses a possible resolution to the dispute between the two changes that pushed up labour productivity. A reassessment of the contribution of enclosure to the growth of labour ... More


The Rise of the To−Dative in Middle English

Thomas McFadden

in Syntactic Effects of Morphological Change

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250691
eISBN:
9780191719455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250691.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter keys the rise of to-datives to the loss of dative case and views it as a continuation of the older direct-indirect object order, where the indirect case was marked for a dative case. It ... More


Borrowing from Latin and French after 1500

Philip Durkin

in Borrowed Words: A History of Loanwords in English

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199574995
eISBN:
9780191771446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574995.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography, Historical Linguistics

The background to lexical borrowing in English from Latin and French after 1500 is established in a survey of some of the key developments in language use and in the development of English as a ... More


Speech Representation in the History of English: Topics and Approaches

Peter J. Grund and Terry Walker (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780190918064
eISBN:
9780190918095
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190918064.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language, Historical Linguistics

This volume explores the speech representation of the past, comprising in-depth analyses of how speakers and writers mark, structure, and discuss a previous speech event or fictional speech in the ... More


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