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Developing Conceptual Foundations for Randomized Controlled Trials

Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

in Randomized Controlled Trials: Design and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333190
eISBN:
9780199864317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 4 reviews the central role of conceptual frameworks in RCTs. The purpose of the conceptual framework in an RCT is to provide a system of ideas for understanding how an intervention is ... More


Understanding Risk and Protective Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides definitions of risk factors and protective factors against delinquency and later offending and discusses some key issues arising in risk factor research, particularly regarding ... More


Distinguishing Between Prediction and Influence: Multiple Processes Underlying Attitude-Behavior Consistency

Leandre R. Fabrigar, Duane T. Wegener, and Tara K. MacDonald

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The authors present a general framework for organizing the moderators of the attitude-behavior relationships suggested in the literature, focusing on several central distinctions. First, they ... More


Belief in a Just World, Perceived Fairness, and Justification of the Status Quo

Carolyn L. Hafer and Becky L. Choma

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses primarily on the system justifying properties of a belief in a just world (BJW); that is, a belief that people get what they deserve. The chapter presents a review of research on ... More


Assessing Bias and Variations in Effects

Julia H. Littell, Jacqueline Corcoran, and Vijayan Pillai

in Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195326543
eISBN:
9780199864959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326543.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

There are several ways to detect publication bias and assess its influence in a meta-analysis. This chapter identifies out-dated methods and describes current approaches. It discusses cumulative ... More


Religion

Fergus Campbell

in The Irish Establishment 1879-1914

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199233229
eISBN:
9780191716232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233229.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter begins by discussing the shifting power of the Catholic and Protestant churches during the post‐Famine period and shows that Catholic power over the state and nationalist politics was ... More


Presidential Debates: Risky Business on the Campaign Trail

Alan Schroeder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231170574
eISBN:
9780231541503
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170574.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Alan Schroeder’s big-picture history recounts the phenomenon of American televised presidential debates and its evolution over the past half century. From pundits to political operatives, from debate ... More


Focus Groups

Cindy Dell Clark

in In A Younger Voice: Doing Child-Centered Qualitative Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195376593
eISBN:
9780199865437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376593.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

A method attributed to Robert Merton, focus groups first disseminated in applied, commercial inquiry. In recent decades, focus groups have also infiltrated academic circles, including for ... More


Moderator of the General Assembly

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0035
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter thirty-five recounts Hodge’s time as Moderator of the General Assembly in 1846. While Moderator, the Assembly addressed the key issues of slavery and Presbyterian Parochial Schools. In 1847, ... More


Interpersonal Rejection

Mark R. Leary (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195130157
eISBN:
9780199847761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130157.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Interpersonal rejection ranks among the most potent and distressing events that people experience. Romantic refusal, ostracism, betrayal, stigmatization, job termination, and other kinds of denial ... More


Damper Pedal

Donna Louise Gunn

in Discoveries from the Fortepiano: A Manual for Beginners and Seasoned Performers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199396634
eISBN:
9780199396672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396634.003.0012
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

The chapter explores the role of the knee-operated pedal in eighteenth-century pianos, particularly the Walter fortepiano. Various uses such as changing timbre, sustaining the bass, changing affekt, ... More


São Paulo 1965–1971 and Montevideo 1963–1973

Anthony James Joes

in Urban Guerrilla Warfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124377
eISBN:
9780813134833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124377.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

When the armed forces took control of Brazil in 1964, they assumed a “moderator role,” allowing them to perform constitutional functions similar to the US Supreme Court. After the army removed the ... More


The Company of Pastors

Scott M. Manetsch

in Calvin's Company of Pastors: Pastoral Care and the Emerging Reformed Church, 1536-1609

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199938575
eISBN:
9780199980741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199938575.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Chapter 2 describes John Calvin’s initial efforts to recruit a competent pastoral company for Geneva’s churches, and offers quantitative evidence as to the geographical origins, social location, and ... More


The Predebate Debate

Alan Schroeder

in Presidential Debates: Risky Business on the Campaign Trail

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231170574
eISBN:
9780231541503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170574.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

A look at the pros and cons of participation by presidential candidate in debates, plus a survey of the pre-debate negotiations that take place each election cycle over such matters as scheduling, ... More


The Questioners

Alan Schroeder

in Presidential Debates: Risky Business on the Campaign Trail

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231170574
eISBN:
9780231541503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170574.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

A look at the role of questioners in presidential debates, and how they have shaped perceptions about the candidates.


Online Intergroup Contact

Béatrice S. Hasler and Yair Amichai-Hamburger

in The Social Net: Understanding our online behavior

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199639540
eISBN:
9780191747748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639540.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the literature on intergroup contact as a means of reducing bias among rival groups in conflict. The basis is the Contact Hypothesis, the leading theory in the field, which ... More


One Fanboy to Rule Them All: Fanboy Auteurs, Fantrepreneurs, and the Politics of Professionalization

Suzanne Scott

in Fake Geek Girls: Fandom, Gender, and the Convergence Culture Industry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479838608
eISBN:
9781479822966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479838608.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Chapter 5 discusses how professionalization runs apace differently for fanboys and fangirls within the convergence culture industry. Through an analysis of emergent authorial archetypes like the ... More


How Does Leadership Work?

Julian Barling

in The Science of Leadership: Lessons from Research for Organizational Leaders

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199757015
eISBN:
9780199372058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757015.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Even the best leadership does not simply have immediate, direct effects on individual, team and organizational outcomes. Instead, high quality leadership works by first changing how individuals feel ... More


Divorce and Health Outcomes: From Social Epidemiology to Social Psychophysiology

David A. Sbarra, Widyasita Nojopranoto, and Karen Hasselmo

in Interpersonal Relationships and Health: Social and Clinical Psychological Mechanisms

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199936632
eISBN:
9780190223250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936632.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews research on divorce and physical health outcomes across multiple levels of analyses. The chapter begins with a focus on (macro-level) research in the area of social epidemiology ... More


“Big Picture” Aspects of Design and Analysis in Substance Use Research

Audrey L. Begun and TOM Gregoire

in Conducting Substance Use Research

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199892310
eISBN:
9780190206376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892310.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Social work investigators need to approach substance use research with a solid understanding of the means for turning practice, epidemiology, and etiology questions into well-conceptualized research ... More


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