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Concepts of Niches

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter proposes a formal and operational definition of a particular niche concept, introduces approaches for characterizing and measuring it, and uses it as a conceptual and terminological ... More


Niches and Distributions in Practice: Overview

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers the practice of modeling ecological niches and estimating geographic distributions. It first introduces the general principles and definitions underlying ecological niche ... More


Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel B. Araújo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book provides a first synthetic view of an emerging area of ecology and biogeography, linking individual- and population-level processes to geographic distributions and biodiversity patterns. ... More


Conserving a natural experiment

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The guppy raises three different classes of conservation issues. First, the species is a useful model for freshwater fish species — one of the most endangered vertebrate groups. Second, although ... More


Landscape Effects on Population Distributions and Dynamics

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The distribution and dynamics of populations reflect the interplay between dispersal and demography with landscape structure. Understanding how landscape structure affects populations is essential to ... More


Landscape Effects on Population Spatial Spread: Range Shifts, Biological Invasions, and Landscape Epidemiology

Kimberly A. With

in Essentials of Landscape Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198838388
eISBN:
9780191874697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198838388.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Range expansions, biological invasions, and disease spread are all inherently spatial processes that involve the successful introduction or colonization, establishment, and dispersal of organisms (or ... More


Community ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches in community ecology. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical sections, and ends ... More


Introduction

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book deals with ecological niche modeling and species distribution modeling, two emerging fields that address the ecological, geographic, and evolutionary dimensions of geographic distributions ... More


Nonparametric Bayesian Networks *

Katja Ickstadt, Bjöorn Bornkamp, Marco Grzegorczyk, Jakob Wieczorek, Malik R. Sheriff, Hernáan E. Grecco, and Eli Zamir

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

A convenient way of modelling complex interactions is by employing graphs or networks which correspond to conditional independence structures in an underlying statistical model. One main class of ... More


Why Red?: The Evolution of Color Display

Geoffrey E. Hill

in A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There are a number primary models for why males in bird species like the House Finch evolved bright feather coloration: the Fisherian model of sexual selection, the honest advertisement model, the ... More


Ecological niche modelling

Damaris Zurell and Jan O. Engler

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Impact assessments increasingly rely on models to project the potential impacts of climate change on species distributions. Ecological niche models have become established as an efficient and widely ... More


Fitting the lens of climate change on bird conservation in the twenty-first century

Peter P. Marra, Benjamin Zuckerberg, and Christiaan Both

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Understanding and predicting future ecological impacts of climate change, and then developing a conservation strategy to minimize the negative impacts on biodiversity, remains one of the greatest ... More


Modelling spatial dynamics

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter provides an introduction to a set of theoretical and numerical models that have been developed for this purpose. Spatial dynamic models are presented in three integral parts: modelling ... More


Habitat assessment and species niche modeling

E. Johanna Rode, Carrie J. Stengel, and K. Anne-Isola Nekaris

in Primate Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199659449
eISBN:
9780191774775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents an overview of classic habitat assessment techniques, how such studies can be carried out on various budgets, and with a range of equipment from traditional to modern. It also ... More


Mind the map: trips and pitfalls in making and reading maps of carnivore distribution

Carlo Rondinini and Luigi Boitani

in Carnivore Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199558520
eISBN:
9780191774546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558520.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

A wide range of theoretical and applied analyses in animal ecology, biogeography, and conservation biology involve the production or use of maps of species' distributions. Species' distributions are ... More


Ecological genomics and genome analysis

Nico M. van Straalen and Dick Roelofs

in An Introduction to Ecological Genomics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199594689
eISBN:
9780191774812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594689.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter defines ecological genomics as a scientific discipline that studies the structure and functioning of a genome with the aim of understanding the relationship between the organism and its ... More


Competition and coexistence in sympatric skunks

Christine C. Hass and Jerry W. Dragoo

in Biology and Conservation of Musteloids

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198759805
eISBN:
9780191820519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759805.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Ecological niches of three species of skunks (Mephitidae: Conepatus leuconotus, Mephitis mephitis, M. macroura) in and near their overlap zone in the American Southwest were studied to determine if ... More


Ecological tolerance and the distribution of species

Liz Pásztor, Zoltán Botta-Dukát, Gabriella Magyar, Tamás Czárán, and Géza Meszéna

in Theory-Based Ecology: A Darwinian approach

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199577859
eISBN:
9780191823787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577859.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Descriptions and consequences of the environmental dependence of long-term population growth rates, i.e., of fitness, are in the focus of this chapter. The ecological tolerances of species (or other ... More


Managing biological invasions in the Anthropocene

Cang Hui and David M. Richardson

in Invasion Dynamics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198745334
eISBN:
9780191807046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745334.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This final chapter looks at the future of invasion science and the management of invaded socio-ecological systems in the Anthropocene. Key aspects from previous chapters are reviewed, invasion ... More


Dispersal genetics: emerging insights from fruitflies, butterflies, and beyond

Christopher W. Wheat

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter shows how knowledge of genetic polymorphism with measurable effects on dispersal variation provides a means of distinguishing among individuals for this complex phenotype that in many ... More


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