Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 37 items

  • Keywords: model organisms x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Age of Model Organisms

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter begins with a description of the attributes of model organisms. It then reviews some of the choices of model organisms discussed in the preceding chapters. It argues that molecular ... More


Model Systems, Model Organisms

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Natural philosophers and biologists of the past sought to make sense of the many types of plants and creatures that, if not made for humans, were at least created by imaginative gods. As the ... More


The Filamentous Fungi: Eclipse and Renewal

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses how Neurospora and Aspergillus reemerged in the 1980s as model filamentous fungi rather than models of life. It shows that work on model filamentous fungi never died, and ... More


Cytoplasmic Inheritance: The Ciliates

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter considers a major preoccupation of biology in the early part of the 20th century: the role of the cytoplasm, particularly in development. It discusses studies of Paramecium and other ... More


Prokaryotes: Later Contributions

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

After the genetic code had been defined fully (by 1963), some believed that it was all over. This feeling signified only that the goals of many up to that time had been so narrowly conceived that ... More


Yeast Becomes a Supermodel

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on how yeast became the prime focus of eukaryotic molecular biology after 1975. It summarizes some of the major studies in yeast biology. It shows how progress in disentangling ... More


Organelle Genetics: Yeast and Chlamydomonas

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the origins of yeast mitochondrial work. It then discusses the development of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as a model organism. It also shows how early work on ... More


Genomics

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter on comparative and functional genomics discusses two components of this area as they illuminate the fate of model organisms. It shows how protein and DNA sequence information from a ... More


Leaving the Fungi

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter summarizes the state of microbial genetics, dominated in the early period by Neurospora, Aspergillus, and S. cerevisiae. It compares the three with respect to their different origins as ... More


Using mouse genetics to study neuronal development and function

Harald Jockusch and Thomas Schmitt-John

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter briefly outlines the methods available for the genetic analysis and manipulation of the mouse, and then illustrates their application to neurobiology by selected examples. It argues that ... More


Aspergillus

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter traces the development of Aspergillus nidulans as a model organism. It argues that the claim of A. nidulans as a model illuminating universal phenomena is weak. It came into play 10 ... More


Making Data Travel: Technology and Expertise

Sabina Leonelli

in Data-Centric Biology: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226416335
eISBN:
9780226416502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226416502.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 1 analyses the development of sophisticated technologies to disseminate data over the last three decades of experimental biology research. I focus in particular on the online databases used ... More


Synthesis and Perspectives

Lori Lach, Catherine L. Parr, and Kirsti L. Abbott

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

With their diverse morphological specializations, extensive behavioural repertoire, and ability to inhabit a variety of environments, ants are model organisms for testing ecological theory and ... More


Prokaryotes Take Center Stage

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The previous 50 years had been devoted in large part to discovering the nature of the gene through studies of its function, mutation, and recombination. What was there for geneticists to learn after ... More


Escherichia coli

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on the choice of a model organism, in this case the bacterium Escherichia coli, in the development of molecular genetics. It shows that this choice was made inconspicuously just ... More


DNA

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter considers how DNA changed the agenda and how microbial genetics became a backbone of molecular biology. In particular, it summarizes the main impact of the work on the choice and uses of ... More


Live Museums

Bruno J. Strasser

in Collecting Experiments: Making Big Data Biology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226634999
eISBN:
9780226635187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226635187.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

For most of the twentieth century, experimental scientists' narrow focus on selected model organisms stood in sharp contrast with the broad diversity of organisms studied by naturalists. For ... More


Yeast

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter traces the development of the baker's and brewer's yeast known now as Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model organism. In particular, it discusses studies by Øjvind Winge, Carl Lindegren, ... More


Cell and Body: Individuals in Stem Cell Biology

Melinda Bonnie Fagan

in Individuals Across the Sciences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199382514
eISBN:
9780199382538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199382514.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Cells are often considered biological individuals. In particular, cells of multicellular organisms (the paradigmatic biological individuals) satisfy at least some major criteria for biological ... More


The T Bacteriophages

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The discovery of bacteriophages initiated a long controversy about their nature. Were they intracellular parasites, a stage of the bacterial life cycle, or symbionts with the bacterium (which might ... More


View: