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Modeling Ecological Niches

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains how environmental data can be used to create models that characterize species’ ecological niches in environmental space. It introduces a model, which is a function constructed ... More


Evaluating Model Performance and Significance

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes a framework for selecting appropriate strategies for evaluating model performance and significance. It begins with a review of key concepts, focusing on how primary occurrence ... More


Niches and Distributions in Practice: Overview

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers the practice of modeling ecological niches and estimating geographic distributions. It first introduces the general principles and definitions underlying ecological niche ... More


Water supply as an ecosystem service for hydropower and irrigation

Guillermo Mendoza, Driss Ennaanay, Marc Conte, Michael Todd Walter, David Freyberg, Stacie Wolny, Lauren Hay, Sue White, Erik Nelson, and Luis Solorzano

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Watersheds support the provision of water-related ecosystem services by regulating the amount and timing of water availability. Because this regulation depends on vegetation, geology, climate, and ... More


Project System Dynamics: A Non-linear Case

Yuri G. Raydugin

in Modern Risk Quantification in Complex Projects: Non-linear Monte Carlo and System Dynamics Methodologies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198844334
eISBN:
9780191879883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844334.003.0017
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis, Applied Mathematics

The purpose of this chapter is to develop project system dynamic (SD) models that mirror non-linear Monte Carlo N-SCRA models of project Zemblanity. Only schedule part of risk exposure is considered. ... More


Model Solution

Dale W. Jorgenson, Richard J. Goettle, Mun S. Ho, and Peter J. Wilcoxen

in Double Dividend: Environmental Taxes and Fiscal Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027090
eISBN:
9780262318563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027090.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the construction and simulation of the IGEM base case, illustrating how the various components of the model combine to achieve the economy's growth path. Key projections for ... More


A Theory of Approximation for Stochastic Biochemical Processes

David Thorsley and Eric Klavins

in Control Theory and Systems Biology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013345
eISBN:
9780262258906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013345.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter analyzes stochastic models, demonstrating a powerful technique for model comparison and model calibration. The method uses the mathematical construct known as the Wasserstein ... More


Externalities

Dale W. Jorgenson, Richard J. Goettle, Mun S. Ho, and Peter J. Wilcoxen

in Double Dividend: Environmental Taxes and Fiscal Reform in the United States

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027090
eISBN:
9780262318563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027090.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter generalizes the mathematics of IGEM's accounting for environmental externalities and their relationships to the broader economy. It then describes the development of the accounting ... More


Data for LEWIE

J. Edward Taylor and Mateusz J. Filipski

in Beyond Experiments in Development Economics: Local Economy-wide Impact Evaluation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198707875
eISBN:
9780191783074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707875.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows how to build a household SAM from primary and secondary data, then how to nest SAMs of heterogeneous households or household groups into a meta-SAM for the project or study area. ... More


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