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Modal Reality

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this essay, McGinn argues for a version of ‘modal realism’ that denies the reality of possible worlds. Central to this discussion is a distinction between objectual and non‐objectual ... More


Necessity

Christopher Peacocke

in Being Known

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238607
eISBN:
9780191598197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238606.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There is a set of principles, the Principles of Possibility, that constrains whether a description picks out a genuinely possible world. To grasp the concept of metaphysical necessity is to have ... More


Philosophical Papers Volume I

David Lewis

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book contains 15 papers by the influential American philosopher, David Lewis. All previously published (between 1966 and 80), these papers are divided into three groups: ontology, the philosophy ... More


Disentangling Semantics from Metaphysics

Robert Stalnaker

in Mere Possibilities: Metaphysical Foundations of Modal Semantics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147123
eISBN:
9781400842292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147123.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores the dialectic of the interaction between modal semantics and modal metaphysics. It begins by looking at three examples of places where semantic and substantive issues interact, ... More


Possibilia and Possible Worlds

Ruth Barcan Marcus

in Modalities: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096576
eISBN:
9780199833412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096576.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This paper examines claims that quantified modal logic trades on deep failures and confusions. In particular, it discusses the putative problem of failure of substitutivity of co‐referential terms in ... More


Modal basics

Brian Leftow

in God and Necessity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199263356
eISBN:
9780191741777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263356.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces basic concepts related to modality that occur throughout the book. It discusses kinds of necessity and possibility — particularly narrow and broad logical modalities. It ... More


Possibility: Metaphysics and Semantics

Barbara Vetter

in Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198714316
eISBN:
9780191782718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714316.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, the potentiality account of modality is spelled out. Metaphysical possibility is defined: it is metaphysically possible that p if and only if something has an iterated potentiality ... More


Dispositions: an Alternative Conception

Barbara Vetter

in Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198714316
eISBN:
9780191782718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714316.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a non-orthodox conception of dispositions as individuated by their manifestation alone, not their manifestation plus a stimulus condition; and as closely related to possibility, ... More


Three Models of the Undetermined Future

Patrick Todd

in The Open Future: Why Future Contingents are All False

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780192897916
eISBN:
9780191919497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897916.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter articulates three models of the undetermined future. Assuming that there are multiple future histories consistent with the past and the laws, we can maintain that (I) there is a unique ... More


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