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Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise

Takashi Yagisawa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199576890
eISBN:
9780191722301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576890.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Modal realism says that non-actual possible worlds and individuals are as real as the actual world and individuals. This book defends modal realism of a variety different from David Lewis's theory. ... More


Anti-Modal Realism

Charles S. Chihara

in The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Given the many problems and implausibilities that infect Modal Realism, some form of anti-realism may appear at this point to be irresistible. In his book, Graeme Forbes adopts an anti-realist view ... More


The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Charles S. Chihara

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book gives a critical exposition of modal realism, the philosophical doctrine that there exist many possible worlds of which the actual world — the universe in which we live — is just one. The ... More


Necessity

Christopher Peacocke

in Being Known

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238607
eISBN:
9780191598197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238606.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There is a set of principles, the Principles of Possibility, that constrains whether a description picks out a genuinely possible world. To grasp the concept of metaphysical necessity is to have ... More


Modal Realism

Takashi Yagisawa

in Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199576890
eISBN:
9780191722301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576890.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Modal realism says that possible worlds and possible individuals, both actual and non-actual, are real. A non-Lewisian version of modal realism which models possible worlds after temporal and spatial ... More


Modal Realism

Charles S. Chihara

in The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The models studied in modal logic are set theoretical structures. So one can regard the model theory of modal logic as a branch of set theory. The philosophical question arises: what is the ... More


Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Alvin Plantinga

Matthew Davidson (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of my essays, dating from 1969, concerning the metaphysics of modality. The first two chapters are a defense of the idea of modality de re against criticisms from William ... More


Two Concepts of Modality: Modal Realism and Modal Reductionism

Alvin Plantinga

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the first part of this chapter, I sketch out three grades of modal realism. After developing modal realism, I examine David Lewis's modal theory. I argue that Lewis's theory satisfies none of the ... More


Introduction

Takashi Yagisawa

in Worlds and Individuals, Possible and Otherwise

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199576890
eISBN:
9780191722301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576890.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Modal realism says that non-actual possible worlds and individuals are as real as the actual world and individuals. This book defends modal realism of a variety different from David Lewis’s theory. ... More


Modal Realism, Modal Rationalism, Modal Naturalism

Robert Stalnaker

in Mere Possibilities: Metaphysical Foundations of Modal Semantics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147123
eISBN:
9781400842292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147123.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter summarizes the accounts of modal realism, modal rationalism, and modal naturalism. It details the author's attempt to develop a framework that is compatible with the denial of actualist ... More


On what Possible Worlds could not be (1996)

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Ways a World Might Be: Metaphysical and Anti-Metaphysical Essays

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199251483
eISBN:
9780191602320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251487.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This paper explores the analogy between mathematical Platonism and modal realism, and between Benacerraf’s dilemma and the epistemological objection. It is argued that the parallels and contrasts may ... More


Modality

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that neither the modal realism of David Lewis nor abstract possible worlds reductionism can satisfy Truthmaker or TSB when it comes to truths of de re modality. On the contrary, ... More


Theistic Modal Realism? *

Michael J. Almeida

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Genuine modal realism and counterpart theory afford theists interesting ways to resolve some recalcitrant problems in philosophical theology. There are straightforward solutions to the problem of No ... More


Modality without Worlds I: The Semantics of Modal Sentential Logic

Charles S. Chihara

in The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is worth reviewing, at this point, the argument for Modal Realism that was given in the Introduction. There, it was argued that philosophers who eschew including possible worlds in their ontology ... More


A Theory of Presentism

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I begin by laying down three conditions which any theory of time should meet: it should accord with our view that certain statements about the past are true; that the truthmakers for those statements ... More


Modal Panentheism

Yujin Nagasawa

in Alternative Concepts of God: Essays on the Metaphysics of the Divine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198722250
eISBN:
9780191789090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722250.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Modal panentheism consists primarily of the following two theses: (1) God is the totality of all possible worlds. (2) All possible worlds exist to the same extent that the actual world does. The aim ... More


Conclusion

Mark Colyvan

in The Indispensability of Mathematics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137545
eISBN:
9780199833139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513754X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The varieties of mathematical realism that are consistent with the indispensability argument are outlined. It is shown that the argument is silent on many issues such as whether numbers are sets, and ... More


Anselm and Actuality

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Lewis demonstrates the infeasibility of attempting a nonmodal reformulation of Anslem's ontological argument. The key premise in Anselm's famous argument is the claim that “Something exists in the ... More


Counterfactual Conditionals

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter begins with an examination of counterfactual conditionals generally, without reference to using them as the reduction base for causation. The thesis of the chapter is that there are two ... More


Metaphysical Themes from Suárez

Tad M. Schmaltz

in The Metaphysics of the Material World: Suárez, Descartes, Spinoza

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190070229
eISBN:
9780190070250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190070229.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers three metaphysical themes from Suárez that are reflected in Descartes’s account of the material world. The first theme involves the Suárezian conception of a mode, which had a ... More


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