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 Mixing Things Up

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter develops the idea of a mixed strategy using the entry into a sealed-bid auction as a non-trivial example. Reaction curves are first illustrated for the case of pure strategies and then ... More


Extensive Form Games

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Introduces extensive form games. Informations structures—perfect, imperfect, and incomplete information are explained. Pure behavioural and mixed strategies are defined. Finally, perfect recall and ... More


Equilibrium

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

After demolishing metaphysical notions of moral behavior, John Mackie's Inventing Right and Wrong argues that the way forward is through the study of anthropology and game theory. This chapter begins ... More


Games with Multiple Equilibria

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains that some international environmental problems are characterized by multiple equilibria, meaning that more than one outcome can be sustained by the anarchic international ... More


Pelé Meets John Von Neumann in the Penalty Area

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The movie A Beautiful Mind (2001) portrays the life and work of John F. Nash Jr., who received the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1994. A class of his theories deals with how people should behave in ... More


Randomization in Decision-Making

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter considers randomization, beginning with its history as “fairness” in making decisions. It then examines “mixed strategies” and von Neumann's Minimax Theorem. A segment from Poe's The ... More


Mapping Minimax in the Brain: (with Antonio Olivero, Sven Bestmann, Jose Florensa Vila, and Jose Apesteguia)

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter is concerned with mixed strategies. Using fMRI techniques, it peers inside the brain when experimental subjects play the penalty kick game. As we have noted already, minimax is ... More


A Primer on Games

Robin Clark

in Meaningful Games: Exploring Language with Game Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016179
eISBN:
9780262298742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016179.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter serves as a brief, informal introduction to game theory, with a particular eye toward coordination games and cooperation. The discussions cover the cake game; sequential games and ... More


Treating Like Cases Alike

Jeffrey Brand-Ballard

in Limits of Legality: The Ethics of Lawless Judging

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195342291
eISBN:
9780199867011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342291.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In many legal systems, it would be wrong for judges to deviate in all suboptimal-result cases. Often they must choose between two cases in which deviation is equally warranted. This chapter defends ... More


Theoretical reflections on the evolution of migration

Robert D. Holt and John M. Fryxell

in Animal Migration: A Synthesis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568994
eISBN:
9780191774676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568994.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

At its most basic level, migration involves the seasonal movement of individuals from one home range to another and back again over the course of a single annual cycle. Despite the conceptual ... More


Distinguishing borrowing and code-switching: Why it matters

Shana Poplack

in Borrowing: Loanwords in the Speech Community and in the Grammar

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190256388
eISBN:
9780190256401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256388.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter confronts the structure of borrowed items explicitly with that of multiword code-switches produced by the same French-English bilinguals. Speakers are shown to imbue switches with the ... More


A variationist perspective on borrowing

Shana Poplack

in Borrowing: Loanwords in the Speech Community and in the Grammar

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190256388
eISBN:
9780190256401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256388.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reviews the analytical and methodological tenets associated with the variationist perspective on language and outlines its specific applications to the study of language mixing. Key ... More


Borrowing: Loanwords in the Speech Community and in the Grammar

Shana Poplack

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190256388
eISBN:
9780190256401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256388.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

In virtually every bilingual situation empirically studied, borrowed items make up the overwhelming majority of other-language material, but short shrift has been given to this major manifestation of ... More


Aristotle on the Positive Contributions of Zeta

Frank A. Lewis

in How Aristotle gets by in Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199664016
eISBN:
9780191748431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664016.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the first half of Eta 1, Aristotle reviews proceedings in Zeta preceding the successful causal definition of (primary) substance in Z17. Do the traditional candidates for the definition of ... More


Editor’s Comment

Walter A. Rosenblith

in Sensory Communication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262518420
eISBN:
9780262314213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262518420.003.0040
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This comment that the search for principles of sensory communication seems to call for a mixed strategy, which in turn accommodates itself to a host of tactical solutions, as is apparent from the ... More


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