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Baroque Design: Gratuitous Genomic Complexity

John C. Avise

in Inside the Human Genome: A Case for Non-Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393439
eISBN:
9780199775415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393439.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses various gratuitous complexities—inherent in the human genome—that routinely compromise personal health. These range from problems associated with split genes (wherein introns ... More


Finding Our Roots: Did “Eve” Know “Adam”?

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Unlike most of our genes, mitochondrial DNA is transmitted solely by mothers; males are a dead-end for the mitochondria. Evolutionary biologists have determined that the most recent common ancestor ... More


Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Northern Island Melanesia

Jonathan S. Friedlaender, Françoise R. Friedlaender, Jason A. Hodgson, Stacy McGrath, Matthew Stoltz, George Koki, Theodore G. Schurr, and D. Andrew Merriwether

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reports the mitochondrial DNA diversity in the Southwest Pacific, focusing on the extensive structure of this variation in Northern Island Melanesia. It shows that a constellation of ... More


 The Origins and Evolution of Homo sapiens

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The notions of natural selection and drift also apply to humans and their biological and cultural evolution. The science of paleoanthropology explains human evolution through the study of ... More


Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution

Rebecca L. Cann

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) studies of modern human populations have made unique contributions to the understanding of human evolution due to two important features of this gene: their lack of ... More


Ancient DNA Evidence for a Homogeneous Maternal Gene Pool in Sixth Millennium cal bc Hungary and the Central European LBK

Anna Szécsényi-Nagy, Victoria Keerl, János Jakucs, Guido Brandt, Eszter Bánffy, and Kurt W. Alt

in Early Farmers: The View from Archaeology and Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265758
eISBN:
9780191771965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265758.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Two sixth millennium cal BC cultural formations from the Carpathian Basin are discussed: the Linearbandkeramik (LBK) in Transdanubia, and the Szakálhát culture from the Great Hungarian Plain. Our aim ... More


Genetics in field ecology and conservation

Nancy N. FitzSimmons and Joanna Sumner

in Reptile Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198726135
eISBN:
9780191825934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726135.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the importance of genetics in questions of ecology and conservation, as genetic analyses have provided tremendous insights into the behaviour of reptiles, their evolution, and ... More


Extraordinary Population Structure among the Baining of New Britain

Jason A. Wilder and Michael F. Hammer

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines with four unlinked loci the extent of divergence between two linguistically related Baining groups in New Britain. Although they are linguistically related and are less than 100 ... More


Ancestry Testing and DNA: Uses, Limits, and Caveat Emptor

Troy Duster

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter explores the increasing direct consumer use of DNA tests for ancestry tracing as well as its capacities and limits. It also examines the use of Ancestral Informative Markers (AIMs) as a ... More


Mitochondrial Disorders

Richard Boles and Kathryn Moseley

in Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199398911
eISBN:
9780199398942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398911.003.0047
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses mitochondrial disorders, including factors to be considered in nutritional evaluation and dietary management.


Settlement Burials at the Karsdorf LBK Site, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany: Biological Ties and Residential Mobility

Guido Brandt, Corina Knipper, Nicole Nicklisch, Robert Ganslmeier, Mechthild Klamm, and Kurt W. Alt

in Early Farmers: The View from Archaeology and Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265758
eISBN:
9780191771965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265758.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The Linearbandkeramik (LBK) settlement of Karsdorf (Saxony-Anhalt, Germany) revealed twenty-four longhouses and thirty-four associated burials. They were investigated in an interdisciplinary study ... More


Evolutionary relationships, questions and methods of otter ecology

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter describes otter phylogeny, including the latest analyses of mitochondrial DNA. They are Mustelids, originating some 11-14 million years ago in the Miocene in south-east Asia, main ... More


An Introduction to the Genus Bibitnys (Rodentia: Sigmodontinae): Phylogenetic Position and Alpha Taxonomy

Guillermo D’Elia, Ulyses F. J. Pardiñas, and Philip Myers

in Mammalian Diversification: From Chromosomes to Phylogeography

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098534
eISBN:
9780520916098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098534.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter considers the position of the genus Bibimys relative other sigmodontine rodents. It analyzes mitochondrial DNA sequences and provides evidence against the inclusion of Bibimys within the ... More


Diversification of Small Mammals in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil: Testing the Alternatives

Márcia C. Lara, Lena Geise, and Christopher J. Schneider

in Mammalian Diversification: From Chromosomes to Phylogeography

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098534
eISBN:
9780520916098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098534.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the phylogeographic patterns among rodents of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Based on comparative analyses of mitochondrial DNA sequences from rodents, it suggests that the ... More


Species, Populations, and Groups in Hominin Evolution

Sarah Elton and Jason Dunn

in Population in the Human Sciences: Concepts, Models, Evidence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199688203
eISBN:
9780191767500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688203.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The analytical framework of human population genetics has completed a cycle: the lineage-based description of mitochondrial DNA and Y chromosome diversity, where often populations vanished, to be ... More


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