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What Does a Representative Do? Descriptive Representation in Communicative Settings of Distrust, Uncrystallized Interests, and Historically Denigrated Status

Jane Mansbridge

in Citizenship in Diverse Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780198297703
eISBN:
9780191602948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829770X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Disadvantaged groups may want to be represented by individuals who in their own backgrounds mirror the typical experiences of that group; these are descriptive representatives. The analysis presented ... More


Horizontal Accountability: The Legal Institutionalization of Mistrust

Guillermo O'Donnell

in Democratic Accountability in Latin America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256372
eISBN:
9780191602368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256373.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines horizontal accountability (HA) in Latin American state agencies. It considers two main directions in which HA may come into play: the unlawful encroachment by one state agency ... More


Portugal: The Patrimonial Heritage and the Emergence of a Democratic Political Class

José M. Borchert

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

After thirty years of Portuguese democracy, a democratic political class is still emerging but has already become quite stable and cohesive over time. The chapter brings to the fore the difficulties ... More


An Overview of Latin America

Guillermo O'Donnell

in Democracy, Agency, and the State: Theory with Comparative Intent

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199587612
eISBN:
9780191723384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587612.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter begins by clarifying that this study provides only a rather quick overview of Latin America, intended to provide a comparative context to the book, not a detailed study of the present ... More


Lack of Safety: Recurrent Stress and Organizational Hyperarousal

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The human service system and virtually every component of it, including the mental health system have been and continue to be under conditions of chronic stress, individually and collectively ... More


Understanding Trans Health: Discourse, Power and Possibility

Ruth Pearce

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447342335
eISBN:
9781447342380
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447342335.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

What does it mean for someone to be ‘trans’? What are the implications of this for healthcare provision? Drawing on the findings of an extensive research project, this book addresses urgent ... More


Dancing with Broken Bones: Poverty, Race, and Spirit-filled Dying in the Inner City

David Wendell Moller

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199760138
eISBN:
9780190267995
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199760138.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This book gives voice and face to a vulnerable and disempowered population whose stories often remain untold: the urban dying poor. Drawing on complex issues surrounding poverty, class, and race, the ... More


Bringing Neuroscience into Political Science: The Caregiving System and Human Sociopolitical Evolution

Judith S. Kullberg and J. David Singer

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0066
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

There are four basic models for delivering social services such as health care, education and social care, that may be summarised as trust, mistrust, voice and choice.  The trust model relies upon ... More


The Secret Lives of Money: Understanding Elite Women of Delhi

Parul Bhandari

in Mapping the Elite: Power, Privilege, and Inequality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199491070
eISBN:
9780199097920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199491070.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Culture

This chapter studies the lives of elite women in India, specifically the wives of business elites. Mainly housewives, these women are seen as being unrelated to generation and circulation of money. ... More


Cultural Mistrust, Academic Outcome Expectations, and Outcome Values Among African American Adolescent Males

Miles Anthony Irving

in Academic Motivation and the Culture of School in Childhood and Adolescence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195326819
eISBN:
9780199847532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326819.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Research on student motivation has been a particularly robust area of study for examining student underachievement. Recent evidences show that African Americans as a group have continued to struggle ... More


Fear and distrust in 21st-century Britain

Anna Minton

in Contemporary social evils

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424099
eISBN:
9781447301981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424099.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter condemns a pervasive and disproportionate fear of crime in British society, evident in the spread of private ‘gated communities’ and intensive security in shopping centres as well as ... More


Living with Violence and Insecurity

Nina Gren

in Occupied Lives: Maintaining Integrity in a Palestinian Refugee Camp in the West Bank

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9789774166952
eISBN:
9781617976568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166952.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Chapter 2 investigates some themes related to resilience and ‘an extended normality’ under crisis. In the political void the camp inhabitants found themselves in, some events and behavior related to ... More


Management failure

Ruth Lupton

in Poverty Street: The dynamics of neighbourhood decline and renewal

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345356
eISBN:
9781447303039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345356.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses the failure of public services to manage the 12 small neighbourhoods effectively. It starts by addressing the problems with public services. The most obvious gap in service ... More


Genealogies of Misfortune

Manduhai Buyandelger

in Tragic Spirits: Shamanism, Memory, and Gender in Contemporary Mongolia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226086552
eISBN:
9780226013091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226013091.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

The chapter explores connections among postsocialism, neoliberal capitalism, and shamanism. The author traces the multiple contexts behind current misfortunes by revealing the cumulative ... More


Children’s Understanding of Unreliability: Evidence for a Negativity Bias

Melissa A. Koenig and Sabine Doebel

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0043
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews research on children's understanding of unreliability. It suggests that a negativity bias might characterize or underlie children's early decisions about whom to mistrust. When ... More


Setting the Stage

Bruno Verdini Trejo

in Winning Together: The Natural Resource Negotiation Playbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037136
eISBN:
9780262343633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037136.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Explores how the Mexican and U.S. negotiators, after decades of mistrust and confrontation, jump-started the binational negotiations over the Gulf of Mexico hydrocarbons reservoirs. Getting the Other ... More


A Civil Servant’s Adieu: The Burden of History in the ‘Conscience’ of the Indian Constitution, 1946–50

Arvind Elangovan

in Norms and Politics: Sir Benegal Narsing Rau in the Making of the Indian Constitution, 1935-50

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199491445
eISBN:
9780199097845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199491445.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

Contrary to Rau’s ideas, the framers of the Indian constitution, however, were deeply influenced by the political history that preceded the meeting of the Constituent Assembly. As a result, the ... More


Introduction

Martin Klimke, Reinhild Kreis, and Christian F. Ostermann

in Trust, but Verify: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1991

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798099
eISBN:
9781503600133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798099.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This introductory chapter explores the dimensions of trust and how these are understood in the context of the Cold War. It shows how trust and distrust are, as emotions in general, often stated but ... More


Conclusion

Deborah Welch Larson

in Trust, but Verify: The Politics of Uncertainty and the Transformation of the Cold War Order, 1969-1991

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798099
eISBN:
9781503600133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798099.003.0014
Subject:
History, Political History

This concluding chapter sums up the findings laid out in the preceding chapters and suggests directions for further research. It asserts that trust and mistrust, while intangible and subjective, ... More


Epinician Swearing

Bonnie MacLachlan

in Horkos: The Oath in Greek Society

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781904675679
eISBN:
9781781380581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781904675679.003.0009
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Swearing on oath was a common practice in ancient Greece. A puzzling aspect of oath-taking is that assertory and promissory oaths tend to be taken only in situations of epistemic uncertainty. In ... More


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