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Introduction

Juan Carlos Moreno-Brid and Jaime Ros

in Development and Growth in the Mexican Economy: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371161
eISBN:
9780199870608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371161.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 1 summarizes the main theses of the book and provides an overview of the contents of each of its chapters. It argues that the episodes of rapid economic growth (during the Porfiriato and ... More


Perception as Inference

Bimal Krishna Matilal

in Perception: An Essay on Classical Indian Theories of Knowledge

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239765
eISBN:
9780191680014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239765.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The first section of this chapter describes seeing and inferring. One perceives and misperceives them as well. This fact of misperception is used as an argument in favour of the inferentiality of ... More


One Nation, Two Realities: Dueling Facts in American Democracy

Morgan Marietta and David C. Barker

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190677176
eISBN:
9780190677206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677176.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Is climate change real? Does racism still determine who gets ahead? Is sexuality innate? Do immigration and free trade help or hurt the economy? Does gun control reduce violence? Are false ... More


Introduction

Eric Grynaviski

in Constructive Illusions: Misperceiving the Origins of International Cooperation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452062
eISBN:
9780801454653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452062.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter recounts an event when native Hawaiians mistook British explorer Captain James Cook for Lono—the god of peace, music, and fertility—which resulted in cooperation between the ... More


Conclusion

Eric Grynaviski

in Constructive Illusions: Misperceiving the Origins of International Cooperation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452062
eISBN:
9780801454653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452062.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter argues that cooperation is often best secured because of misperception. When actors hold flase intersubjective beliefs (FIBs)—in which agents wrongly believe that their ... More


Newcomers, Old Threats, and Current Concerns

Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia

in Frontiers of Fear: Immigration and Insecurity in the United States and Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450686
eISBN:
9780801463914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450686.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines the rhetoric of “invasion” by focusing on the problems raised by the definition, categorization, and perceptions of immigrants in Europe and in the United States. It shows how ... More


Introduction to social movements: anarchism as a unique example

Dana M. Williams

in Black Flags and Social Movements: A Sociological Analysis of Movement Anarchism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781526105547
eISBN:
9781526132215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105547.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Modern societies generally contain multiple, varied social movements that contend for influence or power. Anarchist movements share many similar features as mainstream movements, but also have ... More


Sight and the City

Wendy Bellion

in Citizen Spectator: Art, Illusion, and Visual Perception in Early National America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807833889
eISBN:
9781469600437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807833889.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter illustrates how eighteen-year-old Arthur Mervyn encountered a world that confounded his senses. Raised on a farm in rural Pennsylvania, some forty-five miles to the south, Mervyn was a ... More


Game Theory and the Humanities: Bridging Two Worlds

Steven J. Brams

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015226
eISBN:
9780262295932
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015226.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Game theory models are ubiquitous in economics, common in political science, and increasingly used in psychology and sociology; in evolutionary biology, they offer compelling explanations for ... More


How We Minimise Animal Suffering and How We Can Change

Andrew Linzey

in Why Animal Suffering Matters: Philosophy, Theology, and Practical Ethics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199351848
eISBN:
9780199352562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351848.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter answers the question: why, if the rational case for animals is so strong, has it so often been overlooked? Four intellectual mechanisms (“the powers that be”) are examined: the powers of ... More


Precarious prediction

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores some of the many different ways of tending to these various, interacting aspects of prediction error minimization in order to prevent misperception. It turns out there are a ... More


Public Opinion

Mårten Blix and Henrik Jordahl

in Privatizing Welfare Services: Lessons from the Swedish Experiment

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198867210
eISBN:
9780191904073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867210.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The steady privatization of welfare service production has been a longstanding source of political conflict and debate. For-profit providers have met particularly harsh resistance from the left and ... More


The explanatory power of the Embedded View

Nico Orlandi

in The Innocent Eye: Why Vision Is Not a Cognitive Process

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199375035
eISBN:
9780199375059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199375035.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter shows that the embedded view has explanatory power. Inferential accounts are often preferred to competing accounts — for example, to Gibsonian alternatives — because they explain a ... More


Booms, Busts, and Beer: Understanding the Dynamics of Supply Chains

John Sterman

in The Handbook of Behavioral Operations Management: Social and Psychological Dynamics in Production and Service Settings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199357215
eISBN:
9780190239336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357215.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Supply chains are fundamental to a wide range of systems. Many exhibit chronic instability, including oscillations, amplification as disturbances move upstream from final sales, and phase lag. Every ... More


Chinese Writings on Cyberwarfare and Coercion

Kevin Pollpeter

in China and Cybersecurity: Espionage, Strategy, and Politics in the Digital Domain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190201265
eISBN:
9780190201302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190201265.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Although no official Chinese military document defining China’s cyberwarfare doctrine is available, this chapter relies on a variety of reputable Chinese primary sources to address these questions. ... More


Stigma of HIV and AIDS—Psychiatric Aspects

Sami Khalife, Jocelyn Soffer, and Mary Ann Cohen

in Handbook of AIDS Psychiatry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372571
eISBN:
9780197562666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372571.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Since 1981, when previously healthy young adults were first stricken with a mysterious illness that was eventually described as “a new acquired cellular immunodeficiency” (Gottlieb et al., 1981), ... More


Dueling Facts in Political Science

Morgan Marietta and David C. Barker

in One Nation, Two Realities: Dueling Facts in American Democracy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190677176
eISBN:
9780190677206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677176.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The polarization of fact perceptions has become a manifest feature of American politics. Many prominent scholars have addressed the role of facts in politics, and the pace has accelerated. However, ... More


How Network Intrusions Threaten

Ben Buchanan

in The Cybersecurity Dilemma: Hacking, Trust and Fear Between Nations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190665012
eISBN:
9780190686543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665012.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter shows how any network intrusion into a strategically-important network is threatening. Hacking is thus a key part of international relations. This is true regardless of whether or not ... More


How many gun owners?

Mark R. Joslyn

in The Gun Gap

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190064822
eISBN:
9780190064860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190064822.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Chapter 6 examines survey respondents’ estimations of the actual number of people who own guns in the United States. Evidence from the surveys shows that most people overestimate the gun owner ... More


Emotional Characteristics of Social Media and Political Misperceptions

Brian E. Weeks and R. Kelly Garrett

in Journalism and Truth in an Age of Social Media

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190900250
eISBN:
9780190900298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190900250.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Society’s turn to social media as a primary source of news and political information means that journalists’ goal of accurately informing the public is now challenged by user-created and shared ... More


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