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The Ideal Language Project and the Non‐discrete

Henry Laycock

in Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The notion of an ‘ideal language’ or ‘concept-script’ is explicated and defended, and constraints upon formal systems imposed by the ideal of transparency are explored. It is argued that non-singular ... More


Lying, Misleading, and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics

Jennifer Mather Saul

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199603688
eISBN:
9780191745454
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603688.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

Many people (both philosophers and not) find it very natural to think that deceiving someone in a way that avoids lying — by merely misleading — is morally preferable to simply lying. Others think ... More


Remembering without Knowing

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues against the widespread epistemic theory of memory which consists of two interrelated claims. The first claim is that to remember a proposition is to know it, where this knowledge ... More


Misleading Defeaters

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter proposes a game in a similar vein to the Gettier game: when a subject has a true belief but seems not to have knowledge, it looks for some key aspect of the situation about which the ... More


Questioning Techniques

Kathleen Coulborn Faller

in Interviewing Children about Sexual Abuse: Controversies and Best Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195311778
eISBN:
9780199865055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311778.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

A hotly debated aspect of the child interview relates to the questions employed by the interviewer. The core of the debate is whether a particular type of question elicits accurate information from ... More


Lying

Jennifer M. Saul

in Lying, Misleading, and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199603688
eISBN:
9780191745454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603688.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter carves out a working definition of lying (as opposed to merely misleading) that will be used throughout the book.


The Problem of What Is Said

Jennifer M. Saul

in Lying, Misleading, and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199603688
eISBN:
9780191745454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603688.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter canvasses current accounts of what is said and related notions, seeking a notion of what is said that can be used to draw the distinction between lying and merely misleading. It argues ... More


What Is Said

Jennifer M. Saul

in Lying, Misleading, and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199603688
eISBN:
9780191745454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603688.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter attempts to sketch out the sort of account of what is said that could do the job needed for the lying/misleading distinction.


Is Lying Worse than Merely Misleading? 1

Jennifer M. Saul

in Lying, Misleading, and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199603688
eISBN:
9780191745454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603688.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the moral preference for merely misleading over lying. It argues that no such preference can be adequately defended: acts of merely misleading are not, in general, morally ... More


Deception

STUART P GREEN

in Lying, Cheating, and Stealing: A Moral Theory of White-Collar Crime

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199225804
eISBN:
9780191708411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225804.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Employment Law

This chapter describes the formal structure of deception, rather than explaining why it is morally wrong. In particular, it describes the difference between four analytically distinct kinds of ... More


All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Chris Heffer

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In a post-factual world in which claims are often held to be true only to the extent that they partisanly confirm one’s preexisting beliefs, this book asks the following crucial questions: How can ... More


Illusions and Hallucinations as Evidence for Sense Data

E. J. Lowe

in The Case for Qualia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232661
eISBN:
9780262286497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232661.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the evidence for sense data that is provided by illusions and hallucinations. An illusion occurs when a person perceives an “external,” public object, but has an experience ... More


Challenging the Media-Incarceration Complex through Media Education

Bill Yousman

in Working for Justice: A Handbook of Prison Education and Activism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037702
eISBN:
9780252094965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037702.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter argues that the United States faces a crisis of representation, for while crime rates remain stable, the TV and other corporate-controlled mass media bury viewers beneath an avalanche of ... More


E & ¬H*

Jonathan Vogel

in Scepticism and Perceptual Justification

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199658343
eISBN:
9780191760983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658343.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Suppose you have evidence E for H. What reason do you have for believing that your evidence isn’t misleading? That is, what reason do you have for believing (E & H)? Two very plausible, related ... More


Trust, Cooperation, and Insincerity

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter teases out some key theoretical issues relating to the scope, ethics, and situated analysis of insincerity, as one of the two faces of untruthfulness. It begins by grounding sincerity in ... More


Insincere Discourse Strategies

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter sets out a framework for analyzing insincere discourse strategies. Though not equivalent, there is sufficient overlap between insincerity and deception to begin by considering typologies ... More


Discourse and Democracy: The TRUST Heuristic and Sample Analyses

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter summarizes the main analytical moves in the TRUST heuristic for analyzing untruthfulness. It then applies the heuristic to three short texts that have been widely called out as lies: ... More


Con Artists At Work

Tamar Frankel

in The Ponzi Scheme Puzzle: A History and Analysis of Con Artists and Victims

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199926619
eISBN:
9780190258511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199926619.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter focuses on three stories of famous Ponzi schemers that deal with a variety of businesses and involve several types of actors and approaches. It analyzes the design and pattern of the con ... More


Poisoning and Partisanship: An Analysis of the Salisbury Nerve Agent Attack

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter demonstrates an alternative “holistic” method of TRUST analysis in which the focus is not on individual claims or short sections of text with a few related claims, but on the general ... More


Controversial Communication

Charles Forceville

in Visual and Multimodal Communication: Applying the Relevance Principle

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190845230
eISBN:
9780190845261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190845230.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Although neutral about ethics and ideologies, RT acknowledges that while claiming to be optimally relevant to their envisaged audiences, communicators may not be entirely truthful—or may shamelessly ... More


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