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Where We Are Now

John D. Martin, J. William Petty, and James S. Wallace

in Value–Based Management with Corporate Social Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340389
eISBN:
9780199867257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340389.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This Epilogue summarizes the lessons learnt in the research conducted for this book. While it is difficult to ascertain the exact reasons for the present situation, several factors are at work. One ... More


Introduction: Living the Great Illusion

Martin Ceadel

in Living the Great Illusion: Sir Norman Angell, 1872-1967

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199571161
eISBN:
9780191721762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571161.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the senses in which Angell lived the great illusion. It provides an overview of Angell's long and varied life, emphasizing not only his idealism and charm but also his capacity ... More


Deception

Brian Skyrms

in Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580828
eISBN:
9780191722769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580828.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows that in all kinds of signaling systems in nature there is information transmission which is sufficient to maintain signaling, but there is also misinformation and even deception. ... More


War and Welfare: British POW Families, 1939–45

Barbara Hately-Broad

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719078545
eISBN:
9781781702352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719078545.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

During the Second World War, some 250,000 British servicemen were taken captive either by the Axis powers or the Japanese, as a result of which their wives and families became completely dependent on ... More


The Myth of the Jacobite Clans: The Jacobite Army in 1745

Murray Pittock

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748627561
eISBN:
9780748653461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627561.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

The first edition of this book argued that British history had long caricatured Jacobitism rather than understanding it, and that the Jacobite Risings in fact enjoyed extensive Lowland support and ... More


Forgetting

Michael Davis, Elizabeth F. Loftus, David C. Rubin, and John T. Wixted

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents four chapters on the concept of forgetting. The first chapter analyzes the term “forgetting”. The second discusses the impact of misinformation on the ability to remember previous ... More


Statistical Illiteracy in Journalism: Are Its Days Numbered?

Bruce Bower

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

At a time when financial pressures and a digital revolution threaten the survival of many media outlets, a focus on statistical literacy can improve health and medical reporting and perhaps foster ... More


Democracy without Journalism?: Confronting the Misinformation Society

Victor Pickard

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190946753
eISBN:
9780190946791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946753.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Economy

Democracy without Journalism? is about the ongoing journalism crisis and the policies we need to confront it. It exposes the historical roots, market failures, and policy inaction that led to the ... More


Semantic information and the veridicality thesis

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter analyses semantic information as well-formed, meaningful and truthful data. After a brief introduction, the General Definition of semantic Information (GDI) is criticized for providing ... More


Full Fact

Amy Sippitt

in Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.003.0029
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The UK is a fortunate country with high levels of education, well-developed public and civil society institutions, and some highly trusted media. Nevertheless, there is evidence that the public is ... More


Finding the Truth in the Courtroom: Dealing with Deception, Lies, and Memories

Henry Otgaar and Mark L. Howe (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190612016
eISBN:
9780190612030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612016.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The focus of this book is on how legal professionals, legal/forensic psychologists, and memory researchers can decide when statements or identifications are based on truthful or fabricated ... More


One Nation, Two Realities: Dueling Facts in American Democracy

Morgan Marietta and David C. Barker

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190677176
eISBN:
9780190677206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677176.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Is climate change real? Does racism still determine who gets ahead? Is sexuality innate? Do immigration and free trade help or hurt the economy? Does gun control reduce violence? Are false ... More


Misinformation Adds to the Risks for the Economy

Andrew Smithers

in Productivity and the Bonus Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198836117
eISBN:
9780191873461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836117.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The damage done by misinformation needs to be contained. Companies should publish their domestic and worldwide output. This should reduce the misstatement and thus volatility of published profits. US ... More


Reality in Cannibal Holocaust

Calum Waddell

in Cannibal Holocaust

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781911325116
eISBN:
9781800342583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781911325116.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter reviews how Ruggero Deodato'sCannibal Holocaust follows in the tradition of mondo and exotic cinema. It illustrates how Cannibal Holocaust presents the viewer with a purportedly genuine ... More


Information Quality

Luciano Floridi

in The Logic of Information: A Theory of Philosophy as Conceptual Design

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833635
eISBN:
9780191872068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833635.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Knowledge, as a non-natural construction, may be based on our ability to hack the data coming from the world. Two questions now become pressing. The first, addressed in this chapter, concerns the ... More


Anthony Overton’s Early Life: Myth versus Reality

Robert E. Weems Jr.

in The Merchant Prince of Black Chicago: Anthony Overton and the Building of a Financial Empire

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780252043062
eISBN:
9780252051920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252043062.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

Determining the contours of Anthony Overton’s early life, especially between his sixteenth and thirty-first birthdays, has been complicated by a long-standing dissemination of misinformation. This ... More


What’s New? Media, Public Opinion, and Democracy in the 21st Century

Matt Guardino

in Framing Inequality: News Media, Public Opinion, and the Neoliberal Turn in U.S. Public Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190888183
eISBN:
9780190937287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888183.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter contextualizes the book’s historical analyses within more recent media developments. It emphasizes the continuing relevance of the book’s analyses of news media and public opinion in the ... More


“HIV Does Not Cause AIDS”: A Journey into AIDS Denialism

Seth C. Kalichman

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

HIV is a virus that causes AIDS. This fact is well established. And yet a vocal group of fringe scientists, freelance journalists, and Internet bloggers persistently deny the existence of HIV. AIDS ... More


Swaying Pseudoscience: The Inoculation Effect

Kavin Senapathy

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Fighting pseudoscience is a noble endeavor. Even when undertaken by experts, who sometimes can't see the forest for each of their trees, there are ways to wield the big picture in this fight. The ... More


Truth, Errors, and Lies: Politics and Economics in a Volatile World

Grzegorz Kolodko

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150699
eISBN:
9780231521567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150699.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This book applies far-reaching knowledge to the past and future of the world economy, introducing a new framework for understanding our global situation. Deploying a mix of scientific evaluation and ... More


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