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Where We Are Now

John D. Martin, J. William Petty, and James S. Wallace

in Value–Based Management with Corporate Social Responsibility

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340389
eISBN:
9780199867257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340389.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

This Epilogue summarizes the lessons learnt in the research conducted for this book. While it is difficult to ascertain the exact reasons for the present situation, several factors are at work. One ... More


Introduction: Living the Great Illusion

Martin Ceadel

in Living the Great Illusion: Sir Norman Angell, 1872-1967

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199571161
eISBN:
9780191721762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571161.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the senses in which Angell lived the great illusion. It provides an overview of Angell's long and varied life, emphasizing not only his idealism and charm but also his capacity ... More


War and Welfare: British POW Families, 1939–45

Barbara Hately-Broad

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719078545
eISBN:
9781781702352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719078545.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

During the Second World War, some 250,000 British servicemen were taken captive either by the Axis powers or the Japanese, as a result of which their wives and families became completely dependent on ... More


Deception

Brian Skyrms

in Signals: Evolution, Learning, and Information

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580828
eISBN:
9780191722769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580828.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows that in all kinds of signaling systems in nature there is information transmission which is sufficient to maintain signaling, but there is also misinformation and even deception. ... More


The Myth of the Jacobite Clans: The Jacobite Army in 1745

Murray Pittock

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748627561
eISBN:
9780748653461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627561.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

The first edition of this book argued that British history had long caricatured Jacobitism rather than understanding it, and that the Jacobite Risings in fact enjoyed extensive Lowland support and ... More


Forgetting

Michael Davis, Elizabeth F. Loftus, David C. Rubin, and John T. Wixted

in Science of Memory: Concepts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310443
eISBN:
9780199865321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310443.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This part presents four chapters on the concept of forgetting. The first chapter analyzes the term “forgetting”. The second discusses the impact of misinformation on the ability to remember previous ... More


Introduction

Andrew A. Erish

in Vitagraph: America's First Great Motion Picture Studio

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780813181196
eISBN:
9780813181202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813181196.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The Introduction addresses the relative lack of familiarity with Vitagraph among generations of cineastes, compared with the widespread popularity of production companies that followed in its wake. ... More


Statistical Illiteracy in Journalism: Are Its Days Numbered?

Bruce Bower

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

At a time when financial pressures and a digital revolution threaten the survival of many media outlets, a focus on statistical literacy can improve health and medical reporting and perhaps foster ... More


Democracy without Journalism?: Confronting the Misinformation Society

Victor Pickard

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190946753
eISBN:
9780190946791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946753.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Economy

Democracy without Journalism? is about the ongoing journalism crisis and the policies we need to confront it. It exposes the historical roots, market failures, and policy inaction that led to the ... More


Semantic information and the veridicality thesis

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter analyses semantic information as well-formed, meaningful and truthful data. After a brief introduction, the General Definition of semantic Information (GDI) is criticized for providing ... More


A Strategic Nature: Public Relations and the Politics of American Environmentalism

Melissa Aronczyk and Maria I. Espinoza

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780190055349
eISBN:
9780190055387
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190055349.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture, Science, Technology and Environment

A Strategic Nature shows how public relations has dominated public understanding of the natural environment for over 100 years. More than spin or misinformation, PR is a social and political force ... More


Full Fact

Amy Sippitt

in Data in Society: Challenging Statistics in an Age of Globalisation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447348214
eISBN:
9781447348269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348214.003.0029
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

The UK is a fortunate country with high levels of education, well-developed public and civil society institutions, and some highly trusted media. Nevertheless, there is evidence that the public is ... More


Democratic Speech in Divided Times

Maxime Lepoutre

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780198869757
eISBN:
9780191912443
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198869757.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Democratic Speech in Divided Times offers a comprehensive account of the norms that should govern public discourse in circumstances marked by deep and often unjust social divisions. Part I ... More


Journalism Research That Matters

Valérie Bélair-Gagnon and Nikki Usher (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197538470
eISBN:
9780197538517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197538470.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Despite the looming crisis in journalism, a research–practice gap plagues the news industry. This volume seeks to change the research–practice gap, with timely scholarly research on the most pressing ... More


Revealing Schemes: The Politics of Conspiracy in Russia and the Post-Soviet Region

Scott Radnitz

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780197573532
eISBN:
9780197573570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197573532.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Conspiracy theories have come to play an increasingly prominent role in political systems around the world. In Revealing Schemes, Scott Radnitz moves beyond psychological explanations for why people ... More


Finding the Truth in the Courtroom: Dealing with Deception, Lies, and Memories

Henry Otgaar and Mark L. Howe (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190612016
eISBN:
9780190612030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612016.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The focus of this book is on how legal professionals, legal/forensic psychologists, and memory researchers can decide when statements or identifications are based on truthful or fabricated ... More


Introducing the 10 Toxicities

Eric D. Perakslis and Martin Stanley

in Digital Health: Understanding the Benefit-Risk Patient-Provider Framework

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197503133
eISBN:
9780197503171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197503133.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The history of medical benefit-risk assessment shows that medical benefits tend to be far easier to demonstrate and quantify. The risks, on the other hand, tend to appear in other bodily systems than ... More


One Nation, Two Realities: Dueling Facts in American Democracy

Morgan Marietta and David C. Barker

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190677176
eISBN:
9780190677206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677176.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Is climate change real? Does racism still determine who gets ahead? Is sexuality innate? Do immigration and free trade help or hurt the economy? Does gun control reduce violence? Are false ... More


Defending Democracies: Combating Foreign Election Interference in a Digital Age

Jens David Ohlin and Duncan B. Hollis (eds)

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780197556979
eISBN:
9780197557006
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197556979.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

Evidence of election interference by foreign states or their proxies has become a regular feature of national elections and is likely to get worse in the near future. Information and communication ... More


Misinformation Adds to the Risks for the Economy

Andrew Smithers

in Productivity and the Bonus Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198836117
eISBN:
9780191873461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836117.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The damage done by misinformation needs to be contained. Companies should publish their domestic and worldwide output. This should reduce the misstatement and thus volatility of published profits. US ... More


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