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 The Social Relevance of Spirits

Emma Cohen

in The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Chapter 8 considers the relevance of spirits to everyday life (e.g. healing, counseling, etc.). It offers a generalizable explanation for the widespread attribution of personal misfortune to ... More


Of the misfortune that befell a captain named Benito Hurtado and his people at sea and on land in Tierra Firme in the settling of the province of Cheriquí and in other parts through which they passed.1

Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo

in Misfortunes and Shipwrecks in the Seas of the Indies, Islands, and Mainland of the Ocean Sea (1513–1548): Book Fifty of the 'General and Natural History of the Indies'

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035406
eISBN:
9780813038377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035406.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

This chapter describes the misfortune that befell a captain named Benito Hurtado and his people at sea and on land in Tierra Firme in the settling of the province of Cheriquí and in other parts ... More


Of a shipwreck and the unfortunate events that happened to the survivors of the fleet that Licentiate Ayllón led to the northern part of Tierra Firme.

Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo

in Misfortunes and Shipwrecks in the Seas of the Indies, Islands, and Mainland of the Ocean Sea (1513–1548): Book Fifty of the 'General and Natural History of the Indies'

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035406
eISBN:
9780813038377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035406.003.0023
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

This chapter relates the misfortunes on land experienced by the members of Licentiate Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón's fleet. Those who survived decided to come to the Hispaniola islands. To that effect, ... More


Discrimination, Partial Concern, and Arbitrariness

Gerald Lang

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Drawing on some of Bernard Williams's work, especially his essays ‘The Idea of Equality’ and ‘The Human Prejudice’, this chapter argues that ‘speciesism’ is very unlike racism or sexism, and that ... More


Unhappy endings: ‘The most accursed, unhappy, and evil fortuned’

Helen Cooper

in The English Romance in Time: Transforming Motifs from Geoffrey of Monmouth to the Death of Shakespeare

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248865
eISBN:
9780191719394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248865.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

The happy ending is often taken as the definitive feature of romance; this chapter looks at the exceptions. Each of the motifs discussed in earlier chapters can impel disaster, as Judas and Mordred ... More


Misfortune

Phil Zuckerman

in Faith No More: Why People Reject Religion

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199740017
eISBN:
9780199918690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740017.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Based on in-depth interviews with various apostates from various religions, this chapter reveals the extent to which apostasy is often triggered by personal misfortune. Unfortunate life circumstances ... More


Cristianas

Todd Ramón Ochoa

in Society of the Dead: Quita Manaquita and Palo Praise in Cuba

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520256835
eISBN:
9780520947924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256835.003.0018
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Palo includes works of cleansing, protection, and attack, crafted with so-called prendas cristianas or Christian prendas. Also called despojos or clearings, these are the first order of Palo ... More


Cases of Conscience

Stuart Clark

in Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208082
eISBN:
9780191677915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208082.003.0030
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

The idea that the misfortunes allegedly brought by witchcraft were primarily a matter for the conscience was dominant among the Protestant pastors of early modern Europe. It was derived directly from ... More


Superstition

Stuart Clark

in Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208082
eISBN:
9780191677915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208082.003.0032
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

So far, we have seen ordinary people in two of the roles that most concerned those who were anxious to save them from religious error — first, as victims of misfortune (whether maleficium or any ... More


Ruptures: Sellers and Drop-outs

Lawrence Stone and Jeanne C. Fawtier Stone

in An Open Elite?: England 1540-1880

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206071
eISBN:
9780191676963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206071.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter reinforces the conclusion of the previous chapter that established families were extremely tenacious in clinging to their seats. Therefore, it is important to realize that the very ... More


The Interlude

Zbyněk Zeman and Antonín Klimek

in The Life of Edvard Beneš 1884–1948: Czechoslovakia in Peace and War

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205838
eISBN:
9780191676802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205838.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the fact that Beneš's policies were held responsible for all the misfortunes of the nation. Beneš was helped by the fact that he withdrew straightaway from public life, and ... More


Some Occasional Rites Performed by the Singapore Cantonese: (1951)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter deals with some of the rites performed by the Cantonese in Singapore with the object of overcoming illness and misfortune. The rites selected for description are in all cases specific to ... More


Paper Charms, and Prayer Sheets as Adjuncts to Chinese Worship: (1953)*

Marjorie Topley

Jean DeBernardi (ed.)

in Cantonese Society in Hong Kong and Singapore: Gender, Religion, Medicine and Money

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028146
eISBN:
9789882206663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028146.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

There are few Chinese rites for which some kind of paper charm or prayer sheet is not necessary. Some of these papers are specific to a particular rite but many may be used in a general way to cover ... More


Schadenfreude Caused by an Envied Person’s Pain

Caitlin A. J. Powell, Richard H. Smith, and David Ryan Schurtz

in Envy: Theory and Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195327953
eISBN:
9780199301485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327953.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Philosophers have often linked envy with schadenfreude, in the sense that an envied person's misfortune is assumed to be pleasing. Envy contains features (such as hostility) that independently create ... More


Patient Sufferers: Alexander II (#43,704–729) Alexander II (#43,704–729) Cosmas I(#44,729–730) Cosmas I(#44,729–730) Theodore (#45,730–742) Theodore (#45,730–742) Michael (Kha'il) I(#46,743–767)1

Mark N. Swanson

in The Coptic Papacy in Islamic Egypt (641–1517): The Popes of Egypt: A History of the Coptic Church and Its Patriarchs Volume 2

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774160936
eISBN:
9781617970498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774160936.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Alexander explicitly claims the legacy of Athanasius and Cyril and expounds the Christology of Severan/Theodosian “orthodoxy” over “the Chalcedonian perversion”. The “misfortunes” that Patriarch ... More


The New Economic Order

John W. Cole and Eric R. Wolf

in The Hidden Frontier: Ecology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520216815
eISBN:
9780520922174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520216815.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter presents an assessment of the changes that have affected both Tret and St. Felix during the economic upswing of the past two decades. The production strategies followed today in Tret, ... More


Taxation, Welfare, and Benefits

Jethro K. Lieberman

in Liberalism Undressed

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919840
eISBN:
9780199980376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919840.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines taxation and welfare and other forms of state-provided benefits and concludes that under the harm principle the state may legitimately provide a host of public benefits and ... More


Introduction:: Reluctant Regulators

Leo F. Goodstadt

in Reluctant Regulators: How the West Created and How China Survived the Global Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888083251
eISBN:
9789882207349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083251.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

During the 2007 economic crisis, the various defenses against global recession and worldwide financial instability appeared to be very strong. As such, developing and developed economies agreed that ... More


Core Features in Ngoma Therapy

John M. Janzen

in Ngoma: Discourses of Healing in Central and Southern Africa

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520072657
eISBN:
9780520910850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520072657.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter describes the main characteristics in ngoma therapy. These features include sickness and therapeutic initiation as a phased rite of passage; identifying the causes of misfortune; ... More


How Ngoma Works: Of Codes and Consciousness

John M. Janzen

in Ngoma: Discourses of Healing in Central and Southern Africa

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520072657
eISBN:
9780520910850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520072657.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter seeks to understand how knowledge is constructed and used. It then covers the application of several academic analytic evaluations of ngoma, including the role of metaphor shaping, of ... More


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