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Race‐Conscious Districting in the USA

Anne Phillips

in The Politics of Presence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294153
eISBN:
9780191600098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294158.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Civil rights litigation in the USA successfully interpreted the 1965 Voting Rights Act as implying the right of minority voters to elect the candidates of their choice. This gave the impetus to ... More


Access versus Protection: Minority Representation in Pediatric Research

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the extent to which pediatric researchers reported race and ethnicity (R/E) data; the representation of Black, Hispanic, and Asian children and their parents in pediatric ... More


The Consequences of Mexico's Mixed‐Member Electoral System, 1988–1997

Jeffrey A. Weldon

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mexico has experimented with mixed‐member electoral systems for many years, is probably the second oldest mixed‐member system after Germany, and has modified its mixed system more than any other ... More


Reforming Electoral Systems in Mexico

Juan Molinar Horcasitas and Jeffrey A. Weldon

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Mexico has a long experience with highly majoritarian variants of mixed‐member systems, but has recently been made more proportional in a process of democratization. Electoral reform has developed ... More


The Origins and Components of Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

When choosing an electoral system, the main tradeoff is between decisiveness of government and representation of minority views. With simple electoral systems, their average effect can be predicted. ... More


The Organizational Foundations of Democratic Representation

Kristin Kanthak

in The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter concludes the book and provides some closing thoughts. The chapter explains how the results in the book indicate that the link between descriptive and substantive representation may not ... More


Politics of Representation and Under-representation

Zoya Hasan

in Politics of Inclusion: Castes, Minorities, and Affirmative Action

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076964
eISBN:
9780199080274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076964.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter discusses the varied trajectories of political representation for lower castes and religious minorities in the context of reservations for Other Backward Classes, which has had a ... More


Early Objections

Jenifer Hart

in Proportional Representation: Critics of the British Electoral System 1820-1945

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201366
eISBN:
9780191674860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201366.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Hare's book received several criticisms and objections, some of which generally took on the notion of proportional representation while others specifically articulated objections towards Hare's ... More


Communal Lists, Reserved Seats, and Lower Thresholds

David Lublin

in Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores rules that may aid ethnoregional parties such as communal lists, reserved seats, and lower thresholds. It first examines countries that reserve seats—sometimes paired with ... More


Apportionment and Boundary Delimitation

David Lublin

in Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines rules centering on apportionment and boundary delimitation. It first looks at forms of ethnic or racial redistricting in the United States, Panama, and Dominica—all of which ... More


Proportional Electoral Systems

David Lublin

in Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines proportional electoral systems. It begins with a brief exploration of different types of proportional representation systems. It then examines the impact of constituency ... More


Minority Self-Governments in Hungary— a Special Model of NTA?

Balázs Vizi

in Managing Diversity through Non-Territorial Autonomy: Assessing Advantages, Deficiencies, and Risks

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198738459
eISBN:
9780191801747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738459.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Comparative Law

The chapter offers an overview of the historical development and ideological background of the idea of minority autonomy arrangements in Hungary. Minorities in Hungary—except for the Roma—are small ... More


Minorities and the Limits of Liberal Democracy: Demoicracy and Non-Territorial Autonomy

Ephraim Nimni

in Minority Accommodation through Territorial and Non-Territorial Autonomy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198746669
eISBN:
9780191808944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746669.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Comparative Law

This chapter examines the limits of liberal democracies within the nation state in its contradictory attitude to minority representation. While the nation state is a monocultural device constitutive ... More


Majoritarian Electoral Systems

David Lublin

in Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines majoritarian electoral systems. It describes different types of majoritarian electoral systems and then discusses why some perceive them to be harmful to ethnoregional parties. ... More


Two Few: The Case for Multiparty Democracy in America

Lee Drutman

in Breaking the Two-Party Doom Loop: The Case for Multiparty Democracy in America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190913854
eISBN:
9780197516980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190913854.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter argues the case for multiparty democracy. Multiparty democracy with proportional representation is the norm among advanced democracies. America is the rare democracy left behind with an ... More


Ni-Ni Electoral Systems

David Lublin

in Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the operation of ni-ni systems and their impact on ethnoregional parties. Ni-ni systems fall into two broad types. Mixed electoral systems allow voters to cast separate votes ... More


Electoral Rules Designed to Limit Ethnoregional Parties

David Lublin

in Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the impact of institutional rules designed to undercut ethnoregional parties, including ethnic and regional party bans, and cross-regional party registration, and ballot-access ... More


Conclusion

David Lublin

in Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199948826
eISBN:
9780190209339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948826.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the implications of the preceding chapters for preventing ethnic tensions from turning into ethnic conflicts. It also considers directions for future research, particularly the ... More


Scheduling race

Anamik Saha

in Adjusting the Contrast: British Television and Constructs of Race

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781526100986
eISBN:
9781526132185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526100986.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter argues, following Garnham’s lead, that the scheduling of ‘minority programming’ and the commitment to finding, or rather, creating audiences for this type of programming is a much more ... More


Policy Influence in Influence Districts

Vanessa C. Tyson

in Twists of Fate: Multiracial Coalitions and Minority Representation in the US House of Representatives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190250928
eISBN:
9780190250942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190250928.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores minority influence through an analysis of quantitative data. I utilize tobit regression analysis to examine voting behavior on civil rights legislation that reached the floor of ... More


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