Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 54 items

  • Keywords: minimization x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Beyond Constraint‐Based Models: Communication Channels and Growth Rates

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The number of communication channels may well turn out to be a major building block in constructing quantitatively predictive logical models in social sciences. This number does determine ... More


Permit But Discourage: Regulating Excessive Consumption

W. A. Bogart

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195379877
eISBN:
9780199869060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379877.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This book is on problem gambling and its regulation, and situates this analysis in the larger context of regulating excessive consumption. This work analyzes the effectiveness of the law in ... More


Evolution and Learning

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Studies evolution and learning. The discussion includes fictitious play and replicator dynamics, and stochastic stability is considered at length. Following this, some detailed discussion of ... More


Inputs, Outputs, and Costs

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines simple production processes with only two inputs and one output. It describes methods for solving a cost minimization problem or finding the cheapest combination of inputs that ... More


Cost Minimization Using Linear Programming

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the use of linear programming in cost minimization efforts in production processes. Most economics have turned to linear programming to explain the convexity of isoquants, ... More


Experienced Wholeness: Integrating Insights from Gestalt Theory, Cognitive Neuroscience, and Predictive Processing

Wanja Wiese

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262036993
eISBN:
9780262343275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036993.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The unity of the experienced world and the experienced self have puzzled humanity for centuries. How can we understand this and related types of phenomenal (i.e., experienced) unity? This book ... More


The Predictive Mind

Jakob Hohwy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A new theory is taking hold in neuroscience. The theory is increasingly being used to interpret and drive experimental and theoretical studies, and it is finding its way into many other domains of ... More


The Guilt-Presumptive Nature of Custodial Interrogations in the United States: The Use of Confrontation, Appeals to Self-Interest, and Sympathy/Minimization in the Reid Technique

Marianne Mason

in The Discourse of Police Interviews

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226647654
eISBN:
9780226647821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226647821.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines the discursive features of three of the interrogation strategies most commonly used in the Reid interrogation method: the sympathetic-detective/minimization strategy, ... More


The Discourse Structure of Blame Mitigation in a Police Interrogation

Philip Gaines

in The Discourse of Police Interviews

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226647654
eISBN:
9780226647821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226647821.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Most American police interviewers have traditionally employed a range of manipulative interrogation techniques on suspects whom they deem to be guilty in order to extract a confession. Scholars of ... More


Prediction Error Minimization, Mental and Developmental Disorder, and Statistical Theories of Consciousness

Jakob Hohwy

in Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029346
eISBN:
9780262330213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Jakob Hohwy seeks to recover an approach to consciousness from a general theory of brain function, namely the prediction error minimization theory. The way this theory applies to mental and ... More


Constraining Rights and the Value of Status

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examine the question of whether it is morally permissible to treat people in ways ruled out by the Principle of Permissible Harm (PPH; this was introduced in Ch. 7 and provides an account of certain ... More


Minimal Forms in Complements/Adjuncts and Proximity

John A. Hawkins

in Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199252695
eISBN:
9780191719301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.003.006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter continues the discussion of domain minimization by examining the impact of reduced formal marking on relative positioning. Section 6.1 first presents some data from performance, ... More


Concluding remarks: The mind in prediction

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A brief concluding section summarizes the main points that have emerged from considering the predictive mind. The mind exists in prediction. Our perceptual experience of the world arises in our ... More


How Citizen Control of Politics Is Negated, and the Puzzles That Remain

Matt Ryan

in Why Citizen Participation Succeeds or Fails: A Comparative Analysis of Participatory Budgeting

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781529209921
eISBN:
9781529209952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529209921.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

We can learn much from independently explaining the absence of citizen control. Where programmes have failed to empower there are at least two sufficient explanations. One is the absence of ... More


Medicalisation

Natasha Du Rose

in The governance of female drug users: Women's experiences of drug policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781847426727
eISBN:
9781447307839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426727.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Chapter 5 is concerned with the public health strand of drug policy discourse and the technology of medicalisation underpinning it. Medicalization operates as a form of control and regulation whereby ... More


The politics of risk and mental health

Kenneth McLaughlin

in Social work, politics and society: From radicalism to orthodoxy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420459
eISBN:
9781447303572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420459.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter is about statutory mental health social work, particularly in relation to the contemporary concern with risk management and risk minimisation. Social work here is seen as having a ... More


Introduction

Gillian Abel and Lisa Fitzgerald

in Taking the crime out of sex work: New Zealand sex workers' fight for decriminalisation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423344
eISBN:
9781447303664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423344.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Prior to the passing of the Prostitution Reform Act of 2003 (PRA), although sex work in New Zealand was not deemed illegal, the activities associated with it, such as soliciting, brothel keeping, ... More


Risk and risk management in sex work post-Prostitution Reform Act: a public health perspective

Gillian Abel and Lisa Fitzgerald

in Taking the crime out of sex work: New Zealand sex workers' fight for decriminalisation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423344
eISBN:
9781447303664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423344.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

In the sex-worker population, the priority of harm minimisation has been to minimise disease transmission through educating the workers on safe-sex practices. This harm-minimisation approach assumes ... More


Uncertainty and the Producer Strategy: The Case for Minimizing Type-ll Errors in Rational Risk Evaluation

K. Shrader-Frechette

in A Reader on Regulation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198765295
eISBN:
9780191695292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198765295.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

In cases of uncertainty, choosing a maximin strategy typically minimizes public risk (to citizens) and maximizes industry risk (to those responsible for dangerous technology). But this raises the ... More


Function Approximation

Masashi Sugiyama and Motoaki Kawanabe

in Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Introduction to Covariate Shift Adaptation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262017091
eISBN:
9780262301220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017091.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses function learning methods under covariate shift. Ordinary empirical risk minimization learning is not consistent under covariate shift for misspecified models, and this ... More


View: