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Conclusions

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Coal mining offered the opportunity to earn money quickly during booms, but it was a dirty, dangerous job often located in isolated little towns. To protect themselves against exploitation by ... More


Death’s Taken a Mighty Toll for Coal, Coal, Coal

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Coal mining was one of the more dangerous occupations in the early 1900s. Workers were mobile enough that they reduced their labor supply to states where the mines were more dangerous. The United ... More


Dig Sixteen Tons and What Did You Get? Earnings

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Coal miners generally earned substantially more per hour than manufacturing workers, but their annual earnings were similar or slightly lower. On the plus side, coal miners had more workplace ... More


The Coal Labor Market, 1890–1930

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

To see how well the analytical framework fits the coal industry, this chapter describes the coal labor market in the early 1900s. The coal labor market boomed through World War I and then began to ... More


Creating “New Values, New Realities” in the Coalfields, 1948–1956

Robyn Muncy

in Relentless Reformer: Josephine Roche and Progressivism in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691122731
eISBN:
9781400852413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691122731.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details events in Josephine Roche's life from 1948 to 1956. Despite the contraction of her reforming efforts in the late 1940s, Roche had high hopes for her new work at the United Mine ... More


Radical Genesis: Birmingham, 1870–1930

Robin D. G. Kelley

in Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists during the Great Depression

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625485
eISBN:
9781469625508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625485.003.0013
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the period 1870–1930 in Birmingham, Alabama, which was marked by industrialization and the rise of organized labor. The newly created industrial complex in Birmingham ... More


Every New Grave Brought a Thousand Members: The Politics of Death in Illinois Coal Communities, 1883–1910

Michael K. Rosenow

in Death and Dying in the Working Class, 1865-1920

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039133
eISBN:
9780252097119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039133.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines the politics of death in Illinois coal mining communities during the period 1883–1910, with particular emphasis on how miners and their families experienced death in one of the ... More


Global Justice Networks: Geographies of Transnational Solidarity

Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076855
eISBN:
9781781702307
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076855.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book provides a critical investigation of what has been termed the ‘global justice movement’. Through a detailed study of a grassroots peasants' network in Asia (People's Global Action); an ... More


International Federation for Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers: labour internationalism as vertical networking?

Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

in Global Justice Networks: Geographies of Transnational Solidarity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076855
eISBN:
9781781702307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076855.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses upon the International Federation for Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers (ICEM), a longer established global union federation with more a formal hierarchical ... More


Welsh American Union Leadership

Ronald L. Lewis

in Welsh Americans: A History of Assimilation in the Coalfields

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832202
eISBN:
9781469605814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807887905_lewis.12
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter focuses on the Welsh-born in America who abandoned mining to follow a career in organized labor. Some Welsh American coal miners achieved upward mobility within the industry by rising ... More


Unfaithful Followers: Rethinking Southern Nonunionism in the Late Nineteenth Century

Dana M. Caldemeyer

in Reconsidering Southern Labor History: Race, Class, and Power

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056975
eISBN:
9780813053752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056975.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The United Mine Workers of America (UMW) had roughly 13,000 members when it called for a nationwide suspension in bituminous coal production in April 1894, but over 150,000 primarily non-union miners ... More


Origins: New Organizational Forms, 1886–1890

Andrew B. Arnold

in Fueling the Gilded Age: Railroads, Miners, and Disorder in Pennsylvania Coal Country

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814764985
eISBN:
9780814724958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814764985.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the emergence of new organizational forms in Central Pennsylvania's coal industry in the late nineteenth century. It begins with a discussion of the coal miners' strike staged ... More


Antiwar Cultures of the AFL, the Debate over Preparedness, and the Gompers Turnabout

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the internal political debate that raged within the American Federation of Labor (AFL) over Woodrow Wilson's policies toward the European war between 1914 and 1917. It first ... More


The Mexican Revolution as Catalyst

Elizabeth McKillen

in Making the World Safe for Workers: Labor, the Left, and Wilsonian Internationalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037870
eISBN:
9780252095139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037870.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores how the Mexican revolution helped to catalyze a debate within U.S. labor, Socialist, and immigrant Left circles over Woodrow Wilson's internationalist principles that would grow ... More


Strained Solidarities

Bryan T. McNeil

in Combating Mountaintop Removal: New Directions in the Fight against Big Coal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036439
eISBN:
9780252093463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036439.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the dramatic changes within the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA)—once the most powerful force in American organized labor. By the end of the twentieth century, the UMWA ... More


Association: Organization and Industry, 1890–1894

Andrew B. Arnold

in Fueling the Gilded Age: Railroads, Miners, and Disorder in Pennsylvania Coal Country

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814764985
eISBN:
9780814724958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814764985.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the Central Pennsylvania coal industry's attempts to create a national organization in the late nineteenth century. Between 1890 and 1894, coal operators, coal miners, and ... More


Palomino: Clinton Jencks and Mexican-American Unionism in the American Southwest

James J. Lorence and Donna Lorence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037559
eISBN:
9780252094804
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037559.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This book presents the first comprehensive biography of progressive labor organizer, peace worker, and economist Clinton Jencks (1918–2005). A key figure in the radical International Union of Mine, ... More


From Nantymoel to Hollywood the Incredible Journey of Mary Thomas

Ronald L. Lewis

in Welsh Americans: A History of Assimilation in the Coalfields

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832202
eISBN:
9781469605814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807887905_lewis.13
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter shows why women played no official role in the United Mine Workers of America—they were barred from working in the mines. Unofficially, however, women did play a significant part in the ... More


National Scale: A Living Wage for Capital and for Labor, 1895–1902

Andrew B. Arnold

in Fueling the Gilded Age: Railroads, Miners, and Disorder in Pennsylvania Coal Country

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814764985
eISBN:
9780814724958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814764985.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the coal miners' attempt to establish a national market for wages in the period 1895–1902. From about 1895 to 1900, the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) held joint ... More


As Furious as the Last Horseman of a Legion of the Bitter-End: Birmingham, Alabama

Jennifer Ritterhouse

in Discovering the South: One Man's Travels through a Changing America in the 1930s

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469630946
eISBN:
9781469630960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630946.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter centers on Daniels's interviews with Birmingham industrialist Charles F. DeBardeleben and labor organizer William Mitch of the United Mine Workers (UMW) and Congress of Industrial ... More


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