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Pursuing Meaning

Emma Borg

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book examines some recent answers to the questions of how and where to draw the divide between semantics (roughly, features of the literal meaning of linguistic items) and pragmatics (roughly, ... More


Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Alvin I. Goldman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

How people assign mental states to others and how they represent or conceptualize such states in the first place are topics of interest to philosophy of mind, developmental psychology, and cognitive ... More


How Homo Became Sapiens: On the evolution of thinking

Peter Gardenfors

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528517
eISBN:
9780191689543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528517.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Our ability to think is one of our most puzzling characteristics. What would it be like to be unable to think? What would it be like to lack self-awareness? The complexity of this activity is ... More


Mindreading in Gettier Cases and Skeptical Pressure Cases

Jennifer Nagel

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

To what extent should we trust our natural instincts about knowledge? The question has special urgency for epistemologists who want to draw evidential support for their theories from certain ... More


Intention-Sensitive Expressions

Emma Borg

in Pursuing Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199588374
eISBN:
9780191741487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588374.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the role of speaker intentions in issues of reference determination for context-sensitive expressions, focusing on demonstratives. Intuitively, the referent of a token utterance ... More


Sharing conscious states

William Hirstein

in Mindmelding: Consciousness, Neuroscience, and the Mind's Privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199231904
eISBN:
9780191738319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231904.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explains how mindmelding — the direct experience by one person of another's conscious representations — is in fact possible. The temporal lobes causally interact with the prefrontal ... More


Norms with Feeling: Toward a Psychological Account of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A large tradition of work in moral psychology explores the capacity for moral judgment by focusing on the basic capacity to distinguish moral violations (e.g., hitting another person) from ... More


Sparks of Benevolence: The Varied Emotional Responses to Suffering in Others

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores in detail the nature of the affective response to suffering in others. Humans exhibit importantly different kinds of response, each of which apparently emerges fairly early in ... More


Epilogue

Robert W. Lurz

in Mindreading Animals: The Debate over What Animals Know about Other Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016056
eISBN:
9780262298339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016056.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

On the basis of the arguments presented in this book, it cannot be determined with certainty whether animals are capable of mindreading or complementary behavior reading. It is also not clear whether ... More


How to read minds

Tim Bayne

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Most animals have mental states of one sort or another, but few species share our capacity for self-awareness. We are aware of our own mental states via introspection, and we are aware of the mental ... More


Brain imaging and the transparency scenario

Sarah Richmond

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter focuses on the possible impact of neuroscientific technological development on one area of privacy in particular: the privacy that we enjoy in relation to the contents of our minds or, ... More


Mindreading Animals: The Debate over What Animals Know about Other Minds

Robert W. Lurz

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016056
eISBN:
9780262298339
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Animals live in a world of other minds, human and nonhuman, and their well-being and survival often depends on what is going on in the minds of these other creatures. But do animals know that other ... More


The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Peter Carruthers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is widely believed in philosophy that people have privileged and authoritative access to their own thoughts, and many theories have been proposed to explain this supposed fact. This book ... More


Dissociation Data

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines one of the main predictions made by all forms of inner sense theory. This is that there should exist dissociations between capacities for self-knowledge and for other-knowledge, ... More


Within Each Other:: Neural Mechanisms for Empathy in the Primate Brain

Marco Iacoboni

in Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199539956
eISBN:
9780191730931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539956.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The chapter discusses neural mechanisms of mirroring in the primate brain and their potential role in empathy. In monkeys, motor neurons that fire while the animal perform an action, also fire when ... More


The ISA Theory: Foundations and Elaborations

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter further develops and supports the interpretive sensory-access (ISA) account of the nature and sources of self-knowledge. One goal is expository—it is to develop and explain the ISA ... More


Inner Sense Theories

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The goal of this chapter is to explain and provide a preliminary evaluation of so-called “inner sense” accounts of self-knowledge, contrasting them with the interpretive sensory-access (ISA) theory. ... More


Mindreading in Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The topic of mindreading is central to the interpretive sensory-access (ISA) theory of self-knowledge. This chapter lays out the issues and options, and examines some of the pertinent evidence. The ... More


The emergence of metacognition: affect and uncertainty in animals

Peter Carruthers and J. Brendan Ritchie

in Foundations of Metacognition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter situates the dispute over the metacognitive capacities of non-human animals in the context of wider debates about the phylogeny of metarepresentational abilities. This chapter clarifies ... More


Metacognition and mindreading: one or two functions?

Joëlle Proust

in Foundations of Metacognition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Given disagreements about the architecture of the mind, the nature of self-knowledge, and its epistemology, the question of how to understand the function and scope of metacognition — the control of ... More


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