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Describing Ourselves: Wittgenstein and Autobiographical Consciousness

Garry Hagberg

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234226
eISBN:
9780191715440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234226.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

The voluminous writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein contain some of the most profound reflections of our time on the nature of the human subject and self-understanding — the human condition, ... More


Descartes on Causation

Tad M. Schmaltz

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327946
eISBN:
9780199869961
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a systematic study of Descartes's theory of causation and its relation to the medieval and early modern scholastic philosophy that provides its proper historical context. The argument ... More


The Ontology of Mind: Events, Processes, and States

Helen Steward

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250647
eISBN:
9780191681318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book puts forward a radical critique of the foundations of contemporary philosophy of mind, arguing that it relies too heavily on insecure assumptions about the nature of some of the sorts of ... More


Raw Feeling: A philosophical account of the essence of consciousness

Robert Kirk

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236795
eISBN:
9780191679353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236795.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book asks the question: how could processes in the brain amount to conscious experiences? The mind–body problem is mystifying, even after decades of philosophical activity with the benefit of ... More


Miletus Preserved II: Spinoza

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Spinoza, more concerned than Hobbes with the ancient conception of the role of philosophy in delineating the Good Life, made Substance, God, and Nature into synonyms. God is eternal, free, and ... More


The Resurrection of the Dead

Stephen T. Davis

in Christian Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199284597
eISBN:
9780191603778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284598.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the general resurrection. It first establishes that classical mind/body dualism — a theory seen (in different forms) in Plato and Descartes — is not the Christian position. ... More


The Light of the Soul: Theories of Ideas in Leibniz, Malebranche, and Descartes

Nicholas Jolley

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238195
eISBN:
9780191597824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238193.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The concept of an idea plays a central role in seventeenth‐century theories of mind and knowledge. However, philosophers of the period were seriously divided over the nature of ideas. The Light of ... More


Consciousness and its Objects

Colin McGinn

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267606
eISBN:
9780191601798
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926760X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book features collection of essays on consciousness. It is intended as a sequel to the author’s 1991 book, The Problem of Consciousness. Although the author has not modified his views in the ... More


Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False

Thomas Nagel

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199919758
eISBN:
9780199980369
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199919758.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that the widely accepted world view of materialist naturalism is untenable. The mind-body problem cannot be confined to the relation between animal minds and animal bodies. If ... More


Three Problems of Experience

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The problem to be discussed is the logical problem of experience, which focuses on three inconsistent theses: there are experiential truths; if there are experiential truths, every truth is entailed ... More


 Brain, Body, and Self

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter describes different regions of the brain and how they regulate different bodily functions. It describes how the brain regulates cognitive, affective, and conative capacities at the level ... More


Neuromania: On the limits of brain science

Paolo Legrenzi and Carlo Umiltà

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199591343
eISBN:
9780191729164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591343.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Neuroeconomics, neuromarketing, neuroaesthetics, and neurotheology are just a few of the novel disciplines that have been inspired by a combination of ancient knowledge together with recent ... More


The Question

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains what it means to ask what we are. It begins by breaking the question up into smaller ones, such as what we are made of, what parts we have, and whether we are substances. It ... More


 Domain Introduction

Richard J. Davidson

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of the three chapters (Chapters 6-8) in Part II of the book. Each of the chapters tells a story about a successful interdisciplinary outcome focused on certain ... More


Avoiding Cartesian Materialism

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

in Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores the legacy of Descartes in attempting to understand the human mind, a legacy often referred to as Cartesian materialism. An account is given of the many ways in which Cartesian ... More


Altruistic Love and Physical Health

Harold G. Koenig

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines the associations between altruistic or unconditional love and physical health. It looks at the mind–body relationship and reviews recent research on the effects of negative ... More


The Mind in Nature

C. B. Martin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What are the most fundamental features of the world? Do minds stand outside the natural order? Is a unified picture of mental and physical reality possible? This book provides an account of the world ... More


Fashions, Failures, Prospects

Paul Marshall

in Mystical Encounters with the Natural World: Experiences and Explanations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199279432
eISBN:
9780191603440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199279438.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Two general approaches to the explanation of extrovertive mystical experience have emerged as tenable, centred respectively on the intrapersonal psychological and biological factors of naturalistic ... More


Borrowed Gods and Foreign Bodies: Christian Missionaries Imagine Chinese Religion

Eric Reinders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520241718
eISBN:
9780520931084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241718.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

To the Victorians, the Chinese were invariably “inscrutable”. The meaning and provenance of this impression—and, most importantly, its workings in nineteenth-century Protestant missionary encounters ... More


Modest Dualism 1

Tyler Burge

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with a detailed response to the previous chapter's review of Burge's previous work on the mind-body problem, centering on empirical doubts about compositional materialism ... More


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